In Iraq, the smell of a new hot spot: dozens of dead

Bloody clashes in Baghdad were triggered by the departure of a popular cleric from politics

Iraq is on the verge of a new bloody confrontation. Clashes in Baghdad, triggered by the departure of an influential Shiite cleric from politics, have resulted in deaths and further plunged the country into crisis. Let's try to figure out what is happening in the long-suffering Arab country and whether violence can flare up here again.

Photo: AP

At least 10 people were killed and more than 200 injured in clashes that broke out in the Iraqi capital on Monday, medical sources told CNN. Meanwhile, according to Al Jazeera, up to 30 supporters of the Shia leader al-Sadr were killed, and about 380 more were injured – some received bullet wounds, while others suffered from tear gas poisoning. On Tuesday, a mass funeral was held in the Shiite holy city of Najaf for some of the protesters killed in Baghdad.

Violence continued into Tuesday morning as four rockets landed on the heavily fortified “Baghdad Green Zone” that was once a stronghold of the United States military and is now home to Iraqi government offices and foreign embassies. Video footage shows militants firing RPGs and machine guns at armored vehicles.

UN Chief António Guterres on Monday called for “restraint” in Iraq and asked all parties to “take immediate steps to de-escalate the situation.”

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The bloodshed came after Iraqi Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr announced on Monday his “final retirement” from politics and said he was closing his political offices across the country. a gray-bearded preacher with millions of devoted followers who once led a militia against US and Iraqi government forces after the 2003 overthrow of President Saddam Hussein by the US occupiers announced his “final retirement” on Monday and said he “decided not to interfere into political affairs.”

This announcement prompted hundreds of Sadr's supporters to storm the Green Zone and seize the Republican Palace, where the Iraqi cabinet sits. Protesters were seen swimming in the palace pool and waving Iraqi flags while others clashed with government security forces.

Sporadic clashes have erupted in Baghdad between Iranian-backed militias and forces loyal to al-Sadr, who can count on the loyalty of up to 7 million Shiite Iraqis, The Guardian notes. For its part, Al Arabiya claims that clashes raged between Sadr's supporters and the army and fighters of Hashed al-Shaabi, former Tehran-backed paramilitaries integrated into Iraqi forces, Monday night and Tuesday morning.

But after a day of violence, al-Sadr on Tuesday ordered his supporters to leave the Green Zone and apologized to the Iraqi people.

“I walk with my head down and I apologize for the Iraqis, who are the only people who have suffered,” al-Sadr said at a press conference held on Tuesday in Najaf.

The video from Baghdad shows , as crowds of protesters leave the Green Zone after their leader's speech. Minutes later, the Iraqi military announced they would lift the nationwide curfew imposed on Monday.

Protests also erupted in Iraq's Shia-majority southern regions, with Sadr's supporters burning tires and blocking roads in the oil-rich Basra province, and hundreds of demonstrators gathered outside the governorate building in Missan. Acting Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Qadhimi imposed a curfew on most Iraqi cities, except the Kurdish north, from 7:30 pm.

Since the outbreak of violence in Baghdad, neighboring Iran has closed its borders with Iraq and canceled some flights bound for the Iraqi capital, Iranian state news agency IRNA reported. The Iranian embassy in Baghdad also asked Iranians currently in Iraq to refrain from traveling to the capital, as well as to the cities of Kadhimiya and Samarra, IRNA added.

Muktada al-Sadr is extremely popular in Iraq and throughout For many years he has positioned himself as a figure opposing both the United States and Iran, which have significant influence in Iraq.

According to The Guardian, al-Sadr, after 2003, was the main beneficiary of the system cemented during the American occupation of Iraq, and used it to strengthen his power over his followers and influence political life.

Despite the nominally friendly Attitudes towards Iran In the two decades since the ouster of President Saddam Hussein by American intervention, al-Sadr has increasingly challenged Tehran's influence on his country's politics.

Al-Sadr's nationalist rhetoric and proposed reform agenda resonate strongly with his supporters, who mostly come from the poorest sections of Iraqi society and have historically been excluded from the political system.

In October, al-Sadr's Shiite bloc became the most a big winner in an election that threatened to sideline the Iran-linked rival Shia factions that had long dominated the politics of the oil-rich country.

But despite electoral success, al-Sadr's attempts to form a government failed due to opposition from rival blocs, leaving Iraq stuck in a political stalemate. In a show of apparent strength, al-Sadr decided in June to order his entire political bloc to withdraw from parliament.

In July, the Coordinating Structure, the largest Shiite alliance in the Iraqi parliament, nominated Mohammed Shia al-Sudani for the presidency, which caused a wave of protests from supporters of al-Sadr. The coordination structure consists of various Shia groups, some of which are supported by Iran.

In July, Sadr urged his supporters to occupy parliament while calling for massive changes to the political system.

On Tuesday, Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Qadimi welcomed al-Sadr's call for his supporters to resign, saying that each has a “moral and national responsibility to protect Iraq's capabilities, stop the political and security escalation, and initiate a quick and fruitful dialogue to resolve the crisis.”

Meanwhile, some observers fear that protracted clashes will be a test of loyalty Iraqi military, which has a large number of Sadr supporters in its ranks.

Government Palace stormed in Baghdad: footage of violent protests

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Basurin called problems in the fight against artillery of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

“Kyiv terrorizes the civilian population using the weapons of the West”

Western supplies of weapons to Ukraine have led to increased shelling of the civilian population by the Armed Forces of Ukraine. This was stated by the head of the People's Militia Department of the Donetsk People's Republic, Eduard Basurin, who met with a group of Russian and foreign journalists in Donetsk. The MK correspondent asked the DPR representative his questions.

Photo: Sergey Valchenko

Basurin's meeting with journalists took place near the ruins of the Galaktika shopping center, which was hit by artillery of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on August 24. The center is located in the Lenisk district of Donetsk. Here they traded building materials and household goods. Three shells hit the mall directly. A huge fire started, which could not be extinguished. Against the background of what was left of the shopping center, a representative of the People's Militia answered the questions of journalists.

According to Basurin, every day the Armed Forces of Ukraine shell both the civilian sector and social facilities.

“The civilian population is terrorized every day,” he said. – The minimum amount of ammunition that is now produced in the cities of the DPR is from 300 to 500. Hurricanes, Grads, caliber 152 mm, 155 mm and 122 mm. Five civilians were injured yesterday. In previous days, there were 2-3 dead, from 10 to 15 wounded.

On average, in the republic, up to 50 houses are damaged every day as a result of shelling by the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Big trouble shelling cities with “Hurricanes”, which are stuffed with insidious “petal” mines.

– This is the “petal” of the first form of manufacture, – explained Basurin. – They don't have a self-destruct mode. These mines can lie for years, and nothing will happen to them. As a result of the detonation only on these mines, 58 civilians were injured, three of them children. The force of the explosion is such that an adult's leg is torn off. This weapon is inhuman. Now the Armed Forces of Ukraine are again starting to scatter them in large numbers.

According to Basurin, recommendations to the population about the “petals” have been made since 2014. The military, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Internal Affairs are engaged in this work. Posters and booklets are published. The meaning of the advice is simple: if you see an explosive object, do not touch it with your hands, report it to the appropriate authorities. They will come and do everything.

– But the impression – says Basurin – that our people are fearless. They themselves are trying. It is believed that this speeds up the demining process. I say again how dangerous this mine is: when pressed more than five kilograms, it detonates. There are only 40 grams of TNT, but it is enough to tear off a leg. I do not recommend.

According to Basurin, the filling of one “Hurricane” is 315 minutes. In Ukraine, there were 90 such missiles. More than 40 were released in Donbass. They launch not one at a time, but 2-3. Sometimes it is physically impossible to quickly neutralize them. Mine camouflage – green or sand. A lot of greenery, grass, it is impossible to find right away. Many mines get stuck in the crowns of trees and then fall from the wind. A man passed – no mine, after some time he passes the same way – a mine appears.

– I appeal to all residents, not only the DPR. These mines were scattered on the territory of the Russian Federation. Under no circumstances should you touch it. Mark the place with a sign and inform the authorities to come and destroy it. You don't have to do it yourself.

Basurin spoke about the operational situation in key sectors of the front. According to him, from Ugledar in the south of the DPR to Artemovsk (Bakhmut) in the north, “the process of demilitarization is underway.”

– This is the destruction of enemy manpower, warehouses and equipment. Yesterday, in the area of ​​the settlement of Kadema, in the area of ​​Artemovsk, the enemy launched counteroffensive actions. As a result of these actions, the enemy suffered losses – two tanks, up to thirty militants. The main hostilities are going around Donetsk – in the area of ​​Sand, Maryinka, Avdiivka, Ugledar, Gorlovka, New York (Novgorodtsevo), Zaitsev, Kadem, Artemovsk, Seversk.

A journalist from Denmark asked the following question: “There are the feeling that the allied forces of the Russian Federation, LPR and DPR are not having success on the battlefield. Why?”

To this, Basurin recalled that the troops had liberated a territory with a total area of ​​200 square kilometers in a month.

– Isn't that a success? The total number of liberated settlements in the DPR is 271. From the outside it seems that everything is done easily and quickly. But in life everything is much more complicated. For example, from a military point of view, it is believed that during offensive operations, the side that conducts them should have a superiority in manpower from 3.5 to five times. In our country, offensive operations take place at a ratio to the enemy – less than one. We are already creating military history. There is a delay in this.

In addition, the colonel noted, Ukraine is trying in every possible way to use the civilian population as a shield.

– For eight years they created a large fortified area, deeply echeloned, it is known about three echelons. but they keep getting stronger. The same Sands, the same Maryinka. Why is it hard? Because every house is a fortified area. They dug up everything with trenches, concreted everything, many trenches were closed from above with camouflage nets, it is not even clear where they are. Therefore, there are problems with this.

Another factor, according to Basurin, is the large amount of long-range weapons supplied to Ukraine. It is often impossible to immediately destroy it, because the range is very long. For example, 155 mm NATO caliber guns with special ammunition can fire at a distance of up to 57 kilometers.

– We do not always have the weapons with which we can destroy such artillery in counter-battery combat, including Hamers “. This imposes certain problems on the speed of progress. But, believe me, he is a stubborn Russian man. If he said he would be there, he would be there. I would like it to be faster, but this is not always possible.

Basurin explained that it is the supply of Western weapons that helps the armed formations of Ukraine shell the cities of Donbass.

– Eight years in Donetsk, people were theoretically endangered every day, but there were areas where there had never been shelling. Now all areas of Donetsk, Gorlovka, Makeevka are being shelled. The distance from the front line to the points where people live is more than 50 kilometers. A person, if he goes out into the street, he has no confidence anywhere in the city that he may not fly there.

All this began to happen after Ukraine began to receive heavy weapons according to NATO standards. Previously, Ukraine did not have such an opportunity. Now she has it.

According to Basurin, Soviet-designed 152-mm artillery systems, which are in service with the Armed Forces of Ukraine, fire at a distance of up to 30 kilometers. Now, with artillery of NATO caliber 155 mm, depending on the type of howitzers and ammunition, the firing range is 45-57 kilometers. The American HIMARS system, with the type of missiles that are delivered, can reach up to 70 kilometers.

– If the missiles are more advanced, then the range will be 150-300 kilometers. I can say with confidence that a missile has been delivered to Ukraine that can fly at a distance of 150 kilometers

When asked what to do to stop the shelling, Basurin joked:

– If I were a purely religious person, I would say: you need to pray. Since I am a military man, I can say that we need to make every effort and use the means that we have in service and in service with the Russian army. This is reconnaissance, additional reconnaissance and the destruction of warehouses, logistics, the artillery systems themselves, both barrel and jet. No other way.

At the same time, according to Basurin, the amount of ammunition fired by the enemy is decreasing. This suggests that we are destroying warehouses, these artillery systems.

Another question from a foreign journalist nearly pissed off Basurin. He asked if there were many people in the DPR who were ready to make peace under any conditions.

– You said under what conditions? If a person has a concept of honor and dignity, he will not agree to any conditions. You don't want to be a slave, do you? Or do you want to?

– No, but I also want to live, – was the answer.

– That's when you yourself and determine – you are a slave or a man. Each person chooses the concept of who he wants to be in this life. From a military point of view, the war will end when the enemy signs a surrender. If we are talking about hostilities.

Journalists were interested in how the current situation, after the start of the special operation, differs from the one in 2014.

– In 2014, people initially did not understood what was happening and how to protect themselves, – said Basurin. – Now they understand. But for eight years they are physically and mentally tired, and the realization that they can fly to any point in the city leaves a certain imprint on their actions. I think people are tired and more afraid than in 2014. Then they did not fully understand what was happening, now they do.

Ukraine, according to Basurin, by shelling civilians, conducts ordinary terror against residents in order to disrupt the lives of the civilian population

– The situation is more complicated. Because the weapons that are supplied to Ukraine contribute to the fact that terror against the civilian population has intensified. And there is always hope. If there is no hope, then there will be no faith, there will be no faith – what do we live for?

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Denis Pushilin named a means to combat the shelling of Donetsk

“The Kyiv regime is ready to commit any crime”

It is possible to stop the barbaric shelling of residential areas of Donetsk and other cities of the DPR only by pushing Ukrainian troops to a safe distance, from where Kyiv's artillery cannot reach territory of the republic. This was stated by the head of the DPR Denis Pushilin, who on August 30 met with a group of Russian and foreign journalists. The MK correspondent also asked the head of the LPR his questions.

Photo: Sergey Valchenko

According to Pushilin, the enemy continues shelling residential areas, social facilities in Donetsk, Horlivka, Makiivka.

-Zelensky continues to increase the number of war crimes, Pushilin said. – He continues to give orders for the destruction of the civilian population.

In this row, according to him, are the shelling of Kherson and the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. Kyiv stops at nothing, and this causes serious concern.

– Our units are moving quite successfully, not as fast as we would like, – said Pushilin. – This is the Artemovsk direction, towards Avdeevka, Maryinka, Vugledar. Our task is to move the enemy as quickly as possible and with minimal losses to the distance when he will not be able to strike at the territory of the DPR.

To the clarifying question of how far the enemy should be pushed back, Denis Pushili said:

– At least 70 kilometers, taking into account the weapons that they have at the moment. It's minimum. Now information is coming in that the Americans are ready to supply weapons that can shoot at a distance of 300 kilometers. Accordingly, this will not leave us any chance not to push back to this distance. The stronger, long-range weapons the Ukrainian regime has, the more we will have to push Ukrainian armed formations away from our cities and regions.

Pushilin answered journalists' questions against the backdrop of the Tsentralnaya Hotel, which was recently shelled by the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

“There is no military infrastructure around us, this is a hotel where journalists and civilians live, among other things,” Pushilin said. – The shelling had no military expediency. This is a desire on the part of the Ukrainian regime to create panic among the civilian population so that people cannot feel safe.

We are used to barbaric, cynical actions on the part of the Ukrainian regime, and this once again confirms the correctness of our choice, made in 2014.

Pushili recalled that the cities and towns of the DPR did not begin to shell now. They were shelled for all eight years. A large number of dead, wounded, including children.

“Undoubtedly, a special military operation for us, in fact, means a liberation operation and the end of the war,” said the head of the DPR. – A special military operation helped prevent the transition to the active phase, when the Ukrainian regime planned to clean up the territory of the DPR. In this case, the number of victims would be hundreds of thousands.

According to Pushilin, it is necessary to use the capabilities that the allied forces have in order to move the enemy away from the territory of the DPR as quickly as possible.

For now there is a threat of shelling. Because of this, from September 1, it was decided to cancel full-time education in a number of schools and universities.

– Over the past eight years, we have also had a negative experience. The enemy also shelled schools in 2014 when the educational process and even the time of the rulers were going on. We must be guided, first of all, by the safety of children. Therefore, it was decided that we would have a combined approach. Those schools that are at a sufficient or relatively sufficient safety distance will study in person. There are about 250 such schools in the DPR. The rest of the 586 schools, until we push the enemy back, will study remotely. Universities, since they are all located in dangerous locations, the enemy has the opportunity to fire at them while they study remotely. In Donetsk, almost all schools will teach remotely, and only about five schools will teach in person.

Pushilin did not rule out that Kyiv could interfere with the arrival of the IAEA mission to the Zaporozhye NPP, “so that the inspectors do not had the opportunity to stop what is happening now.”

– Now the Ukrainian regime is insane. I wouldn't rule out anything that could go. Of course, this would be an invalid edge.

Pushilin said what is being done to prevent an accident at the Avdeevka Koksokhim plant, which could lead to an environmental disaster. Avdiivka is still under the control of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

– We are closely monitoring and taking all possible actions on our part to prevent a catastrophe associated with an accident or deliberate sabotage by Ukrainian armed forces. At the moment, his work is suspended. Further, serious enough operational work is carried out so that the enemy does not have the opportunity to commit, in fact, a terrorist act. Next, not the first. According to the latest information, the enemy uses the infrastructure that is located at the plant for shelter.

Pushilin told the preparations for the tribunal over neo-Nazi war criminals.

– Almost everything is ready. We rely on the investigating authorities, which will immediately give the go-ahead when they have all the material ready so that the tribunal can be held in accordance with all international standards. It is important for us now to realize that this is very soon.

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Deputy Morozov: I hope Gorbachev repented in recent days

People's choice considered the time of Gorbachev's departure mystical

Deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation from United Russia Oleg Morozov commented on the information that ex- USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev.

Photo by AGN “Moskva”

The deputy admitted that he knew the politician personally and communicated with him , RIA Novosti reports.

“If repentance was with him in recent days, it means that he left … with good in his heart. I want to believe in this, since I knew this person,” said Morozov.

He also drew attention to the fact that Gorbachev died during a special operation of the Russian Federation in Ukraine.

“There is a mystical coincidence in this … He – voluntary or involuntary – but one of co-authors of that unjust world order with which our warriors they fight for an hour on the battlefield,” the deputy said about Gorbachev.

Mikhail Gorbachev's life in photographs: the CPSU, Raisa, perestroika and resignation

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The world created by Gorbachev: the reality of 2022 is still the result of his rule

“He did a lot. And he failed a lot”

The man is a legend. Epoch man. The man who changed the course of history – in relation to the deceased Mikhail Gorbachev, even such epithets look like a hopeless understatement. “We all came out of Gogol's greatcoat,” Fyodor Dostoevsky once said (or, they say, he said). But it was a long time ago. And the modern world came out of “Gorbachev's overcoat” – or, rather, from his strict business suit of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Mikhail Gorbachev with members of the Politburo March 7, 1985 at a concert at the Bolshoi Theater dedicated to International Women's Day. Chernenko will die in three days, soon Gorbachev will become General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU Photo: AP

Euphoria, a sense of liberation, a foretaste of a truly joyful and bright future – this is Gorbachev. The unexpected collapse and disintegration of a great power, empty store shelves, huge queues, the prospect of devastation and famine – this is also Gorbachev.

And one should not think that the significance of the accomplishments, breakthroughs, failures and failures of the first and last president of the USSR is a thing of the past. What happened on February 24, 2022 is, in a sense, also Gorbachev. It only seemed that the Soviet Union collapsed in December 1991. As it turned out now, this process of decay did not stop – it turned out to be partly creeping, partly hidden. But this year, the accumulated negative political energy broke out. And the question of what would happen if someone else, and Mikhail Gorbachev, who had not lost his political effectiveness by that time, was at the head of the project to save the USSR, suddenly became amazingly topical.

Do I remember the principle: either good things about the deceased, or nothing? Of course, I remember – especially since there are very, very many good things to be said about Mikhail Sergeyevich.

Most politicians are cynics. Gorbachev always remained an idealist and a romantic – first a romantic of Leninism, then of socialism with a human face. Or did these two concepts remain synonymous in Gorbachev's mind until the collapse of the USSR?

It so happened that in the past weeks I have read or re-read several memoirs or analytical works about the Gorbachev era. And this amazing image was deposited in my memory. 1991 Among serious politicians, almost no one considers Lenin their reference point. And the president of the USSR is frantically trying to unravel the tangle of modern political problems – the prospect of the collapse of the Union, competition from Yeltsin, the economy falling into the abyss – looking for inspiration, clues and the right ideas in the writings of the founder of the Soviet state.

Doesn't this sound very pragmatic? Not only does it look – it's not (correct: it wasn't) pragmatic. In terms of apparatus intrigues and maneuvers, in terms of political tactics, Gorbachev was a very skillful practical politician. But first of all, he was a man of big, global, even universal ideas.

The tragedy of both Gorbachev himself and the country he headed was that the practical and pragmatic content of his ideas often (I can’t pretend – almost always) frankly limped. Anti-alcohol campaign: conceived from the purest and noblest of motives. Result: failure. Reforming the Soviet economy: the same. Reforming the political framework of the Soviet state: the same thing again.

Of course, Gorbachev managed to end the Cold War and reconcile Moscow with the countries of the West. If I had written these lines 20 years ago, this could be the end of it. But history continued to flow. And this achievement of Mikhail Gorbachev no longer looks so indisputable.

Applauding the last Soviet leader, the West gladly accepted his unilateral concessions and gave nothing in return (“if you don’t know how to play political poker, then don’t sit down at the table with experienced players!”) The Cold War resumed with renewed vigor — in its more dangerous and much more tragic for the former USSR version. And the roots of this turn of events — sorry, you can’t erase the words from the song — were buried, including during Gorbachev’s rule.

Bush, Gorbachev and Reagan in New York, 1988 Photo: AP

Gorbachev also gave us freedom – as a journalist, as a representative of a profession that has gained immeasurably much, one might even say, gained wings as a result of the reforms of the last Secretary General, I write these lines without any irony.

But here is what else needs to be added here. Mikhail Sergeevich's colleague in the club of world leaders of the 80s of the last century, Deng Xiaoping, did not “give the Chinese freedom.” On the other hand, he managed to raise the economy of his country, launch the mechanism of economic reforms in the PRC.

Gorbachev was disgusted by the very idea that the state sometimes needed to use force. Deng Xiaoping used force without hesitation: he was not afraid of the victims and drowned the anti-government demonstrations on Beijing's main square Tiananmen in 1989 in blood. Thirty years later: the Chinese state is strong and united. And two once very close to each other republics of the former USSR are locked in a bitter conflict.

And no, I am not trying to belittle the political legacy of Mikhail Gorbachev, to burden him with the sins, mistakes and miscalculations of other leaders – both those who ruled before him and those who came to power after him. I'm just showing how complicated, confusing and ambiguous everything is.

One has to write about leaders of the scale of Mikhail Gorbachev in exactly this way, in the spirit of the full version of the phrase with which I began this text – “About the dead, it's either good, or nothing but the truth.” True, justice – for Gorbachev, as I said, these concepts were not abstractions. He sincerely wanted to do what was best. He did a lot. And he failed a lot.

I feel the pain of Gorbachev's departure. Mikhail Sergeevich is my childhood. Childhood – both in terms of age, and in terms of the time when you still believe in miracles. In 2022, I no longer believe in miracles, as well as in political romance. Reality, as you know, is not at all conducive to such a belief.

It is symbolic that it was in this year that Mikhail Gorbachev, a political giant and a politician who failed, passed away. Gorbachev left, but the world he created remained. I hope that this world still has a bright future. This would definitely be the best monument for Gorbachev.

Mikhail Gorbachev's life in photographs: the CPSU, Raisa, perestroika and resignation

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Zelensky recorded a video with threats to the Russian military in Ukraine

The President of Ukraine said that every Russian soldier who takes part in a special military operation will feel the “Ukrainian response”.

Photo: Global Look Press

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said on social media that every Russian soldier participating in a special military operation will feel a “Ukrainian response”.

According to the Ukrainian leader, at present At the moment, the country’s intelligence is actively working and doing everything possible to ensure that “every Russian military feels the Ukrainian response.”

According to Zelensky, soon the Russian army will not have more than one safe base from Crimea to the Kharkiv region.< /p>

“The Armed Forces of Ukraine will destroy enemy equipment and military depots. This is Ukrainian land and Russian soldiers are left with two options – to surrender or flee. We will leave them no other options,” Zelensky added.

Recall that Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Olha Stefanishyna said earlier that Kyiv may be able to join the North Atlantic Alliance even before the end of the Russian special operation.

Источник www.mk.ru

US general urges US authorities to allow Ukraine to attack Russian territory

Retired American Brigadier General Mark Arnold told Channel 24 that NATO and the US should give Kyiv weapons to strike deep into Russia and allow such attacks.

Photo: pixabay.com

Retired American brigadier general Mark Arnold, in an interview with Channel 24, said that NATO and the United States should give Kyiv weapons to strike deep into Russia and allow such attacks.

According to him, the requirement of Western countries for Ukraine not to use weapons received from allies against Moscow is a “big strategic mistake.”

“White House officials and their allies should provide the Kyiv regime with weapons capable of delivering strikes on Russian territory. Now I'm not talking about Crimea. NATO and the United States say: “Do not strike at the territory of Russia”. I think that such words are stupid,” Arnold said.

He clarified that in order to achieve their goals, the Armed Forces need to attack objects that “located hundreds of kilometers inland of Russia.”

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RIA Novosti: the detained Ukrainian gunners transmitted the coordinates of objects around the ZNPP to the Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ukrainian gunners, who were detained this month in Energodar, said that they transmitted the coordinates of objects located around the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to the Ukrainian military.

Zaporozhye NPP. Photo: Global Look Press

Ukrainian gunners, who were detained this month in Energodar, said that they were transmitting the coordinates of objects located around the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant to the Ukrainian military. This will be reported to RIA Novosti.

It is specified that they transmitted information about the training center, military vehicles and the pool of the cooling system of the nuclear power plant.

According to one of the detainees, who worked at Zaporizhzhya NPP as a security guard, he transmitted data to the Armed Forces of Ukraine about the objects located around the plant, since he did not have access to the inside. He added that he was persuaded to transfer data to the Ukrainian military by an acquaintance who was in the territory controlled by the Kyiv regime.

As the second detainee clarified, he sent the information received from him to a special Telegram bot.

Источник www.mk.ru

The State Duma proposed to give the NWO in Ukraine a new status

State Duma deputy from the Crimean region Mikhail Sheremet said that the special military operation in Ukraine should be given the status of counter-terrorist.

Photo . Among other things, the actions of representatives of the Kyiv regime, including the destruction of their own population, the shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant and peaceful cities, are criminal.

“I believe that the nature of the SVO in Ukraine needs to be changed. This is not just a special, but a counter-terrorist operation,” Sheremet said.

He specified that the current Kyiv regime is a threat to the entire civilized world.

Источник www.mk.ru

Russian special operation in Ukraine: online broadcast on August 31

Reports of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, testimonies of correspondents, world reaction

MK is broadcasting events around Ukraine online on August 31, 2022. The 189th day of the special operation is underway. In Moscow, the first president of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, who was most directly related to the collapse of the Soviet Union, died. Participants of the IAEA mission went to the ZNPP in Energodar. According to Volodymyr Zelensky, Kyiv wants the IAEA team to help achieve the “demilitarization” of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. In the DPR, shelling by the Armed Forces of Ukraine continues. Donetsk and Gorlovka have already come under fire. Read online of the previous, 188th day of the special operation here.

Photo: Donetsk News Agency

12:58 And the Russian Armed Forces also destroyed most of the tanks deployed by Poland to Ukraine across the Ingulets River. According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, of the 12 delivered tanks, several were blown up in their minefield during a disorderly withdrawal. Only five of them managed to escape.

12:55 The Russian Defense Ministry held a new briefing. According to the agency, on August 30, Kyiv continued provocations aimed at disrupting the IAEA mission at the ZNPP. Thus, one of the shells of the Armed Forces of Ukraine during the shelling of the ZNPP territory hit the building of the radioactive waste processing complex.

In addition, Russian troops destroyed over 1,700 Ukrainian servicemen in two days. The Armed Forces of Ukraine suffered significant losses when trying to attack in the areas of the settlements of Arkhangelskoye, Olgino and Ternovye Pody.

The battalion of the 57th Motorized Infantry Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was defeated. The destruction of its remains is being completed. In addition, the Russian Armed Forces destroyed more than 40 Ukrainian soldiers with a strike on the command post and ammunition depot of the Armed Forces of Ukraine near Karlovka, DPR.

It is reported that Russian air defense shot down seven Ukrainian UAVs, intercepted 57 shells of the HIMARS MLRS, Alder and "Hurricane". And the Russian Armed Forces hit ten command posts of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the Kherson, Dnipropetrovsk regions and the DPR in a day. Ukrainian troops lost four combat aircraft and three helicopters in two days of unsuccessful attacks. In addition, the Russian Armed Forces destroyed three depots of missile and artillery weapons in the Kharkiv region and the DPR.

Also, the Russian Aerospace Forces eliminated up to 50 nationalists by striking at the point of temporary deployment of units of the Armed Forces brigade in the Druzhkovka area.

12:42 Pushilin said that part of the missiles for the Himars MLRS with a range of up to 300 kilometers have already been delivered to the territory of Ukraine, the allied forces are trying to destroy them.

12:36 < /strong>The Austrian authorities are ready to consider compromises on visa restrictions for Russians. In particular, we are talking about the suspension of the visa facilitation agreement.

12:28 The IAEA mission is already queuing at the checkpoint in the territory controlled by Kyiv. The authorities of Zaporizhia said this. Earlier it was noted that the delegation could arrive at the ZNPP only in the morning, September 1.

12:25 Dmitry Peskov said that Ankara's position on Crimea does not interfere with cooperation between the two countries. Earlier, Turkish President Recep Erdogan said that according to international law, the peninsula should be returned to Ukraine.

12:12 Dmitry Peskov said that Mikhail Gorbachev's romanticism about peace between the West and Russia is not justified. As it turned out, no “honey age” did not happen. At the educational marathon "Knowledge" he pointed to Gorbachev's impetus for the end of the Cold War. However, “the bloodthirstiness of our opponents has shown itself,” Peskov added.

12:00 Dmitry Peskov spoke about possible EU visa restrictions. According to him, there is nothing good in this, their people will also face inconvenience when they come to Russia.

11:50 Explosions thundered in Kherson. The Russian air defense system is believed to have launched about ten missiles, TASS reports.

11:36 Vladimir Putin expressed his condolences on the death of Gorbachev. the Russian leader noted that the first president of the USSR was a politician and statesman who had a huge impact on the course of world history.

Putin, in condolences, also emphasized his humanitarian, charitable and educational activities.

< strong>11:18 Kremlin Speaker Dmitry Peskov said that the format of Putin's participation at the G20 summit has not yet been determined. On the sidelines of the WEF, he will hold a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council for Tourism.

11:10 The head of the State Administration of the Zaporozhye region said that the IAEA mission would not receive special passes for the liberated part of the region. This means that they will have to stand in line.

10:50 The Luxembourg Foreign Minister claims that new sanctions against Russia cannot be imposed forever. They are sure that someday it is necessary to switch to diplomacy, but its time has not yet come.

10:39 Ukrainian kamikaze drone was shot down by the Russian military near the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant . According to RIA Novosti, this is supposedly a Polish-made Warmate drone.

10:20 Russian actress Kristina Asmus has been charged with discrediting the Russian army. She is currently facing a $50,000 fine. Details not disclosed.

10:16 Borrell said EU countries should reach an agreement on a possible ban on Russian tourist visas in Prague on August 31.

9:56 A member of the State Administration of the Zaporozhye region, Rogov, said that the local authorities are ready to ensure the safety of the IAEA mission at the ZNPP, despite increased shelling from the Armed Forces of Ukraine. According to him, the issue of demilitarization of the zone around the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is not within the competence of the IAEA mission.

9:40 Maria Zakharova said that Russia does not aim to split Europe. On Sputnik radio, she noted that “if we are aimed at anything, it is to return common sense to international relations.”

9:28 Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine hit the administration of Energodar with a kamikaze drone, RIA Novosti reports. As the authorities of the city noted, in total, before the visit of the IAEA mission, the city was subjected to more than 60 strikes in a day.

9:16 US scientists monitor radiation indicators from sensors at the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant (ZNPP) in Energodar. So far, they have not recorded “elevated or abnormal levels of radiation”, as reported by the newspaper Politico, citing an unnamed representative of the US Department of Defense.

9:10 Gas supply via Nord Stream terminated, according to Gazprom. As early as Wednesday, planned work on the gas pumping unit begins.

The official representative of the UN Secretary General, Stéphane Dujarric, said that the second ship, chartered by the World Food Program, left the Ukrainian port of Yuzhny, which will deliver wheat for the WFP humanitarian operation in Yemen.

As the head of the new administration of the Balitsky region said, the program of the IAEA mission to the nuclear power plant in Energodar is designed for one day. "They have to see the operation of the station in one day. Those elements that they say can be seen in the process. So far, it has been announced – “to get acquainted with the work of the station,” he said.

On August 31, the Foreign Ministers of the EU countries will touch upon visa restrictions for Russia. It was reported that the European Union is considering the idea of ​​excluding Russian citizens under the age of 25 from any visa restrictions. And the head of the French Foreign Ministry, Catherine Colonna, noted that on the issue of visas, it is necessary to separate those involved in the conflict in Ukraine from ordinary citizens.

Dmitry Peskov has already called the possible introduction of a ban on the issuance of Schengen visas to Russians crazy. According to him, Russia in this case will give an answer that will “best suit its interests.” And Dmitry Medvedev called for a faster ban on Schengen for Russians. “Finally, everyone will finally be convinced of how Europe treats the citizens of Russia,” he pointed out.

Источник www.mk.ru

“Ukraine is not Luxembourg”: Scholz spoke about the expansion of the European Union

German Chancellor calls for EU reform from within

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz proposes a major enlargement of the European Union, but with accompanying reform. To expand the EU, Brussels must first change, the head of the German government believes.

Photo: Global Look Press

The European Union must to expand significantly, but first it must make fundamental reforms so that the enlarged bloc can still function, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said recently.

During an hour-long speech at Charles University in Prague, Scholz laid out his vision for the EU's future — one that would absorb up to nine new members in its eastern fringes, expand its visa-free zone, and overhaul major decisions on everything from foreign policy to taxation.

Scholz's presentation, which largely included the ideas he had previously promoted, came at a pivotal moment for the EU. Conflict continues in Ukraine, and an energy and inflationary crisis looms in Europe, which makes many worry about disagreements in the European Union, Politico notes.

In particular, Scholz supported EU membership of the Western Balkan countries, as well as Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. He also claimed that EU members Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria meet the criteria for admission to Europe's Schengen area, which allows easy and visa-free travel between its countries.

“But a Union with 30 or even 36 member states will be different from our current Union — the center of Europe will shift to the east, — recognized by the chancellor. – Ukraine — this is not Luxembourg.

Such enlargement would potentially add tens of millions of people to the EU's population and threaten to complicate the EU's already confusing and consensus-based decision-making process.

This means, Scholz said, that discussion of reforms “cannot be ignored.” For a start, he insisted, the EU must abandon the requirement for unanimity in many key decisions, not only on foreign policy and taxes, but also on how countries like Hungary and Poland are held accountable for a potential retreat from democracy.

Scholz argued that the European Parliament should also not exceed its current size of 751 members — the number set in the EU treaties. He rejected the idea of ​​”bloat” the size of this body by simply adding MEPs in the case of a new country joining.

The EU must also be wary of how the bloc's executive branch, the European Commission, will react to enlargement. Currently, the Commission has 27 authorized — as many as there are countries in the EU, — each of which oversees one political portfolio. Scholz said that it would be “Kafkaesque” continue to add new policy portfolios each time a new country joins. Instead, he argued, the EU could move to have two commissioners in charge of one area — for example farming or fishing.

Separately, Scholz also supported the idea of ​​French President Emmanuel Macron to create a “European political community” that would exist separately from the EU and be open to both EU applicants and the UK after Brexit.

The German chancellor said that the forum could contribute to “a regular exchange of views at the political level” hellip; where we, as leaders of the EU, and our European partners can discuss once or twice a year the main issues affecting our continent as a whole.

Since the beginning of the Ukrainian conflict in February,  with the delivery of aid to Ukraine, despite the fact that the country adopted the “historic” decision to send weapons to Kyiv. The conflict also drew attention to Germany's long-standing dependence on Russian gas, which has led to a sharp increase in energy prices in the country.

During his speech, Scholz touched on these issues.

Regarding assistance to Ukraine, the chancellor said that he could “imagine, for example, that Germany would take on special responsibility for the creation of Ukrainian artillery and air defense”, adding, that Germany has just signed another arms shipment to Ukraine worth 600 million euros.

And he reiterated that moving away from fossil fuels gave Europe the chance to become a world leader in the technologies needed to achieve climate neutrality. He called for “a true internal energy market that supplies Europe with hydropower from the north, wind from the coast and solar power from the south.” Scholz also outlined the vision for a “European hydrogen network connecting producers and consumers.”

The EU must also update its immigration laws, the German leader said, taking a step to expand legal immigration amid a shortage of skilled workers. “We need immigration — we are now faced with the fact that in our airports, in our hospitals and in many companies we lack qualified workers in every nook and cranny, — Scholz said.

However, immigration has long been a concern for EU countries, and the bloc rarely manages to reach consensus on any part of the topic, Politico stresses.

Another issue that has also baffled the EU is how to control members who deviate from democratic norms, including an independent judiciary, financial transparency, a free press, and gay rights.

Towards the end of his speech, Scholz said he was concerned that “illiberal democracy is being talked about in the center of Europe as if it were not an oxymoron,” hinting at the shortcomings of the rule of law in Hungary and Poland.

Scholz said that the majority wants the EU to uphold democratic values, but the bloc's rules prevent it from doing so. He referred to the EU Article 7 clause, a procedure designed to potentially disenfranchise wayward countries in the EU, but which has stalled with Hungary and Poland.

“Among the — rule of law procedure in accordance with Article 7 — and here we must move away from the possibility of a blockade, », — said the chancellor, adding that financial pressure could be another tool.

“It makes sense to me to permanently tie payments to rule of law standards,” — said Scholz.

Источник www.mk.ru

Leonkov called the true reason for the imitation of the offensive of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the Kherson direction

It was a diversion

Two days ago, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the Armed Forces of Ukraine had attempted an offensive in the Kherson region, as a result of which, according to the department, the Ukrainian side suffered significant losses, among which 20 tanks and more than 500 troops. At the same time, military expert Alexei Leonkov is convinced that in fact the actions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were only an imitation of an offensive, and the real attack would take place elsewhere.

Photo: Global Look Press

On Channel One, Leonkov explained that there was only a kind of imitation of an offensive from Ukraine, since it was carried out separately by three battalion tactical groups. As the expert noted, their task was to break through the line of contact and enter the operational space.

According to the expert, none of these groups managed to achieve their goal, which is why the Armed Forces of Ukraine suffered significant losses. Leonkov believes that if the Ukrainian side really wanted to make a serious breakthrough, then they would have simulated a fire defeat on the positions of the Russian Armed Forces, and all combat groups would have united.

According to the expert, Kyiv plans to strike the main blow in another place. Leonkov added that up to 50% of the success of their plan would depend on surprise.

See also:The State Duma proposed to give the NWO in Ukraine a new status

Источник www.mk.ru

Daughter and granddaughters of Gorbachev will attend the ceremony of farewell to him – media

Story Mikhail Gorbachev dies

The daughter and granddaughters of the first president of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev will attend the farewell ceremony for him, writes RIA Novosti.

According to the agency's source, the politician's daughter Irina Virganskaya  is now in Moscow. His granddaughters Anastasia and Ksenia will also attend the funeral.

The ex-president of the Soviet Union died at the age of 92 in Moscow on Tuesday, August 30th. Death came after a severe and prolonged illness.

Farewell to Gorbachev will take place on Saturday, September 3rd. On the same day, the former president of the USSR will be buried at the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow.

Earlier, the press secretary of the head of the Russian Federation, Dmitry Peskov, commented on the issue of perpetuating the memory of the first president of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev. According to the official representative of the Kremlin, such a decision can be made by the President of Russia or the city authorities.

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Источник aif.ru

Commemorations on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana

August 31 marks the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana. She was called the “queen of people's hearts”, in the UK Lady Dee has always been considered the most popular member of the royal family. How in Great Britain and France honored the memory of Princess Diana — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © www.globallookpress.com/Mark Thomas/Keystone Press Agency/Global Look Press

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Flowers in memory of Princess Diana at the gates of her former residence at Kensington Palace © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the sculpture “Flame of Liberty” near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © www.globallookpress.com/Mark Thomas/Keystone Press Agency/Global Look Press

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the sculpture “Flame of Liberty” near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the Flame of Liberty sculpture near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the sculpture “Flame of Liberty” near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © www.globallookpress.com/Mark Thomas/Keystone Press Agency/Global Look Press

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Flowers in memory of Princess Diana at the gates of her former residence at Kensington Palace © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the Flame of Liberty sculpture near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © www.globallookpress.com/Mark Thomas/Keystone Press Agency/Global Look Press

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the sculpture “Flame of Liberty” near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the sculpture “Flame of Liberty” near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

A spontaneous memorial in honor of Princess Diana at the sculpture “Flame of Liberty” near the Alma Bridge in Paris. © Reuters/Sarah Meyssonnier/Reuters

Commemorative events near Kensington Palace in London on the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana © Reuters/Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Источник aif.ru

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation called on the UN to take measures so that the Armed Forces of Ukraine did not fire at schools

The United Nations and the world community need to influence the Kyiv regime so that it does not give orders to shell schools. This was stated by the Russian Ministry of Defense.

On the eve of the Day of Knowledge, the department issued a statement that the Armed Forces of Ukraine were shelling civilian infrastructure. The fire is directed at schools, hospitals and kindergartens in the Donbass and in the liberated territories.

It is noted that the long-range weapons supplied by the United States with the EU countries have significantly expanded the capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in shelling civilian targets.

The ministry said that such actions of Kyiv are criminal, urgent measures must be taken to prevent the shelling of schools and the death of children.

Earlier it was reported that the Armed Forces of Ukraine attacked the Makeevka penal colony, as a result of which injuries were received three convicts.

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Terms of issuing visas to individual EU countries will not change – expert

The terms for issuing visas to Russians in certain European countries are unlikely to change much even after the abolition of the simplified visa regime. Sergei Fedorov, a leading researcher at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, stated this to aif.ru.

“The price of visas will, of course, increase, and as for everything else, I think the terms for consideration of the same Greek visas are unlikely whether they will change a lot. The same can be said about other countries that were against tightening,” the expert said.

According to him, countries where there are usually a lot of Russian tourists – Greece, Cyprus, Italy – opposed the restrictions.

Earlier, the press service of the Association of Tour Operators of Russia reported that the terms for obtaining Schengen visas by Russians could increase up to six months due to the suspension of the EU visa facilitation agreement with the Russian Federation.

August 31, EU diplomat Josep Borrell said that the EU countries, following a meeting of foreign ministers, decided to freeze the visa facilitation agreement with Russia. According to him, this was done “for the sake of the security of the countries neighboring the Russian Federation.”

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What threatens a child for using a mobile phone at school?

Expert Response 0 + –

At top news today is an suggestion that mobile phones will be banned in schools from 1 September 1st. And what threatens a schoolchild who dares to get a phone in a school building? jpg” height=”120″ width=”100″ style=”display: block;” />

Of course nothing. Head of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation Sergey Kravtsovduring the all-Russian parent meeting, he noted that in accordance with the new sanitary rules, mobile phones are not allowed to be used in the lessons from this academic year. This provision was developed back in the spring and just from the current academic year comes into force.

However, as explained by aif.ruscientific director of the Institute of Complex Problems of Hygiene, Federal Research Center for Hygiene named after Erisman Rospotrebnadzor Vladislav Kuchma, according to the new rules of SanPin, smartphones in schools are prohibited for learning, and not at all for use by schoolchildren for personal purposes. The child certainly has the right to be in communication with parents. "No one forbids and no can can forbid a student to use the phone to communicate, communicate with parents. But when the phone becomes the main means of communication and learning, it is very bad for the health of children — vision, musculoskeletal system" — the expert explains. 

What exactly do the new rules imply? What turned out to be banned?

“This means reading, searching for information, any other educational activity, — says Vladislav Kuchma. — The reason is the fact that the screen sizes of mobile phones, even the most modern and advanced, do not allow you to safely use educational content, be it learning from an electronic textbook or searching for help information. Doctors have determined that the optimal size of a gadget that is not harmful to the health of a child — This is a tablet with screen 11 inch». In other words, computers, tablets, laptops, but not smartphones are suitable for learning.

It must be understood that innovations primarily concern not schoolchildren, but teachers, organizers of the educational process and parents.

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State Services may launch a service to verify identity

A service for verifying identity in everyday situations may appear on the public services portal, the Ministry of Digital Development of the Russian Federation has taken the corresponding initiative.

“The Russian Ministry of Digital Development proposes to launch a service on the State Services you can quickly verify your identity when it is required in everyday situations, », — says in the department's Telegram channel.

The service can be used to confirm the right to free travel; when shopping in a store to receive a discount or age verification; when attending events with entry restrictions; to enter office centers with a pass system, etc.

A specific list of situations must be approved by the government of the Russian Federation. Moscow can become a pilot region for testing the service.

“Such a service can be a convenient addition to a paper passport for those who are used to constantly using a smartphone. The safety of data will be reliably protected by the state”, — reported in a press release.

Earlier, the Ministry of Digital Development of the Russian Federation proposed to use the Unified Biometric System on an ongoing basis when passing exams in higher educational institutions, if distance learning technologies are used.

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Vertical movement. What’s new in metropolitan schools?

On the first of September, every student takes a step towards new knowledge. But in metropolitan education is not limited to experience already gained, but make school life even more diverse. Aif.ru found out what has never been before, and will appear in 2022/2023 academic year.

Sports and space classes

Every year the city invites schoolchildren to enroll in  classes of different directions — from                          Pre-vocational training projects can be found in every district of Moscow. School teachers, lecturers from leading Russian universities, educational technology support centers work with children, and the resources of all network institutions of the Moscow Department of Education and Science are also used. From 1 September 2022  eight general education organizations are joining the sports class in Moscow school» project.

It is designed for students of 10-11th grades. Teachers and  university lecturers undertake to help grow success in  sports and  motivate high school students to learn professions in the field of physical education and sports. Aif.ru spoke with principal of school No 1251 named after General Charles de Gaulle Tatyana Kravets, where the project comes from September. The cooperation of this educational institution with young athletes will not start from a clean slate. «The new project starts in  Moscow from tomorrow, but it is based on traditions that were established many years ago — explained aif.ru director.                              ) Having entered a sports school, the guys conducted training there, and for knowledge in general disciplines they came to school No. 1251. By the way, in the last academic year, three graduates received medals for their excellent studies. Now, thanks to participation in the“Sports Class” they will not only prepare for victories in sports and get strong knowledge of school subjects. We signed an agreement with Russian State University of Physical Culture, Sports, Youth and Tourism to show high school students professions that exist both in the field of physical education and sports, and in related fields — for example, sports journalism, sports medicine and etc. d.».

From September, the number of schools with pre-professional classes will increase. And for the first time, space classes will open (this will happen in 29 schools, among partners —Roskosmos and the best universities) and aircraft building (they will work in 9 schools, partners will be MAI and Rostec).

< h2>34 talking important

On September 5, the project “Conversations about the important” starts. On  Monday mornings in all educational institutions of the capital will begin with a solemn ceremony of raising the State Flag of the Russian Federation, after which schoolchildren will talk with class teachers about the history, culture of our country, etc. e. The topics and content of the classes are determined taking into account the age of the students. “Talking about important” —  unusual study session, — underline Deputy Head of the Moscow Department of Education and Science Anton Molev. — This is a space for communication built on trust and mutual respect. Here there should be no place for dogmatism and moralizing. But such a dialogue is designed to make the guys think about moral values, the key ethical issues embedded in each of themes of this course».

The first topic of the cycle of extracurricular activities “Conversations about important” will be “Knowledge Day”. In September and October, the guys will discuss topics dedicated to the anniversary of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Day of the Elderly, Music Day, Teacher's Day, Father's Day and holidays. During the academic year, it is planned to conduct 34 lessons. One of the  main tools for effectively organizing “Conversations about important” will become the “Moscow Electronic School”.

“In the modern world of computer technology, children have countless sources of information. However, the schoolchild cannot always correctly evaluate their quality and reliability, considers the class teacher of the 11th grade of the school № 1529 named after. A. S. Griboedova Andrey Ezhkov. — It is the school that should become the cultural space that will allow you to set the right and correct guidelines for the child. According to the teacher, conversations on the topics of morality, politics, the world situation, of course, are not simple. A large methodological base created within the framework of the project will help to build a dialogue with the guys.

The project is launched by the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation. Regional Operator in the  — Moscow Center "Patriot.Sport" on the centre's website.

Catch gaps in knowledge in time

But  and these innovations are not limited . For for example, in MES section Study” the “Results” tab has been added, where you can see the full picture of the current learning results in all subjects and themes: the average grade for the subject, the grade for each topic, and the overall dynamics. In the new section "Diagnostics" it became possible to receive the results of an independent assessment of the level of knowledge, which is regularly carried out in the schools of the capital. The overall picture of mastering the educational material will give a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the child's preparation and fill in the knowledge gaps in a timely manner. And to save parents from excessive paperwork, the consent to participation of the child in field events will be transferred to electronic format.

In the 2022/2023 academic year, the city will carry out a planned replacement of laptops for all Moscow teachers, including primary school teachers. Old school laptops can be used in the learning process at their own discretion. Starting from this year, all educational institutions of the capital (including elementary school) will have WI-FI. The planned replacement of monoblocks in computer classes will continue. Monoblock — this is a type of computer in which the screen and the system unit are combined. “The new monoblocks will allow me and my students to take on” the study of more serious topics in the  world of computer science, — says school information teacher im. V. V. Mayakovsky Roman Ushakov. — Today information technology — this is one of the main directions of development of modern education. And technical equipment is very important for the development of the school in this area. When conditions are created, learning becomes a joy for children. They are more willing to work in lessons and show better results. My students have their own bold ideas, interesting projects. I'm sure they'll be happy to try implement them».

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‘Triangle of Sorrows’ actress dies in New York

The leading lady in the film “Triangle of Sorrow” South African actress and model Charlbi Dean died at the age of 32 in New York, Deadline reports.

According to the publication, Dean died in a hospital in the city on August 29 due to a sudden illness.

Charlbi Dean Creek was born on February 5, 1990 in Cape Town. From the age of six, she began acting as a model in commercials and catalogs. In October 2008, she was in a car accident, after which she took a short break.

The film debut came in 2010, when she starred as Amanda in the film Malek. (Spud). Her greatest success came this year, when the film “Triangle of Sorrow” (Triangle of Sadness) won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Dean played the main role in the film.

Recall that August 31 marks the 25th anniversary of the death of Princess Diana.

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Pope and Dalai Lama express condolences over Gorbachev’s death

Plot Mikhail Gorbachev dies

Pope Francis and the Dalai Lama XIV expressed condolences to the families and friends of ex-president Mikhail Gorbachev, who died the day before in Moscow, RIA Novosti reports.

The head of the Roman Catholic Church noted the commitment of the former leader of the USSR to the ideas of harmony and fraternity among peoples.

“Recalling with gratitude the far-sighted commitment to harmony and fraternity among peoples, as well as the progress of one’s own country in an era of important changes; I turn to the good merciful Lord with a prayer for granting his soul eternal peace, », — Francis said in a statement.

The Dalai Lama called Gorbachev “a visionary man and an exemplary statesman.” In his opinion, even after retiring, Mikhail Sergeevich remained committed to the cause of strengthening peace and reconciliation throughout the world.

The ex-president of the Soviet Union died at the age of 92 in Moscow on Tuesday, August 30. Death came after a severe and prolonged illness. He will be buried on September 3 at the Novodevichy cemetery of the capital.

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Rospotrebnadzor clarified the ban on mobile phones in schools

The rules to restrict the use of mobile phones for educational purposes have been in effect since 2021, and no new bans are planned from September 1. This is stated in the Telegram channel of Rospotrebnadzor.

Head of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation Sergey Kravtsov during the all-Russian parent meeting noted that the use of mobile phones in the classroom is not allowed in accordance with the new sanitary rules.

“The requirement to limit the use of mobile devices for educational purposes is easily explained. The use of gadgets with a small screen leads to an increase in the load on the organs of vision, in some cases – can provoke a violation of posture, – Rospotrebnadzor explained.

The department also noted that the application of any restrictions on students who need mobile devices for medical reasons is strictly not allowed. We are talking about children who use gadgets to control blood sugar levels or monitor heart rate.

Earlier, Vladimir Medinsky, aide to the President of Russia, chairman of the Russian Historical Society, proposed banning schoolchildren from using smartphones during classes.  In his opinion, children should put their phones in lockers.

It has also been reported that frequent use of a smartphone can lead to inflammation of the tendon of the thumb, and a dirty phone can cause skin problems, up to dermatitis.

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Can I transfer my child to another school in the middle of the school year?

Change of educational institution — a way out for those whose children feel uncomfortable at school: they are ahead of or behind the educational program, cannot find a common language with their peers, and for those who move or simply want to make their child smarter and happier than he is in the conditions of his school. An expert told aif.ru about when it is possible to transfer a child to another school and how academic performance and other reasons affect enrollment.

At what time of the school year can a child be transferred to another school?

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Lawyer Anastasia Popovaexplained aif.ru that such a thing as “translation” does not know the law. This word describes the process of expelling a child from one school and enrolling in another to continue education. “You can transfer a child to another school at any time during the school year and even during the holidays: he graduated from one class and went to another school for the next; went on September 1 — did not like it, from the second of September you can go to another school; could unlearn six months, one quarter, etc. and transfer — any option is possible. The set can be all year round. The only limitation for enrolling — number of seats. If there are places, it makes no difference at what stage of the educational process the child is enrolled in school, », — explained the expert.

How to transfer a child to another school?

To change a student's place of study, you must adhere to the following algorithm of actions:

1. Choose a school for translation. The first thing to do — find out what schools are in your preferred area, whether they practice in-depth study of any subjects and, most importantly, — are there any free places. Contact your local education office for information.

2. Get consent for enrollment. After receiving the information, it is necessary to visit the selected school, communicate with the management and obtain the consent of the administration for enrollment. It is important that you first get the consent of the new school before applying for a drop from another. You can confirm agreements with another school for a transfer by obtaining a certificate of consent to accept a child for education.

3. Drop out of the old school. Having received a certificate, you can write an application for expulsion addressed to the director of the school where the child is studying. Based on these documents, an expulsion order will be issued and all the student's documents will be handed over to the parents: a personal file, a medical card, a diary certified by the school seal, a report card.

4. Apply for a new school. Documents for the child and the application for enrollment must be transferred to the new school for issuing the appropriate order.

In what cases can a school refuse to transfer? 

The lawyer once again emphasized that in practice we are not talking about a transfer, but about a child entering a particular school in the middle of the school year, and it doesn't matter what he had before being expelled. A school may refuse to enroll a child for study only in one case — if there are no places in the school.

Does the reason for the transfer affect anything?

According to Anastasia Popova, the reason for the transfer from one school to another does not matter. “Why did a child come to a particular school and leave another school — does not concern anyone. They can’t even ask about it and find out anything, because it doesn’t affect anything, it has no legal significance, — a lawyer told aif.ru.

Do the grades of the child influence the decision of the host school? 

Considering that the only reason for the refusal — there are no places, any other reasons cannot be grounds for refusing to enroll a child in school, Anastasia Popova explained. “However, schoolchildren are obliged to study and master the compulsory educational program. If a student has unsatisfactory results at the end of the year, then, as for any other level of education, this is an academic debt. If a student has such a debt and we are talking, for example, about transferring from one class to another at the end of the academic year — the child has finished the seventh grade and is going to another school in the eighth grade — he can not be accepted to another school, but he must turn in this debt. This is called conditionally translated, that is, they were transferred with the condition to close the “tails”. They can’t not take a child to school because he doesn’t have such a level of grades, they can’t go to an ordinary comprehensive school, — summarized the lawyer.

Sources

https://mel.fm/

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Who should choose a college?

“Arguments and Facts” Weekly No. 35. Came to the Complete East 31/08/2022

The fact that those who do not do well in school should go to college has long been a myth. 

Nerses Nersesyan, Director of Energia College near Moscow:

— In the leading institutions of secondary vocational education, the minimum score of the certificate for getting into the budget – this is 4. And there are specialties where, in order to be enrolled in state-funded places, you need to have almost one five in your certificate. If a child is more inclined towards theoretical sciences, it is probably better to try to enter a university. And if he is more interested in creating with his hands, then he should definitely think about college. In our field there is an important component – acquisition of knowledge through tactile skills. For example, a child at school is a triple student, but comes to college – and he suddenly gets an A in the same subject. And this is because he touched the object with his hands, felt it, and understanding came to him through tactile skills.

Why will the programs be reduced? Education will be based on the interdisciplinary principle. If earlier the Russian language was the Russian language, the history of – history, etc., now in the process of studying the Russian language we learn history. That is, the Russian language is mastered not on abstract texts, but on what is taught in the subject “history”. And the teacher of mathematics checks, among other things, the correct spelling of the assignment, spelling. Well, the practice orientation is high, because all the students of “Professionality” – target audience (trained for a specific enterprise and for a specific workplace. – Ed.). All teachers involved in the “Professionality” program will undergo retraining at the expense of the federal center.

It is much more interesting for children to study with us. Almost all of them work in their final year. And many receive decent salaries. Let's take mechanical engineering, which we employ turners, millers, and welders. The starting salary there is around 80 thousand rubles. An intelligent IT specialist, if he sold himself correctly (and we help them to sell themselves correctly in the labor market), the salary can be 150 thousand.

The opinion of the author may not coincide with the position of the editors

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Holiday at the estate. “AiF” celebrated Apple Savior among friends

In the days of Ancient Russia, Apple Savior was celebrated on a grand scale to match Maslenitsa and Krasnaya Gorka. They baked lush ruddy pies with apples, made jam and went to visit each other to give each other sweets. In the evening, they all gathered together in the field, sang songs, cheerfully seeing off the sunset, and at the same time saying goodbye to the outgoing summer. We decided to recall the tradition of our ancestors in the estate of the publishing house and offered the AiF partners participate in this. 

According to all the rules

Friends were greeted as expected: pastries with apple filling and jam. But we admit: we still could not resist and brought into the holiday “modern” a bit by adding caramelized apples to the menu. By the way, the guests especially liked this treat. 

Photo: AiF/Irina Ame

And everyone appreciated the fragrant tea from the pot-bellied samovar. The festivities began in the courtyard of the estate, so the samovar was melted in advance and cups and saucers were prepared in order to fully correspond to the atmosphere of the holiday. In addition to sweets, there were freshly baked pancakes on the tables and a tasting of delicious cheeses from the Russian cheese house of Igor Kovalsky took place.

Partners «AiF» waiting for a pleasant surprise — exhibition of works by contemporary artists. The first thing that caught your eye upon entering the foyer of the estate, — a bright canvas by the artist Dmitry Sukhov of incredible size. The light was exposed in a special way, so that the canvas shone and was beautifully reflected in a huge mirror. All guests, without exception, found such an original idea, many arranged a photo shoot against the background of the picture. Dmitry's works also decorated the walls of the oval hall of the mansion.

Photo: AiF/Irina Ame

To get to the main, round hall of the estate for a classical music concert, you need to go through the main staircase. Graceful still lifes and eye-catching landscapes are placed on each of its steps, which “AiF” provided by the team of the modern online gallery DA’s Art Depot. 

Pleasant moments

Who doesn't love nice gifts? To please friends and reduce the waiting time for the start of the concert, we held a prize draw. The main gift was a collection fragment of Dmitry Sukhov's painting. The artist divided the canvas into 36 parts. The remaining 35 will be given to guests of other special events around the world. According to the author's idea, a collector who has collected all the fragments will be able to name the canvas. 

Online gallery DA’s Art Depot also prepared surprises — picture and certificates. And the world-class Russian chocolate manufactory Chocolaterie BI & rsquo; NOCHE “sweetened” event and handed over to the partners «AiF» three handmade candy gift sets. 

Photo: AiF/Irina Ame

Before the mansion plunged into music, general director of the publishing house Ruslan Novikov. He warmly greeted the guests and noted that such chamber meetings have become for “AiF” a good tradition. 

«Classics are always relevant, but every time we try to bring something new and interesting. Today world musical masterpieces will sound accompanied by a guitar, — Ruslan Novikov said. — Our evening is dedicated to the celebration of one of the first harvest festivals — Apple Savior. The Eastern Slavs on that day accompanied the sun with music and songs, as we will now, and also ate apples and various apple treats, which we have in abundance this evening».

Photo: AiF/Irina Ame

Then the general director of AiF invited the guests to enjoy the concert, and then by all means make a wish, as they once did in Ancient Russia. 

And at sunset, in the round hall with columns, the musical masterpieces of Handel, Mozart, Boccherini and Piazzolla sounded in performed by the Intertone Ensemble.

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It became cleaner. The VOOP and AIF program on unique reservoirs will be continued

In May 2022, the All-Russian Society for Conservation of Nature in partnership with the Argumenty i Fakty publishing house, Rosatom State Corporation, Norilsk Nickel and other large organizations launched a special environmental program “Unique Reservoirs of Russia”. Its essence is to draw the attention of local authorities, businesses and the public to small reservoirs that exist in every region, but which do not fall into large federal projects in terms of funding and support. Such reservoirs are popular and loved by tourists and local residents, but there is often simply not enough manpower and funds to clean their banks and restore ecosystems. The purpose of the — clean the shores of these small reservoirs, and then take systematic action to keep them clean at all times. In addition, if a lake or a river is “sick”, if garbage accumulates in the riverbeds themselves, if the lake is swamped, these problems must also be solved. It was with these goals in July and August of this year that the monitoring of the places where subbotniks were held was carried out. It was attended by representatives of the VOOP, employees of the regional editorial offices of AiF; and district administrations.

Cleaning the bed of the river Devitsa. Photo: AiF/Nikolai Tereshchenko

It has become cleaner, but we need to continue

saysNikolai Tereshchenko, one of the organizers of the program, head of the project “Ecology of Russia” JSC “AiF”, — it is visible to the naked eye. When we were choosing objects for subbotniks in the spring, there were many reservoirs where it would definitely be worthwhile to carry out a general cleaning. Over the summer, I personally looked at the Shershnevskoye reservoir in Chelyabinsk, and the Devitsa River in the Voronezh region, and the Alyaty and Permyakovskoye lakes — in the Irkutsk and Nizhny Novgorod regions. Everywhere is clean. We also looked at other objects where we ourselves did not conduct subbotniks, — and there the banks of the reservoirs are clean. This, for example, is the Volchikhinsky reservoir in the Sverdlovsk region. It can be unequivocally said that the district and village administrations are making serious efforts to keep their native reservoirs clean and tidy. 

However, we also saw another problem that local authorities themselves are not always able to cope with — it is the improvement of the ecosystems of lakes and rivers themselves. For example, Lake Alyaty is clearly swamped. The water rises, near the banks — green duckweed, Rospotrebnadzor forbade swimming there. Similar problems with Permyakovsky Lake in Nizhny Novgorod. Near the shores, reeds began to grow actively there, which did not exist before. But the river Devitsa needs to be cleaned of trees that have fallen into it, and this, I tell you, is a very difficult job. The village administration is gradually clearing the channel, but in some places it needs to be deepened, which requires survey and design work. These are the problems we will be dealing with in the future, involving science and research organizations. Fortunately, we already have such experience — now scientific research is being carried out on Lake Salt in the Tyumen region. They are conducted by employees and students of the Institute of Biology of the Tyumen State University. In autumn, we will receive their opinion and recommendations on the harmonious combination of tourism in this specially protected natural area and the preservation of the flora and fauna inherent in this area. And, of course, the subbotniks themselves on such unique reservoirs should be continued. They give the right impetus for further system actions.

Permyakovskoe Lake. Photo: AiF/Nikolai Tereshchenko

The program will continue

As head of the All-Russian Society for Conservation of Nature Vyacheslav Fetisov has repeatedly stated: “The most important resource of this millennium for the people — it's water.” And these are not only such world pearls as Lake Baikal, Lake Teletskoye or the Volga and Yenisei rivers. This and thousands of unique small reservoirs in every corner of our country. All of them are part of a single ecosystem, which must be protected, which must be used wisely and diligently. This also applies to domestic tourism. Today, many Russians have begun to travel around Russia and very often they have begun to explore their own regions, to relax on such small water bodies as the lakes and rivers mentioned above. Therefore, it is necessary to create, on the one hand, comfortable conditions for domestic tourism, and on the other hand, to preserve or revive the natural uniqueness that everyone, even the smallest reservoir in Russia, has.

As reported in the office of the Chairman of the VOOP , the program “Unique reservoirs of Russia” will be continued in 2022-2023. Subbotniks are already scheduled for autumn in the Moscow Region, Yekaterinburg and Perm, and information is being collected from scientific and survey organizations on research to improve the ecosystems of Lake Alyata, Lake Permyakovskoye, and the Devitsa River. At the Shershnevsky reservoir, the issue of separate waste collection near the tourist “spontaneous” campsites, scientific research is underway on the Irtysh River in the Tyumen Region, on the Salt Lake, and places are being selected for Saturday work days next spring. In total, by the end of 2023, up to 30-35 regions of the Russian Federation will take part in the program, according to preliminary estimates.

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Battle of Moscow 1612 – Stalingrad XVII century. Who was kicked out of the Kremlin?

410 years ago, on 1 September 1612 , at 1 o'clock in the afternoon Grand Hetman of Lithuania Jan Karol Chodkiewicz attacked the field fortifications of Prince Dmitry Pozharsky< /strong> near the White City of Moscow in the area of ​​Prechistensky and Arbat Gates.

Thus began what is called the Battle of Moscow, and sometimes the Battle of Maiden — — simply because Khodkevich crossed the river near the Novodevichy Convent, which is located precisely in this historical area of ​​Moscow. Although with the same success, this three-day battle could be called the “Battle of the Ordynka” or even "Battle at Balchug" — the pressure of the Polish-Lithuanian army was so strong that some of its units managed to break through and gain a foothold on these lines.

Temporarily — for a matter of hours. Already in the evening of September 3, they were kicked out of there. The next day, the remnants of Khodkevich's troops left in the direction of Mozhaisk, and then to the very border and and beyond. These remnants retreated in relative order. But still with shame — they did not fulfill their main task. Their compatriots, the Polish-Lithuanian occupiers, who had dug in in Kitai-Gorod and Kremlin since 1610 , and were left without bread and butter, without corned beef and wine that Khodkevich brought them. In a couple of months, these starving inmates capitulate. Enemy banners will fall on the land of Moscow near the Kremlin walls — not for the last time. It is that day that we and celebrate now as National Unity Day.

Although, in conscience, the Battle of Moscow could also be recognized as a day of military glory and an event that marked a new hope in our history. A battle in which the people's militia managed to wrest victory from superior forces of a professional, skillful and extremely cruel enemy. which, by the way, says the source “from” the other side. In the 17th century, intellectuals could still make their way to power. One of such large Polish statesman and historian Stanisław Kobierzycki, puts accents as far as possible impartially and competently. Here are the moods he captures in Poland before the Battle of Moscow: “Government officials cared little for” the Russians, despising the enemy, defeated so many times. The victories in Muscovy produced such joy in Poland that it seemed to cloud the thoughts and interfere with the mind of the king and nobles. Confidence in  undoubted victory led to  so delighted that many were already talking about the transformation of Muscovy into Polish province». And this is what happened after it: “We” suffered such a significant loss that it could no longer be rewarded with anything. The wheel of fortune has turned. The hope of taking possession of the whole Muscovite state collapsed irrevocably».

Speaking frankly, “the other side” there was every reason to despise Russian power. What enemy did Khodkevich's troops see in front of them? First of all, the remnants of the First Militia, repeatedly beaten by the hetman and  brought to  a truly miserable state: "in uniform srachits (undershirts) and  without pants, only a single squeaker and a powder flask in their possessions". The personnel of the Second Militia brought to Moscow by the Pozharsky and Minin, looked almost as unpresentable. The best forces of the Russian kingdom, the nobles and archers of the central regions, were ground in the bloody meat grinder of wars and civil strife of the last eight years. The poor provincial nobility and  townsmen, that is the peasant — that's what Pozharsky had. It is not surprising that Polish Colonel Jozef Budilo, who was sitting in the Kremlin, to whom Khodkevich was going to help, arrogantly wrote to the Russian commander: “Better you, Pozharsky, let your people go to the plows.”

Jan Karol Chodkiewicz.

Khodkevich never descended to such hairpins. He was firmly convinced of his victory. Still would — a successful commander with a European name, who studied the art of tactics in Italy and with knights of the Order of Malta, who beat the Swedish troops, three times his number… Yes and the task that confronted him was familiar, if not  ; say routine. The Polish-Lithuanian army has already three times (!) Delivered convoys with provisions to the besieged Kremlin — once in 1611 and twice in 1612 and with less forces. And now, 12,000 people have gathered under the banner of Khodkevich. people, yes & nbsp; somewhere else 3 & nbsp; thousand. of the Polish-Lithuanian army is sitting in the Kremlin, and at any moment it can hit the “Russian peasants from” the plow in back. And there were barely 10 thousand men.

Ukrainian trace

Formulas “Polish-Lithuanian army” and "Polish-Lithuanian occupation of Moscow" so firmly rooted in our tradition that we do consider these invaders other than Poles . Although, in reality, every time, starting from  1604 g., the invasion forces of the Commonwealth consisted mostly of  those who were then called "Cherkasy", and and and"Ukrainian Cossacks". That same Khodkevich has “Ukrainian Cossacks” in general were the basis of the army — There were more than 8 thousand of them. During the times of political correctness in the Soviet way, this topic was delicately bypassed. However, since the collapse of the USSR, Ukrainian historians seem to have found in another reason for national pride: “In campaigns on Moscow territory in the early 17th  almost the entire gentry of Ukraine-Rus» was involved.

So it is. But there is nothing to be proud of here. And "gentry", and "Ukrainian Cossacks" established themselves as the most notorious rapists, bandits, robbers and murderers, through the efforts of which, during the Time of Troubles, up to & nbsp; 80% of the arable lands of the Russian kingdom fell into desolation. Russian people were deliberately destroyed. A small episode: one such ataman, Mikhail Baloven, amused himself by “filling the peasants with gunpowder and” in “the” mouth, and “in” the ears and “set fire” to. There are more than 6 thousands of ruined souls on his conscience. And there were no number of such chieftains. Others managed to break through to the very White Sea, where they robbed and burned monasteries and villages — only on Onega subsequently found about 2.5 thousand. tortured to death women, old people and children.

Cannibalism and rage

The same "Ukrainian people" sat with their Polish masters and in the besieged Kremlin, waiting for Khodkevich's breakthrough with food convoys. We sat in terrible hunger. And actively hunted food, not disdaining anything. Kyiv merchant Bogdan Balyka, who followed his compatriots in the hope of profiting from the robbers, left memories of this. This is what he witnessed: «Zholner Voronets and Cossack Shcherbina, falling into the house of Prince Fyodor Ivanovich Mstislavsky, began to sharpen in search of living creatures. Mstislavsky began to mention them (to reproach, scold), and  customers hit him with a whole (brick) in the head, little did died». And if the prince did die, the fate of his remains, according to the words of the same Bogdan Balyka, would be bad: they bought a human head for 3 gold, for a human leg, without meat, only bones, gave 2 gold. Pan Zhukovskyfor the fourth part of a man's stegn (buttocks) he gave 5 gold…»

In a word, the enemy who opposed the Russian militia of Minin and Pozharsky was not only skillful and extremely cruel — he was driven to despair. And and to the same outnumbered the militias. The three days of the Moscow battle became what the chronicler would call it: “The battle is great and  the slash is evil.” At first, Khodkevich prevailed — he managed not only to break into Zamoskvorechye, but and to bring there all 400 convoys with food. The Kremlin was about 1800 meters away. And here prince Pozharsky was enlightened. Realizing that the Russian militia is obviously losing in a direct clash of cavalrymen, he makes a non-trivial decision — to bet on what will later be called the classic “urban battle”. When lead is flying at the broken enemy from under every doorway, when in the crooked Moscow alleys the Russian infantry, known for its stamina, “takes” the enemy into  axes,  knives and even hand-to-hand combat, finishing off those who broke through with "stones and broken bricks". When they no longer cling to field fortifications, but furnaces, ruins, heaps of rubbish. When they strike from all sides and attack from completely unpredictable places: from the pits and and sprinkling with a vice to the encampments of Khotkevich»… the army, on 2/3 consisting of “Ukrainian people”, staged a kind of Stalingrad.

Boris Chorikov, “Grand Duke Dmitry Pozharsky liberates Moscow”

Pozharsky's tactics, multiplied by the frenzy and rage of the militias, did their job. The invaders were simply cut out. The Russians got not only the entire convoy, but also camping tents «with all the wealth» — Khodkevich didn't manage to take them off. It was a rout. The retreating ones were not even pursued — why? Firstly, they themselves blew away from Moscow with enviable speed. And  secondly, there are too few of those who wanted to subdue the “whole Muscovite state” under them.

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Gazprom called the damage to the EU from the minute of sanctions against Nord Stream 2

Gazprom: a minute of sanctions against Nord Stream 2 costs the EU 8 tons of CO2 Pipeline gas from Russia is considered one of the most environmentally friendly solutions, while LNG supplies from the USA to Europe have one of the highest carbon footprints »

Every minute of the sanctions against the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline costs Europe 8 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This was stated by the deputy head of Gazprom Oleg Aksyutin at the Tatarstan Petrochemical Forum.

“Sanctions have really real consequences. Every minute of non-operation of this gas pipeline— this is an additional 8 tons of CO2 due to gas supplies through other carbon-intensive pipeline routes, — he pointed out.

Aksyutin added that the increase in the supply of liquefied natural gas from the United States to Europe in the first half of the year by 23 billion cubic meters. m led to an increase in CO2-equivalent emissions by 13 million tons. one of the highest, — he noted.

Referring to expert research, the deputy head of Gazprom pointed out that pipeline gas from Russia is considered one of the most environmentally friendly solutions.

«Nord Stream-2»— gas pipeline from Russia to Europe, which runs along the bottom of the Baltic Sea. It consists of two lines with a length of more than 1.2 thousand km each. Gas was supposed to be supplied to Germany through the sea territories of Russia, Germany, Finland, Sweden and Denmark.

In November 2021, Germany suspended the certification of the gas pipeline, obliging the operator Nord Stream 2 AG to bring the legal form in line with German law. In January, the company created a subsidiary, which was supposed to become the owner and operator of the German part of the pipeline.

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After Russia recognized the independence of the DPR and LPR and launched a special operation in Ukraine, the certification process was stopped, and the operator itself fell under US sanctions.

In May, Gazprom said that the infrastructure of the gas pipeline, which is located in Russia, will be used to gasify the northwestern regions.

In the summer, Gazprom sharply reduced the volume of gas supplies via Nord Stream 1; first from 167 million to 67 million cubic meters. m, and then up to 33 million cubic meters. m.

The company attributed this to the retention of the gas turbine engine by the German company Siemens due to Canadian sanctions, as well as the end of the life of other turbines. German Economy Minister Robert Habeck, in turn, considered the reduction in exports politically motivated.

On August 31, the company announced a complete halt in supplies via Nord Stream; until September 3rd due to “planned preventive work”.

Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed launching Nord Stream 2 to solve the energy crisis in Europe. “We have one more route ready— Nord Stream 2. It can be run»,— said the Russian leader.

He said that he discussed the topic with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, but he stressed that now was not the time. Then Putin pointed out that in this case, half of the volume of gas would be directed to domestic needs.

The German Minister of Economy compared the possible launch of Nord Stream 2; with the raising of the white flag and the surrender of Europe.

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The Foreign Ministry announced the search for an alternative to Geneva for dialogue with the United States

Ryabkov said that he does not expect breakthroughs in the dialogue with the United States on strategic stability According to Deputy Minister Sergei Ryabkov, the positions of Switzerland and the European Union on the military operation in Ukraine “merged”, so the role of Geneva as a platform for dialogue with the United States on strategic stability has decreased

Moldova will not be able to pay off Gazprom until October 1

Deputy Prime Minister of Moldova: Chisinau will not be able to pay off Gazprom until October 1 Gazprom agreed that the audit of Moldova's debt was extended until October 1, but the authorities of the republic reported that it was impossible to meet this deadline and pay off debts, asking to extend the audit until October 31 March 2023

The government of Moldova will not be able to complete the audit of the debt to Gazprom; until October 1, said Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Spinu in his Telegram.

He said that on August 30, he discussed with the head of the Russian company Alexei Miller the situation with gas supplies for the next period: conducting a debt audit, the solvency of Moldovagaz; with high fuel prices and prospects for supplies by winter.

«Gazprom» confirmed gas volumes for September and extended the audit until October 1. In this regard, we reported that it is not possible to conduct an audit before October 1, and confirmed the need to extend the deadline until March 31, 2023, — wrote to Spin.

“Moldovagaz” failed to fulfill contractual obligations to Gazprom; in advance for the August deliveries and asked to postpone the payment date to September 1. The company agreed.

On August 30, Spinu reported that Chisinau had found a way to pay Gazprom; advance payment for fuel delivered in August. Moldovan state enterprise “Energocom” will purchase from the gas distribution company “Moldovagaz” 10 million cubic meters m for $16.6 million

In autumn 2021, Gazprom and “Moldovagaz” signed a five-year supply contract. The calculation formula laid down in the contract is based on exchange prices, in connection with which the cost of gas varies from month to month. Under the terms of the contract, Chisinau must audit the debt and repay the debts. “Gazprom” evaluates the debt of “Moldovagaz” at $709 million, including late fees. Chisinau does not agree with this amount and intends to conduct an audit.

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In August this year, Moldova signed an agreement to conduct an independent audit of the debt of Moldovagaz; before “Gazprom” with the Norwegian company Wikborg Rein Advokatfirma AS and the British Forensic Risk Alliance & Co.

Norwegian and British companies have committed to audit the debt for Russian gas supplied to Moldova by January 30, 2023.

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