A spacecraft with three Russian cosmonauts undocked from the ISS

The undocking from the ISS of the Soyuz MS-21 spacecraft, on which Russian cosmonauts Oleg Artemiev, Denis Matveev and Sergey Korsakov are returning to Earth, occurred on September 29, RIA Novosti reports, citing data from the Center near Moscow flight control.

A few hours later, the Soyuz engine must slow it down to deorbit. After that, the descent vehicle with the astronauts will separate from the ship and enter the atmosphere. Its landing is expected around 14.00 in the Kazakh steppe.

Earlier it was reported that the cosmonauts returning to Earth asked the search and rescue team to bring cabbage, turnips, pilaf and barbecue to the landing site of the descent vehicle.

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Dragon cargo spacecraft successfully undocked from ISS

SpaceX's Cargo Dragon 2 spacecraft has successfully undocked from the International Space Station (ISS). The undocking was broadcast on the NASA website on Friday.

The spacecraft undocked at 11:05 AM EDT (18:05 Moscow time). It will splash down off the coast of Florida in about 28 hours.

The US also uses Northrop Grumman's Cygnus ships to deliver cargo to the ISS. They burn up in the dense layers of the atmosphere along with the garbage that is taken from the station.

It became known yesterday that the first commercial greenhouse in space could appear on the ISS in the spring of 2023.

Earlier it was reported that that the indicator of the weightlessness of the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft, which will leave for the ISS in September, will be the figure of the famous cartoon character Cheburashka.

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The astronauts completed work in outer space and returned to the ISS

Russian cosmonauts Oleg Artemiev and Denis Matveev completed work in open space and returned to the International Space Station (ISS). The state corporation Roscosmos reported this on its Telegram channel.

It is noted that the crew is feeling well.

“Unfinished work will be completed during the next spacewalks,” the message says.

Recall at 16: 53 Moscow time, the cosmonauts opened the exit hatch in the Poisk small research module. ISS. They were supposed to stay in space for 6 hours and 44 minutes to prepare the European remote manipulator ERA for operation.

Later, Oleg Artemiev returned to the ISS ahead of schedule, having completed a spacewalk after problems with the spacesuit.

Aif.ru broadcast live the spacewalk of Russian cosmonauts.

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The flight of the first female astronaut from Tunisia to the ISS is scheduled for 2024

The flight of the first female astronaut from Tunisia to the ISS, who will also become the first representative of Africa there, is scheduled for March 2024. This was stated by the representative of the Tunisian company Telnet Holding Hahil Tuali, reports TASS.

The day before, Women's Day was celebrated in Tunisia, within which eight candidates for a flight to the ISS were presented. Now they are undergoing medical examinations, after which six of them will go to Russia to participate in the final selection stage.

Two astronauts will be in the final. One of the women will be the main crew member, the second will be a spare.

Earlier it was reported that the ISS orbit was raised by more than 530 meters before the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft arrived and returned Soyuz MS-21. Launch of the Soyuz MS-22 spacecraft scheduled for September 21, the crew will include cosmonauts Sergei Prokopyev and Dmitry Petelin, as well as NASA astronaut Francisco Rubio.

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Nathan Eismont: what awaits the ISS and why Russia needs a new orbital station

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 32. Take a check per capita 10/08/2022

During the meeting with the president, the new head of Roskosmos Yuri Borisov confirmed that after 2024 Russia will withdraw from the International Space Station project.

About what awaits the ISS further and for what Russia has a new station, "AiF" spoke with leading researcher at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Nathan Eismont.

Museum at an altitude of 600 km

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: —     When when do you think will leave ISS?

Nathan Eismont: — Go to 2024  — it's like leaving right now. I'm sure it won't happen abruptly. Firstly, the Russian side must transfer all its competencies related to work on the ISS. Secondly, we ourselves are interested in staying at the station as long as possible. And the Americans are interested in and all other participants. Despite the most difficult geopolitical situation, no tension was felt on the ISS at all. There are excellent relations between everyone.

We will stay at ISS as long as possible. And by the way, I'm not sure that the station will be flooded after 2030 

— What will happen to her?

  There are proposals to raise the ISS orbit by 150–200 km and leave it there for a long time, for decades. At            the atmosphere will not slow down           it will be required to send a spacecraft every few months, as it is now, to return the fallen altitude to the previous value.

And you can use the station as a museum, take tourists there. After all, this is a unique structure, in which huge resources of mankind have been invested. Why sink it in the ocean? This is a monument of our civilization, it is better to save it for posterity.

—      ISS, our cosmonauts will move to  ROSS (Russian Orbital Service Station), which      is much talked about. But and there is little specifics: according to documents there is no such project, the goals are unclear, the costs — too. Yes and pull will we it 

— There are doubts whether plans for the development of our own station will fit into other already approved plans for space activities. You may have to sacrifice something.

The new station will have an orbit with an inclination of 96.9° to the plane of the equator, and supporters of this option say: oh, great, all of Russia will be constantly visible from orbit! Indeed, from the orbit on which the ISS is currently flying (with an inclination of 51.6°), it is impossible to observe zones north of this latitude. But these areas are perfectly viewed by satellites, of which these orbits are so full. These are Earth remote sensing devices, meteorological satellites … Sun-synchronous orbits are overloaded with them, there are even special services that monitor around the clock so that there are no collisions.

Of course, ROSS will fly below these satellites, and collisions do threat   , but the question is what for what purpose is it needed, for what tasks? If for observations of the surface of the Earth, then satellites cope with this. True, we have very few there there only 10, and this is a serious gap, but it is unlikely to fill it with the launch of an orbital station.

With a dream of Mars

— Maybe we don't know everything about the tasks of the new station? Rogozin, being the head of Roskosmos, said that it would look like Picatinny rail — rail fastening system used in small arms. Maybe such a comparison is not in vain?

— Indeed, there is talk of military purpose. But now, again the same, these tasks are perfectly solved by automata. And one thing — to observe from orbit, and completely different — bring weapons there. There is an international treaty according to which it is forbidden to launch weapons into space, and I don't think that anyone would risk violating it. After all, by doing so, he will open the way for others. This is a very delicate balance, and everyone has an interest in keeping it.

— Then what are the arguments in for ROSS? Conducting scientific experiments? But them and ISS was underloaded. The last argument — preservation of the manned flight program.

— Disputes about whether manned spaceflight is needed all the time arise between specialists. Many people involved in science are against it. Why? Because if you look at the scientific results obtained from manned and unmanned programs, the comparison is in in favor of manned, and strongly. If you take the experiments on ISS, for fundamental science there are not particularly outstanding results.

Nevertheless, manned astronautics is needed, and here's why. The thing is that all recent scientific achievements related space exploration — all these dark matter, black holes, exoplanets and gravitational waves are incomprehensible and uninteresting to a person from the street. And here is a man in space — quite another matter. Each of us, regardless of the country in which we live, feels a bit like an inhabitant of space. And                 there             this is important and necessary.

— So manned astronautics serves to promote space research in the broad sense?

— Absolutely, although the word « propaganda» gives off negative. If we want people to support scientific space exploration, we need to launch manned missions too. WhyElon Muskconstantly mentions an expedition to Mars as the ultimate goal? It is customary to laugh at him, but there is a deep meaning in this: it attracts people's attention. And, by the way, our ROSS can play a crucial role in the upcoming expedition to Mars. The point is that without the experience of constant flights in near-Earth orbits we will not be ready for a long flight to Mars and back. We still don much to ensure the safety of such an interplanetary flight.

If we suddenly stop working on orbital stations, the experience gained will be irreversibly lost. Therefore, manned programs need to be continued. Mars still remains a dream, but      the        refuse   refuses  >

Opinions

Yuri Borisov, Director General of Roscosmos.

About ISS:

— If we talk about the timing of the termination of Russia's participation in the ISS project — we declared that we intend to do it not from 2024, but after 2024  In Russian, these are two big differences.

О ROSS:

— The set of technical problems makes us think about the goal of continuing the manned program — about the creation of a Russian station. And this transition — completion of work on ISS and commencement of work on Russian station, — must definitely be synchronized.

Sergey Krikalev, Executive Director of Roscosmos on manned programs.

About ISS:

— After 2024 it could be 2025, 2028, 2030  The exact decision to stop work will be made on the basis of an analysis of its technical condition.

About ROSS:

— Today we are discussing whether a completely new Russian station will be built or we will attach the new station to the old one, and then undock. Now our American partners on ISS offer the possibility of docking, including commercial modules, and using them as a test platform for testing.

Dmitry Rogozin, ex-CEO of Roscosmos.

About ISS:

—  So far, we have government permission to work on ISS until 2024  The United States made a decision before & nbsp; 2030 & nbsp; work there. We estimate until 2030  the station will collapse. Her resource — 15 years.

О ROSS:

— The new station will be akin to a Picatinny rail. This allows you to quickly change some equipment. The outer side of the station, facing the Earth, will be constantly loaded with various spacecraft. They will be able to conduct both conventional visual observation, and in infrared mode, radar mode, see through the night, fogs.

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Roscosmos: the date of withdrawal from the ISS project will depend on the state of the station

The date of Russia's withdrawal from the International Space Station project will depend on its technical condition, it can be any year between 2024 and 2030, said the executive director of Roskosmos Sergey Krikalev for manned programs.

“After 2024, it could be 2025, 2028, or 2030, the exact decision to stop work will be made based on an analysis of its technical condition”, &ndash ; RIA Novosti quotes his words, spoken during a video conference speech at a press conference in Houston.

At the end of July, the general director of Roskosmos Yuri Borisov said that after 2024 Russia will begin withdrawing from the International Space Station project. He promised that the Russian Federation would fulfill all obligations to the partners in the project.

During a press conference on Thursday, the head of the American ISS program, Joel Montalbano, said that the agreement on cross-flights with Russia could be extended after 2024. “Our long-term goal – have a combined crew on all flights, – he said.

Recall that last month Roskosmos and NASA have agreed to cross-fly to the ISS in 2022-2024. One seat on the Soyuz spacecraft will be occupied by an American astronaut, and on an American – Russian cosmonaut.

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Musk responded in French to Russia’s decision to withdraw from the ISS project

American billionaire, owner of SpaceX, Elon Musk, responded with the phrase “good luck” on Russia's decision to withdraw from the International Space Station project after 2024.

«Bon voyage», — this is how he reacted on his Twitter to an article by Space.com, in which the statement of the head of Roscosmos was quoted; Yuri Borisov on withdrawal from the international space project.

Earlier today, during a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Borisov reported on withdrawal from the ISS project after 2024. At the same time, Russia will fulfill all obligations to foreign partners.

Borisov added that one of the priorities of the Russian Federation in the space industry is the creation of the Russian Orbital Service Station (ROSS). At the first stage, the new orbital complex will include the base, gateway, hub and scientific and energy modules.

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In “Roskosmos” called the timing of the flight of Kikina to the ISS on the ship Crew Dragon

Cosmonaut Anna Kikina will leave on the American ship Crew Dragon to the International Space Station at the end of September, according to the Telegram channel of Roscosmos.

As recalled by the state corporation, on Thursday NASA announced that the launch of the Crew Dragon spacecraft of the Crew-5 mission, the crew of which includes Russian woman Anna Kikina, is planned no earlier than September 29, 2022.

“Anna Kikina will go to the ISS no earlier than the end of September”, &ndash ; clarified in “Roscosmos”.

Before, Anna Kikina was recognized as fit for space flight at a meeting of the Main Medical Commission, the cosmonaut will continue to prepare for the 68th expedition to the ISS.

Kikina may become the first representative of Russia to fly into space on an American apparatus.

Meanwhile, Roskosmos and NASA signed an agreement on cross-flights of cosmonauts on American ships and astronauts on Russian Soyuz to the ISS.

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Cosmonaut Artemyev launched the first two nanosatellites from the ISS

Cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev launched the first two nanosatellites during a spacewalk from the ISS, according to the press service "Roskosmos". 

The total Russian and his a colleague from the European Space Agency, Samantha Cristoforetti should launch 10 vehicles. 

On both spacecraft “Tsiolkovsky-Ryazan” transmitting equipment is located. It is intended for calibration of radio telescopes of the Pushchino Observatory. 

With the help of these satellites, schoolchildren will be taught from space, the state corporation added.

It is expected that Artemiev and Cristoforetti will stay in outer space for more than 6 hours. They will also have to transfer the platform with adapters from the "Poisk" to multipurpose laboratory module "Science" and mount a number of fixtures for external equipment.

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US cargo spacecraft successfully docked with the ISS

The SpaceX Cargo Dragon 2 spacecraft of the United States successfully docked with the International Space Station (ISS), TASS reports.

On July 14, the ship launched from the space center in Florida. Docking with the ISS occurred at 18:21 Moscow time.

Dragon is on SpaceX's 25th commercial mission. About 3 tons of cargo was delivered: supplies, equipment, goods for various kinds of experiments.

Recall that the launch of Cargo Dragon 2 was scheduled for early June, but was repeatedly postponed due to various technical problems. So, on July 7, the launch of an American cargo ship was postponed indefinitely due to malfunctions in the operation of its onboard engine systems.

Earlier it was reported that Roskosmos and NASA signed an agreement on cross-flights of cosmonauts on American ships and astronauts on Russian Soyuz to the ISS.

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Cargo Dragon 2 with cargo for the ISS launched from the spaceport in Florida

The Falcon 9 launch vehicle launched from the Florida spaceport with the Cargo Dragon 2 spacecraft carrying cargo for the International Space Station, according to the NASA website.

It is clarified that the cargo the ship will deliver about 2.6 tons of cargo to the ISS, including products and materials for scientific experiments in orbit.

Recall that the launch of Cargo Dragon 2 was scheduled for early June, but was repeatedly postponed due to for various technical problems.

Thus, on July 7, the launch of the American cargo ship was postponed indefinitely due to malfunctions in the systems of its onboard engine.

Earlier it became known about the intention NASA and SpaceX to launch Cargo Dragon 2 at 03:44 Moscow time on July 15.

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NASA: Launch of Cargo Dragon 2 to the ISS will take place in Florida on July 14

The launch of the American cargo ship Cargo Dragon 2 to the International Space Station will take place in Florida on July 14, according to NASA.

"NASA and SpaceX intend to launch at 20:44 on U.S. East Coast time on July 14 (03:44 Moscow time on July 15),” the message says.

Recall that the launch of Cargo Dragon 2 was scheduled for early June, but was repeatedly postponed due to various technical malfunctions.

So, on July 7, the launch of the American cargo ship was postponed indefinitely due to malfunctions in the systems of its onboard engine.

The cargo ship Cargo Dragon 2 should deliver to the International Space station about three tons of cargo, including supplies, equipment and materials for various experiments.

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Astronaut from Russia will be delayed on the ISS due to the flight of the representative of Belarus

One of the crew members of the Soyuz MS-23 spacecraft will have to stay on the ISS in order to organize a short-term flight into orbit of a cosmonaut from Belarus, TASS reports.

Dmitry Rogozin, Director General of Roscosmos, said this during a conversation with the agency correspondents.

“Yes, someone will have to stay longer,” the head of the state corporation said.

According to him, the cosmonaut who will have to stay in orbit has not yet been selected. The official proposal will appear after Roscosmos receives the list of Belarusian candidates.

Let us remind you that the Soyuz MS-23 the preparation stage includes cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko, Andrei Fedyaev and Nikolai Chub. The Belarusian cosmonaut, in turn, will make a short flight next autumn and return to Earth on the Soyuz MS-23.

Earlier, Roscosmos also confirmed the candidacy of cosmonaut Anna Kikina for cross-flights with NASA.

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The launch of astronauts to the ISS in the spring of 2023 will be held according to an ultra-short scheme

The launch of a manned spacecraft with a crew to the ISS in the spring of 2023 will take place according to a single-orbit rendezvous scheme. This was stated by the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin.

He added that the next launch of Progress this autumn it will also pass according to the single-orbit rendezvous scheme with the ISS. According to Rogozin, it will take about two hours, taking into account all the operations.

“In fact, this will immediately open the way to work with the crew in a similar way. That is, the spring launch of a manned spacecraft with a crew of 2023 will also take place according to an ultra-short scheme, ultra-short, because the current one is also short,” the head of Roscosmos TASS quotes.

He also said that the state corporation intends to make five launches from the Vostochny cosmodrome. The number of launches from Baikonur can reach from 15 to 20 devices, the exact number will become clear in July, Rogozin noted. which were to be launched next year. He recalled that this year it was decided to abandon the launch of British OneWeb communications satellites.

Earlier, Roscosmos announced that they would continue work in the ISS project until a new station was deployed .

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Cargo spacecraft Progress MS-18 undocked from the ISS

Progress MS-18 cargo ship undocked from the International Space Station. This was reported by Roscosmos.

The ship has been part of the ISS since October 30, 2021. With its help, standard cargoes and tools for working in outer space were delivered, and the station's orbit was also corrected. will begin at 14:11 Moscow time, after which the ship will deorbit and collapse. Fireproof parts of the structure will fall into the non-navigable area of ​​the Pacific Ocean, almost three thousand kilometers from the capital of New Zealand. complied with all procedures to establish this area as temporarily dangerous for sea navigation and aircraft flights, –
 
Earlier it was reported that the preparation of the Progress MS-20 cargo spacecraft is being completed at the technical complex of the Baikonur Cosmodrome. to fly to the International Space Station under the program of the 81st resupply mission.

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Preparation of the Progress MS-20 cargo spacecraft for flight to the ISS

At the technical complex of the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the preparation of the Progress MS-20 cargo spacecraft is being completed. to fly to the International Space Station under the program of the 81st resupply mission.

On May 29, the ship as part of the space warhead arrived at the Assembly and Test Building for general assembly with the Soyuz-2.1a launch vehicle. RSC Energia specialists and specialized enterprises of Roskosmos completed the tilting of the space head into a horizontal position and its loading into the transport unit.

Launch of the carrier rocket “Soyuz-2.1a” with the ship “Progress MS-20” scheduled for June 3, 2022. The ship's flight program provides for an ultra-fast two-orbit autonomous rendezvous scheme with the delivery to the ISS of about 2,500 kg of cargo, including refueling fuel, supplies of drinking water and compressed gases, as well as 1,458 kg of various equipment and materials for the crew of the 67th long-term expedition.

© Roskosmos/RSC Energia

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Command of the ISS on Wednesday will pass to Russian cosmonaut Artemyev

The NASA press service said that on Wednesday the command of the station will pass to Russian cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev, Interfax reports.

It is reported that a command change ceremony will be held on board the International Space Station, during which the current commander, NASA astronaut Tom Marshburn, will pass the baton to the Russian.

Marshburn himself, along with the crew of the Crew Dragon-3 spacecraft, should return to Earth this week.

Recall that on March 18 Artemiev, along with Denis Matveev and Sergei Korsakov, arrived at the ISS on the S. P. Korolev («Soyuz MS-21»).

Earlier, Director General of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin said that the Russian authorities had already decided when the participation of the Russian side in the ISS project would be terminated. He did not name the exact dates.

We note that, according to experts, the ISS will not be able to function without Russia, so NASA representatives are asking Roscosmos not to leave the project. This was told to AiF.ru by the leading researcher of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nathan Eismont.

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NASA expects Russia to participate in the ISS program until 2030

The United States hopes that Russia will continue to participate in the ISS program until 2030. This was stated by the head of NASA Bill Nelson, reports TASS.

“We see every reason to believe that the Russian Federation will continue to work on the ISS in the near future”, – he said, speaking in one of the committees of the US Senate.

Nelson added that the international situation did not affect the professional relations of American astronauts and Russian cosmonauts.

Earlier, Roscosmos CEO Dmitry Rogozin said, that the authorities of the Russian Federation have already decided when the participation of the Russian side in the ISS project will be terminated. He did not name the exact dates.

We note that, according to experts, the ISS will not be able to function without Russia, so NASA representatives are asking Roscosmos not to leave the project. Nathan Eismont, a leading researcher at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told AiF.ru about this.

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Rogozin: the decision on the duration of the operation of the ISS will depend on the situation in the Russian Federation

The head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, said that the Russian side will make a decision on the terms of operation of the ISS, based on the situation in and around the country, TASS reports.

“Let's not rush announce our position and will continue to work within the time frame set by the government until 2024», the general director of the state corporation emphasized.

He also stressed that if a decision is made to withdraw from the project, Moscow will warn in advance foreign partners.

It was previously reported that Russian cosmonauts Oleg Artemiev and Denis Matveev deployed a copy of the Victory Banner in outer space on the eve of Victory Day.

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Crew Dragon docked with ISS with four astronauts

The Crew Dragon spacecraft of the American company SpaceX with four astronauts on board docked to the ISS, TASS reports.

The docking of the spacecraft with the station was recorded on Thursday at 2:37 Moscow time time. The operation was carried out automatically.

Recall that the launch of the spacecraft was carried out on Wednesday afternoon from the cosmodrome at Cape Canaveral. Its crew included NASA astronauts Chell Lindgren, Robert Hynes, Jessica Watkins, as well as ESA representative, Italian Samantha Cristoforetti.

They will replace Americans Tom Marshburn, Raju Chari, Kayla Barron and German Matthias Maurer in orbit.< /p>

Russian cosmonauts Oleg Artemiev, Denis Matveev and Sergey Korsakov are also currently on the ISS.

Earlier, the head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, said that the state corporation is considering the possibility of separating the Russian segment from the International Space Station.

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Expert: US asks Russia not to withdraw from the ISS project

Without Russian cosmonauts, the International Space Station (ISS) will not be able to function, so NASA representatives are asking Roscosmos not to leave the project. Natan Eismont, a leading researcher at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, expressed the corresponding opinion in an interview with AiF.ru.
 
whole. There is a certain distribution of functions, and if one part of the team leaves its composition, everything will stop, – the expert explained.
 
The interlocutor of the publication recalled that a year ago, Roscosmos announced Russia's plans to end its participation in the ISS program from 2025, but this does not mean that the extension of the contract is impossible. According to him, American specialists are interested in this extension.
 
The International Space Station, as Eismont noted, is a very successful project that all parties need, which means they will try to use its capabilities to the maximum. At the same time, the life of the ISS can be extended even beyond 2030. 
 
“A huge number of experiments are being carried out at the station. This is a unique building in which huge resources have been invested – intellectual and financial. It is included in the Guinness Book of Records as the most expensive object created by man, – the scientist summarized.
 
Read the interview with Natan Eismont, a leading researcher at IKI RAS, at AiF.ru.
 
Previously, the NASA astronaut spoke about the relationship between Americans and Russians on the ISS.

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Moon for everyone. Why it is not beneficial for anyone to withdraw from space agreements

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 17. The highlight of the program. How import substitution works and what Russia can do on its own 04/27/2022 Story Sanctions against Russia and Russia's retaliatory measures

Geopolitical battles have seriously affected the world astronautics. Contracts and joint projects have been suspended, launches have been stopped.

The United States and the European Union have imposed sanctions on the Russian space industry. In response, Roskosmos curtailed cooperation at the Kourou cosmodrome, canceled the launches of the British OneWeb satellites and doubts whether it is worth continuing joint work on the ISS. 

About how humanity will continue to explore outer space and whether everything will end with “star wars”, “AiF” talked to Nathan Eismont, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Leading Research Fellow of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

There will be no ISS without Russia

Dmitry Pisarenko, AiF: – Natan Andreyevich, which country will suffer the most from these mutual sanctions?

Nathan Eismont: – Space activities are inherently international. Now there are no exclusively American projects, just as there are no French or Russian ones. Why? Yes, because the best is taken from different countries for space research. Everything is done on a competitive basis. For example, an American rover surfs the expanses of Mars, and a Russian device is on board. He got there by competition – as the best in its class. And so it is in any direction of space activity.

Therefore, everyone will suffer. The point is that the results of the research are also used on a competitive basis. The data obtained (by the same rover) are sent to those who are better than others can process and interpret them for the benefit of science. Or take the ISS project. 14 countries participate in it. If the station ceases to exist, not only Russia and the United States, but the entire scientific world will suffer. 

Soyuz-Apollo Project (1975) had no scientific goals, only political ones. Photo nasa.gov

– By the way, about the ISS. A year ago, it was announced that we would withdraw from the project in 2025. What will happen to the station later and can we exit earlier, given the international situation?

– Without the participation of Russia, the station will not be able to function at all. The point is not that our cosmonauts have some special competencies or qualifications, but that there is a team working there that acts as a single entity. There is a certain distribution of functions, and if one part of the team leaves its composition, everything will stop.

Despite the fact that Russia announced its withdrawal from the ISS, this does not mean that the extension of the treaty is impossible. By the way, the Americans are asking for this extension – it is clear that they are interested in it. Yes, and so are we. You can get out, but we will hurt ourselves.

– Is it? In recent years, one can only hear that the station has exhausted its resource. Holes are found on it, then cracks.

– I think these incidents are deliberately dramatized. References to the fact that the resource of the ISS has been exhausted, in my opinion (and not only mine), are unconvincing. By promising to withdraw from the project, Roskosmos probably expects to achieve something from the Americans, to get something extra. These conversations are utilitarian.

There are examples showing how long a spacecraft can operate in Earth's orbit. Take the Hubble telescope, which made a breakthrough in astronomy and astrophysics. It has been in orbit since 1990, 8 years longer than the ISS. And is still in excellent condition – its service life has been extended until 2030. Or another example – orbital observatory “Integral”. Russian specialists are involved in this project. It was originally planned that the device would last 2.5 years. But this year marks 20 years since it flies, and all the experimenters are just happy with the results.

The same can be said about the ISS. A huge number of experiments are being carried out at the station. This is a very successful project, all parties are interested in it, and its capabilities should be used to the maximum. The life of the ISS has been extended many times and may be extended further beyond 2030. The station can be transferred to another mode of operation by raising its orbit. This is a unique building in which huge resources have been invested – intellectual and financial. Let me remind you that the ISS is included in the Guinness Book of Records as the most expensive object created by man. More than $150 billion has been spent on it. It is no less important that it is an instrument of international cooperation. Practice shows that it is very successfully implemented in space activities. At one time, Soyuz-Apollo became such a project. It was not needed from the point of view of science, but it helped in defusing international tension. The same political component, of course, is in the ISS project. It should not be ignored. 

What has accumulated on the moon?

– The launch of “Luna-25” is scheduled for August, which will land in the region of the South Pole of our satellite. Why are we returning to the Moon after 46 years?

– Previous expeditions to the Moon have answered many questions, but even more new ones have emerged. These are fundamental questions related to the origin of the Earth's satellite and its evolution. Imagine, among scientists there is still no consensus on how the Moon was formed. Our plans to return there are connected with the fact that we would like to get answers to these questions. Over the past decades, new devices and tools have appeared, so that the technological possibilities have increased greatly. In addition, the exploration of the Moon will help in the preparation of a future Martian expedition.

– Will it be possible to establish the extraction of valuable resources on the moon? There are calculations that one metallic asteroid that once fell on its surface is able to cover the needs of mankind in nickel for 2 thousand years, and in cobalt – 10 thousand years ahead.

– This is being talked about more and more, but it is still difficult to give a definite answer. The Earth is running out of rare-earth metals, and the Moon can indeed have a lot of them. But we do not know well what has accumulated there since its formation. For this, research is needed, sending new expeditions. It often happens that what seems completely unnecessary can then become very necessary and useful, and even an integral feature of human civilization. So it was with electricity. When it was discovered, no one assumed that it could have at least some applied value. And now we cannot imagine our life without it.

The same with the Moon. There is a fantastic offer – establish helium-3 production on the moon. This isotope is found in abundance in the lunar soil, and on Earth it can be used to carry out the thermonuclear fusion reaction, which is considered to be a source of cheap energy for the future. However, scientists have not yet succeeded in creating such a reactor; this is an unsolved scientific problem. Therefore, now it is impractical to extract lunar helium-3 (it is simply not needed), but it is possible that someday it will become the most valuable resource.

And most of all, they want to find water on the Moon. This is important both for fundamental science and for applied purposes – to organize future expeditions. Regarding the form in which water is contained on the Moon, there are also many ambiguities. & nbsp;

– Will it not turn out that in the future all countries will act separately in space? The Chinese will fly to the moon – they will stake out the plot, the Americans will land on Mars – They say it's their territory. So after all, before the "Star Wars" can get there.

– I hope there will be no wars and conflicts in space. But the issue of space law really worries many participants. So far, the approach is the same as in Antarctica: initially it is the property of all mankind. Nevertheless, questions have already been raised regarding the Moon. There were proposals to form teams of lawyers and discuss how to further develop the Moon so as not to harm each other.

Of course, this should be done now, because later, when conflicts arise, it will be too late. This can be done at the UN site, there is such an organization as COPUOS – Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. It functions successfully, and although disputes arise, they have so far managed to be resolved. Practice shows that it is unprofitable for all participants in space activities to withdraw from such agreements.

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Ivy Sole – East Lyrics

[verse 1]
Imma rap about how good I am at rapping cuz they told me to
Rap about how bullets make the metaphors real potent
Imma tell you how the bullets make the body into window
Shoot the breeze and shoot the fade and never keep the screens too open
If you ponder it, the trap is just a startup, just some product
And you catching cats or marta, even septa with the starter coat
Cold world but Imma show every single artichokes, the green is reason, and the rhyming and the resolve
When we solve a problem, it’s reaching to the root
And I’m undone, unraveling everything I took as truth
I took for granted living on the east with the hitters
All that hustle in the heartbeat, all that grinding through the grimace
If I could go back, I’d pen a love letter to idlewild
To rama road and harris and the wendy’s on independence
Where it was knocking if you bucking in the trenches til it’s finished
Where I saw that the beauty ain’t real without the grit up in it

[Chorus]
What you know about the east?
All I know is what I’ve seen
It ain’t nothing like the coast
If you know it how I know, you’ll see the forest through the trees

[verse 2]
See I ain’t east east
Just a Presby baby from the west
Went to middle school up north
And went southside for all the rest
You pressing luck and testing my patience asking if I’m from the fo’
If you ever had a question, now you got it from the go
Before the locs before the fro, it was lo on my chest
Spending summer on the pavement marched and played clarinet
See I balled for a minute, but I never got finished
Ambition had my mama driven she had to hit that reset
One semester deep, I started loving being Black
Then we moved again I chucked the deuce and that was that
But 07 was a year that I’ll never forget
Bumping Da Drought everyday in ISS
They gon say that I ain’t from there, and yes I guess that’s true
But I know the eastside like Ella knows the blues
It’s a part of me now, just like it hardened me then
They say you can’t know where you’re going if you don’t know where you been so

[Outro]
What you know about the east
I don’t know thing
I was there for 5 months 2 weeks and 3 days, all I know is what I’ve seen

What you know about the east
I’ll tell you what I left behind