The United States was suspected of involvement in the attack on Russian towers in the Black Sea

American satellites filmed the area hit by the Armed Forces of Ukraine

American commercial satellites filmed Chernomorneftegaz drilling rigs, which were hit by the Ukrainian military today. According to RIA Novosti, this happened about a week before the attack.

Photo: en.wikipedia.org

Agency reports that the survey was carried out by satellites Worldview-1, Worldview-2 and Worldview-3. They photographed the area where the drilling rigs were located on June 11, 13 and 14, respectively.

The head of Crimea, Sergey Aksyonov, had previously reported on the strikes against Chornomorneftegaz facilities. At the moment, it is known about the rescue of five people, the fate of seven more is being clarified. A total of 109 people were on the three affected towers.

According to a source from the agency, the blow was struck on one of the drilling platforms at the latitude of Cape Tarkhankut, which is located 100 kilometers from the Crimean coast.

In turn, State Duma deputy from Crimea Mikhail Sheremet said that an object located near Zmeiny Island, which was occupied by the Russian military after the start of the military operation in Ukraine, was attacked.

The parliamentarian added that after the attack on oil rigs Russia has a “free hand” and will retaliate against Ukrainian decision-making centers.

Источник www.mk.ru

Named the consequences of the transit blockade of Kaliningrad for Russia

“The region is ready”

The transit blockade of Kaliningrad is a tragic mistake that will further worsen Russian-Lithuanian relations. This is how sociologist Alexei Korshunov assessed the consequences of Vilnius's actions for Russia in an interview with REGNUM.

Photo: Global Look Press

The corresponding attack by Lithuania and the EU violates a number of multilateral agreements, the interlocutor of the publication shared his point of view. At the same time, the expert noted that this is the traditional practice of the Baltic states with regard to issues related to the Russian Federation.

The specialist pointed out that transit restrictions are unlikely to cause serious damage to the Russian Federation, and the authorities will easily solve the current situation.

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“First of all, additional vessels are involved in organizing the delivery of goods. Transit will increase along sea routes. Secondly, the region is ready for the independent production of some blocked goods,” the sociologist said, noting that, if desired, Moscow can give a tough response to the blockade of transportation.

In his opinion, the Russian side can take some retaliatory steps. “I can immediately name half a dozen rather unpleasant and painful sanctions with which we can respond,” Korshunov said, calling for ensuring the self-sufficiency of the Kaliningrad transport system and finally refusing to transit through Lithuanian territory with the help of air and sea traffic through neutral waters. He stressed that the introduced restrictive measures would not affect passenger traffic in any way.

On June 18, it was reported that Lithuania had stopped the transit of goods subject to sanctions through Kaliningrad. According to the governor of the region, Anton Alikhanov, the transport blockade is a gross violation of the rules of free transit and protocols for the accession of the Baltic countries to the European Union.

In turn, the senator of the upper house of the Russian parliament, Sergei Tsekov, said in an interview with Lenta.ru. ru” that the Russian Federation will be forced to take tough actions to protect Kaliningrad in the event of a deterioration in social conditions caused by the blockade by Vilnius. He compared Lithuania with Ukraine, describing the actions of the Baltic republic as ugly.

On June 20, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the transit blockade was “a violation of everything and everyone,” promising to conduct its deep analysis by the Kremlin before rather than take symmetrical steps.

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“There is progress”: militants began to disappear from Azot in Severodonetsk

And the civilians are still being driven back into basements by the national battalions

Foreign mercenaries and militants of the Aidar national battalion (the organization is recognized as extremist, banned in Russia) settled in the Azot plant in Severodonetsk ), are blocking all negotiations on surrender, a TASS source said. The chairman of the International Public Tribunal for Ukraine, a member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation Maxim Grigoriev, who has just returned from Severodonetsk, spoke about the civilians of the city and the hostages held on the territory of the enterprise by Ukrainian units.

Photo: Still from video

— Severodonetsk as a whole has been liberated, militants, mercenaries and the Ukrainian military hold only a small part of the industrial zone, which is getting smaller and smaller, says Maxim Grigoriev. – But they continue to hit residential areas and the local population from the industrial zone. Severodonetsk is also being shelled from neighboring Lisichansk.

Photo: Still from the video

A public official says they managed to collect a lot of testimonies from people who say that militants are forcibly holding civilians at Azot.

– They cover themselves as a shield from the advancing allied forces of Russia and the LPR. It was the same at Azovstal.

Residents of Mariupol told us that the military wanted to evacuate only together with the civilian population. Also under UN guarantees, hoping that international forces will help them. Now the Kyiv regime is trying to withdraw the Ukrainian military from the Azot along with the civilians of Severodonetsk to Lysichansk. But no one will allow this.

– Part of the detained people are employees of the enterprise. The authorities invited them to take refuge at the enterprise, convincing them that stocks of food and water were made in the bomb shelters. And in the city by that time there were already interruptions in food, the water supply was not working, the electricity was turned off. Someone went to the bomb shelters on Azot to escape the shelling. The militants hit the city with tanks and artillery from the industrial zone. It is clear that if you are at the enterprise, the risk of falling under the bombing is less. It was also a motivation.

– Their number is unknown. Since Soviet times, Azot has been left with bomb shelters that were designed for a nuclear war. According to the employees of the enterprise, there are impressive spaces under large workshops. Of course, they are smaller than at Azovstal. But the industrial zone at Azot is quite extensive, the chemical plant occupies a third of the city's territory.

— I think that they are located in different places. At Azovstal, for example, the nationalist units took the best bomb shelters for themselves. The APU occupied the bunkers on a residual basis. And the locals took refuge in those underground rooms that had not yet been filled.

“I don't think any large container of chemicals could have exploded there. It must be understood that the mercenaries and Ukrainian units themselves sit in those positions. And it is unlikely that they are wearing chemical protection suits. They are not suicides to undermine a container with nitric acid and be the first to suffer from this.

Although theoretically, they, of course, can calculate the wind rose so that all emissions go to the city. But this is a delicate matter, and it is unlikely that they are now up to such calculations. Today I spoke with the employees of the enterprise. They say that the leaders of Azot removed part of the products and raw materials, and tried to process what was left as much as possible. So, there can be no global ecological catastrophe there. Some of the chemicals on the 18th could have been blown up by stupidity or by accident. Emissions are released into the atmosphere.

– We were at the forefront of our troops in front of the entrance of the Azot plant. At our side, everything is ready for the exit of local residents from the chemical plant. Everyone is ready to help them. There is urban development right behind the industrial zone. It is enough for them to walk 500 meters to get to our positions.

But the hostages are not released from the factory. There are constant shellings. The mercenaries and militants who have settled on Azot do not perceive this humanitarian corridor. People are being intimidated.

I think that everything is happening, as it was at Azovstal, where local residents were convinced that as soon as they left, the DPR troops would open fire on them. Therefore, you must sit until the end. Those who still tried to get to the checkpoint were shouted from the Ukrainian positions that were located there: “Go back.” And they started shooting into the air.

Photo: Still from video

Eyewitnesses also told us that Azov militants people were not allowed out of the burning buildings. They jumped out, tried to put out the fire, they were shot at their feet and driven back into the building. For them, civilians are not people, but consumables.

We collected a lot of evidence when the nationalists took up positions in the houses, and if one of the local residents tried to object to them, they received a bullet in the forehead. We have all the materials about the crimes of the Ukrainian military in Severodonetsk. After all, they started shelling the city even before the arrival of the LPR troops.

— Thousands of people. At one address, in one house there are 50 people sitting in the basement, in another – 20, in the third – 10. People have some reserves. Large-scale humanitarian assistance to them is provided by our military. Volunteers also come, but it is quite difficult for them to break through under shelling. People mostly ask to bring medicines. When we were going to Severodonetsk, we bought several boxes of medicines. We went and handed them out.

—Someone has an artesian well nearby. And it is possible to connect a diesel generator to it for a short time. Someone uses technical water. Takes water from fire reservoirs. Someone lives next to the well. There are those who go to the spring.

— The city is shelled at any time. Maybe the militants wake up after drinking and open fire. Perhaps the relevant orders are coming from Kyiv.

– The bridge that connected Severodonetsk with Lisichansk was blown up. You can't get to the side where the Ukrainian units are still holding the defense. And deep into the LPR, the path is open. But getting there is not easy. You need to have a car. And to keep her on track. Many cars were damaged by shelling or stolen by the Armed Forces. There must be fuel. In addition, nationalists monitor the situation with the help of quadrocopters. They strike at all moving vehicles. Civilians there – not peaceful – they do not care. Therefore, many people think that it is better to wait in the basements than to hit the road.

Photo: Frame from video

We tried to respond to all inquiries. It used to be that they moved to the specified address, and this house stood right next to the industrial zone, where there was intense shooting. Our escorts said: “This is not our area of ​​responsibility.” We returned to the commandant's office, and with other fighters we went there.

— I think that there will be progress in the near future. According to our information, they are moving away from the industrial zone. They understand that it makes no sense to keep the plant. The fire is no longer so intense. Apparently, there are fewer and fewer ammunition.

– They can both swim and cross on rafts. All the same, they will get to them both in Lisichansk and in other places.

– We saw them, interrogated the prisoners. These are staunch nationalists, just like the Azovites (an extremist organization banned in the Russian Federation). At one of the Azov bases, I found a copy of the 1941 map of the German General Staff directly of the places where they were based in Mariupol. There were roads left, all the heights were marked.

— You see, they felt like the successors of the Nazis, the conquerors.

– This is a classic situation. Remember their predecessors from the SS division “Galicia” (at the Nuremberg trials it was called a criminal organization) and other policemen. Inducing terror, shooting and torturing civilians, being on guard at concentration camps, torturing women and children is one thing. But they always failed to fight with the regular army.

The Germans themselves did not consider them good warriors. They were mainly involved in punitive operations. They burned the villages together with the inhabitants, fought with the partisans. Their only clash with units of the 1st Ukrainian Front happened in July 1944 near Brody. Not far from Lvov, Ukrainian SS-“Galicians” fell into the cauldron and were defeated.

Shots of the Azot plant in Severodonetsk, where the Armed Forces of Ukraine settled: before and now

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Macron was hit by a political tsunami: he lost his majority in the National Assembly

The President of the Fifth Republic will need to show “dexterity and cunning” in order to survive.

French President Emmanuel Macron's Coalition “Together!” lost its majority in the second round of elections to the lower house of parliament. She lacked over 40 seats. Now Macron and his associates will have to make compromises with other parties. Indeed, without allies in the National Assembly, it will become impossible to promote many elements of the election program of the recently re-elected French leader for a second term. The expert assessed the prospects for the development of this situation.

Photo: Global Look Press

Formally, the coalition “Together!” became the winner of the second round of the parliamentary elections in France. With 245 seats, it is still considered the largest political force in the next National Assembly. But at the same time, Macron and his supporters did not achieve an absolute majority in the lower house of the French parliament. To do this, they needed 289 seats out of 577.

The left bloc “New People's Ecological and Social Union”, led by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, predictably took second place in the elections, receiving 131 seats in the National Assembly and, in fact, securing the role of the leading opposition force in the lower house of the new composition.

And the last elections were a real success for the “National Association” Marine Le Pen. Right-wing populists received 89 seats. Such a result gives them the right to form their own faction in the National Assembly of the country.

“This group will be by far the largest in the history of our political family,” said the far-right ex-presidential candidate of France. – This trust obliges us, we have achieved our goals: to make Macron the president of the minority, without control over power.

Center-right Republican Party meanwhile won 61 seats in the National Assembly. Characteristically, the voting took place at a very low turnout: about 54% of voters ignored the elections.

Observers have likened the French election results to a “political tsunami.” Most experts believe that the current voting results will be a harbinger of serious domestic political problems for the French leader and his associates. Macron and his team will have to make compromises with other parties. The fact is that without at least situational allies and partners in the National Assembly, it will become impossible to promote many elements of the presidential election program.

Emmanuel Macron can also create a minority government. However, it will have only limited administrative power and will probably not even be able to pass a budget bill on its own at the end of the year.

Moreover, as head of state, Macron has the right to call early parliamentary elections at any time. At the same time, no one can guarantee that he will be able to restore the lost majority.

“The situation in which Emmanuel Macron found himself is really difficult, but he will have to work with it somehow,” MK comments ; senior researcher at IMEMO RAS Arina Preobrazhenskaya. – He cannot dissolve the National Assembly, because he will get the same result. At the moment, the French leader has only two options.

First of all, he may start looking for some kind of permanent alliance, for example, with the “Republicans”. On some topics – such as pension reform or the budget – the parties could find a common language. However, the difficulty lies in the fact that the “Republicans” are elected as an opposition force and do not at all seek to unite with Macron. In any case, their leadership has already rejected such a pact. Of course, some of them can be won over to their side, but this will not happen tomorrow. And the head of state lacks a lot of votes, about 40–45».

Moreover, according to the expert, real unions will be viewed depending on the bills adopted in the near future. There are initiatives that will be supported by one political force and criticized by others.

“However, there are certain difficulties here, too,” the political scientist continues. – For this, a prime minister with extensive political experience is desirable. And Elizabeth Born (she was put at the head of the French government quite recently, on May 16 «MK») – technocrat. She was appointed to carry out reforms. She has the National School of Bridges and Roads behind her. That is, she never held any elective office. So, he will learn.

Plus, Macron has serious losses among his associates. It was not possible to re-elect the former chairman of the National Assembly and the head of the Renaissance party group; (the former movement “Forward, Republic!” – “MK”) in the National Assembly.

Therefore, now Macron and his associates are thinking about what to do next. It is no coincidence that they consulted for three hours on Sunday before Elizabeth Bourne finally squeezed out a two-minute speech. In any case, the head of state will have to look for various options for solving this problem by trial and error.

Another question is how much President Macron will now be able to promote his reforms, the expert believes. Re-elections in general are not very good for them. However, the French leader has no choice but to “vigorously strive for a new political experience for him.”

“I think that Macron will still try to attract the” Republicans “. on some subjects, – said Arina Preobrazhenskaya. – Perhaps he will try to attract the socialists, but there are only twenty of them there. Therefore, this is also not an option. 

If we talk about the opposition, then Marine Len Pen said on Sunday evening that she would represent a constructive and firm opposition, “seek all the patriots to unite.” Moreover, even in this case, it will not have a majority.

The result is a split and fragmented National Assembly with a significant representation of radical opposition forces. Therefore, in principle, the prospect of an institutional blockade of bills is real. But it can be avoided if Macron manages to show political dexterity and cunning.

Источник www.mk.ru

Mercenaries from the United States spoke about the “chaos” in the battle near Kharkov

“More than a hundred infantrymen advanced on our positions”

A former American soldier who fought on the side of the Armed Forces of Ukraine spoke in an interview with CNN about the battle, which he witnessed on June 9 near Kharkov, when two US mercenaries Andy Huyn and Alexander Druke were captured. The channel's interlocutor also spoke about the numerical superiority of the Russian military.

Photo: Global Look Press

A man named Pip reported that his unit was sent on a mission east of Kharkov, where a full-scale Russian armored offensive was underway. The group was forced to retreat quickly as more than 100 Russian infantry went on the attack. When asked about what happened to Huyn and Druke, Peep replied that he did not have this information.

Another mercenary who participated in the battle, acting as a sergeant, told that there was “absolute chaos” that day. “Our positions were attacked by more than a hundred infantrymen. We had a T-72 that opened fire from a distance of 30-40 meters,” the man shared the details.

Meanwhile, the United States is unable to confirm the location of the third mercenary to go to Ukraine, U.S. Marine veteran Grady Kurpasi, who retired last November. “We don’t know where they are, but I want to reiterate: Americans should not go to Ukraine now,” US President Joe Biden said.

On June 15, it was reported that Russian army soldiers were taken prisoner near Kharkov two American mercenaries who took part in the armed conflict on the side of Ukraine. According to data published by The Telegraph, 39-year-old Druke and 27-year-old Huyn are considered the first Americans captured.

Huyn, in particular, said that he was part of a detachment that belonged to the reconnaissance battalion. After receiving the order to retreat, he and his colleague walked through the forest belt for a long time, and then decided to surrender to the Russian military.

US mercenaries were captured in Ukraine: the life of Alexander Dryuke and Andy Hune

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Behind the scenes of the scandal: how Tokayev did not leave Putin

After Nazarbayev's departure into the shadows, relations between Russia and Kazakhstan became much better and easier than it seems

They wanted to send one political signal, but they sent a completely different one. The first visit of Kazakh President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev to Russia after the start of the special operation in Ukraine was supposed to symbolize the invariance of the course towards strategic partnership between the two countries. Instead, he clearly outlined the boundaries of this partnership. Sitting next to Putin at the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, Tokayev called the DPR and LPR “quasi-states” and said that “sanctions are sanctions.”

Photo: kremlin.ru

And when information about the refusal of the President of Kazakhstan from the Russian order was thrown into the information sphere, the scene of the interstate scandal finally acquired harmony and completeness.

To what extent does the media picture correspond to the real situation? Dramatization and aggravation of intrigue are the bread and salt of journalism. But while intrigues and political undercurrents between the Kremlin and Ak-Orda (as the main working residence of the President of Kazakhstan is called) are indeed more than enough, after Tokayev became the country's sole leader earlier this year between Moscow and Astana (oh, sorry, not yet Nur-Sultan) everything has become much simpler.

I will try to prove the thesis, which is not the most popular now in the Russian media, moving, as they say, from the contrary.

Let's imagine that at the St. Petersburg forum Tokayev would have behaved completely differently: he announced Kazakhstan's readiness to recognize the LPR and DPR and his firm intention to give a damn about American sanctions. What would it lead to? It is clear why: Kazakhstan, too, would instantly find itself under US sanctions.

In theory, together, even under sanctions, it is more fun. But this is a theory. But in practice, Russia's neighbor would also have to compensate for the large-scale economic losses from his own pocket.

Let's take, for example, the current relations between Moscow and Minsk. Alexander Lukashenko's emphasized loyalty to the special operation in Ukraine was ensured, among other things, through very important economic concessions – but even this did not become an incentive for official Minsk to officially recognize the rebellious republics of Donbass. The Kremlin was able to do without such recognition with ease (or without ease – we don’t know for sure yet) to do without. And if so, does Russia really need a corresponding gesture from Kazakhstan so much – especially considering the “price” of this gesture?

And by the way, I have not yet disclosed this “price” in full. The Russian special operation caused a deep split in Kazakh society. Here is what, for example, a childhood friend from Alma-Ata wrote to me: “The main thing is to be with your daddy (Putin – “MK”) to the last! He’s tough with big steel balls!”.

And here’s another friend from Alma-Ata, the granddaughter of a major Kazakh politician whom I’ve known since her childhood, went to a demonstration with obscene anti-Russian slogans.

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My childhood friend is Russian. My friend is Kazakh. But this is not an indicator. I know many Kazakhs who support the special operation. I know many Russians in Kazakhstan who disapprove of her.

Who is more in the elite? I'll start from the position of Tokayev himself. The second president of Kazakhstan is an extremely experienced diplomat. And that, perhaps, says it all. Tokayev understands that the only realistic course for Kazakhstan is the path of a careful balance between the various centers of power. Kazakhstan can neither turn its back on Russia, nor “lean” against it too much. What happens in the second case, I have already described. And the first path is fraught not only with monstrous economic losses, but also with the potential appearance on the agenda of the issue of the “northern territories” – regions bordering on the Russian Federation, in which the Russian population used to dominate. Allied relations with Russia are a guarantee that this will not happen.

Are there real allies? I'm convinced there is. Another thing is that these allied relations do not imply the subordination of Kazakhstan to Russian interests, its dissolution in these interests. And this is the norm in relations between allies – unless, of course, we are talking about relations between patron and satellite.

Sitting next to Tokayev in St. Petersburg, Putin announced the ties between Moscow and Beijing: we have wonderful personal friendships in the fullest sense of the word. This creates a good atmosphere for building interstate ties.

But this does not mean at all that China should play along with us in everything or accompany us in some way, and we do not need this. There are public interests. The Chinese leadership, like us, primarily proceeds from their national interests, but they do not conflict with each other, that's the point.

If there are any questions, they probably , in the course of specific work always arise at the level of departments, then the nature and quality of interstate relations allows us to always find solutions.

If China “is not obliged to play along with Russia in everything,” then why is Kazakhstan obliged to do this – only because it is smaller and weaker? For Kazakhstan, this is clearly not a convincing argument, especially since after the coup attempt in the republic was suppressed in January of this year, relations between our two countries were largely cleared of the accumulated “political garbage”.

As it has become obvious now, up to that moment in Kazakhstan there was not even a dual power, but a tripartite power. There was Tokaev, the president, to whom the security forces did not obey. There was Nazarbayev, the formal head of the security forces, who, due to age and physical limitations, was increasingly retiring.

Finally, there was a “third force” — relatives of the first president (primarily his beloved nephews), who understood where the wind blows and decided at the beginning of this year to break the smooth course of the transfer of power, remove both their uncle and Tokayev, and bend everything under themselves. In such a coordinate system, relations between Russia and Kazakhstan were slowly but surely moving along an inclined plane.

Now the third force has disappeared from the political scene of the republic. One nephew (Samat Abish) was allowed to escape, another (the patron of militant Islamists Kairat Satybaldy) was imprisoned on charges of corruption, although everyone knows that besides corruption charges, something else caused his misadventures.

Tokayev gained complete power. And he uses this fullness – sometimes publicly, more often behind the scenes – to smooth out or eliminate the contradictions between Russia and Kazakhstan.

Sometimes, of course, Tokayev makes strange miscalculations. The most striking example is the appointment of Askar Umarov, a man with a colorful Russophobic past, to the post of Minister of Information. At the top of Kazakhstan, they assure that, while appointing a new government in a hurry, Tokayev simply did not have time to get acquainted with this detail of the biography of the candidate for ministers. Like it or not, only the president of Kazakhstan knows. But this is what knowledgeable officials in Moscow note: how Minister Askar Umarov behaves towards Russia with emphatic respect and courtesy.

All this taken together does not completely eliminate such a problem as pro-Western sentiments in the Kazakh state apparatus. To regulate this problem – to “correct” those officials who, for example, show “excessive enthusiasm” in terms of the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions – Tokayev has to do it manually. This is what the behind-the-scenes side of Russian-Kazakh relations looks like at the moment. There is clearly no talk of any collapse of these relations.

Источник www.mk.ru

Political scientist Markov announced the possibility of “forceful release” of Kaliningrad

“This is just the beginning”

The Russian Foreign Ministry expressed a strong protest to the Lithuanian side in connection with the ban imposed by Vilnius on the transit of sanctioned goods to the Kaliningrad region. The Russian side warned that “if cargo transit between the Kaliningrad region and the rest of the territory of the Russian Federation through Lithuania is not restored in full in the near future, then Russia reserves the right to take decisive action in response. What could be these actions, “MK” asked the experts.

Photo: Global Look Press

“There is a viscous struggle, butting,” says political scientist Sergei Markov. – But here we may find ourselves in a difficult situation, because we no longer have the opportunity to create problems for them: we have already refused any transit through Lithuania.

But there is a sharper way – to warn them about that the attempt to blockade Kaliningrad grossly violates the agreement between Lithuania and Kaliningrad, and Russia may choose a forceful path to unblock the region.”

According to Andrey Suzdaltsev, Deputy Dean of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs at the Higher School of Economics, Russia has an opportunity economically protect the Kaliningrad region. “Kaliningrad can be supplied by air,” he believes, “through the Baltic and the Gulf of Finland. And, of course, there is a sea route – bulk carriers, ferries. It will be costly, but these are our people and our territories. We will supply them as best we can.”

– Now we have nothing special to answer them with. They hardly consume our gas. We do not supply electricity directly to them. Previously, there were deliveries, now they are not. They prepared for it. And I think this is just the beginning, over time they will also close the passenger railway service.

Источник www.mk.ru

Torture will become an official crime: the bill was “cosmetically” corrected

A separate article will not appear in the Criminal Code

The bill on toughening criminal liability for torture is ready for the second reading. A separate article on this topic will not appear in the Criminal Code, but for exceeding official powers or obtaining evidence through beatings and bullying, you can get up to 15 years in prison. Human rights activists believe that this is unlikely to change the situation in colonies and pre-trial detention centers.

Photo: Frame from video

The Duma Committee on State Building and Legislation prepared a bill for the second, decisive reading, which was submitted to parliament at the end of 2021 by senators Andrei Klishas, ​​Vladimir Poletaev and deputy Pavel Krasheninnikov (“ER”) and became a kind of response to scandalous publications about bullying convicts in places of detention.

The USSR ratified the UN Convention against Torture in 1987, Russia, as the successor of the USSR, participates in it. The UN Committee against Torture, where representatives of the Russian Federation report on the fulfillment of their obligations, has repeatedly noted that it is objectively impossible to assess the situation in the country, also because there is no separate “torture” article in the Russian Criminal Code. For what is usually considered torture, you can now be convicted on three counts. One of them is 117 (“Torture”), where torture is only one of the possible aggravating circumstances: for the use of physical and mental violence “in order to compel one to give testimony or other actions,” she promises from 3 to 7 years in prison. The note to this article reveals the concept of “torture”. But sadistic law enforcement officers are usually tried for “abuse of power” (Article 286 of the Criminal Code, from 3 to 10 years in prison) or for coercion to testify (Article 302 of the Criminal Code, from 2 to 8 years in prison). At the same time, there is not a word about torture in Article 286, and for the same part, for example, they are convicted both for exceeding their powers with the use of weapons and for exceeding their powers with the use of violence and bullying, and in criminal statistics we see only one common number. As for coercion to testify, here torture is mentioned as an aggravating circumstance, but over the past five years there has not been a single sentence under this article of the Criminal Code …

What will happen when the bill becomes law?

There will never be a separate “torture” article in the Criminal Code, and torture will become a purely malfeasance.

It is mentioned in the article that about abuse of power, a note explaining that it is considered torture will also migrate there. The wording will be as close as possible to that contained in the UN Convention: “any act (inaction) by which severe pain or suffering, physical or moral, is intentionally inflicted on any person in order to obtain information or confession from him or from a third party, to punish him for an act that he or a third person has committed or of which he is suspected, as well as to intimidate or coerce him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind.”

The word “inaction” appeared in the text for the second reading: when discussing the bill in the first reading, many deputies said that failure to provide the necessary medical assistance to a person in a pre-trial detention center or colony can be torture …

According to the article of the Criminal Code that coercion to testify, they will bring to justice not only investigators or interrogators, as they are now, but also “other law enforcement officers”, that is, prosecutors, policemen, Russian guardsmen, and employees of the Federal Penitentiary Service.

Punishment for torture in both articles is from 4 to 12 years in prison. For the second reading, at the suggestion of United Russia, it was separately prescribed: if torture led to serious consequences for health or to death “through negligence”, the sadist will face 8 to 15 years in prison.

In criminal statistics, sentences for these malfeasances will be counted separately.

Both articles become especially serious, the statute of limitations for them will increase to 15 years, which is important, since many victims do not risk or are deprived of the opportunity to complain during imprisonment. The idea of ​​deputies from the New People faction to abolish the statute of limitations for such crimes was not supported by the profile committee.

The official response of the Supreme Court to the initial version of the bill said that in practice it is not the officials themselves who torture in colonies and pre-trial detention centers, but convicts – “activists” who collaborate with the administration, or extortionists, you cannot bring them to justice under the articles on malfeasance. And the exclusion from Article 117 (“Torture”) of the mention of torture “may seriously weaken the opposition to crimes” of this kind. But the amendments of the deputies and the Supreme Court, which proposed to leave torture here as an aggravating circumstance, were rejected. The first deputy head of the Committee on State Building and Legislation, Irina Pankina (ER), in a conversation with MK, explained that instead of the words “with the use of torture”, a more general sign “with special cruelty, mockery or torment for the victim” will appear in the article about torture, which is designed, among other things, for “activists” in colonies who torture their cellmates.” “And the leadership of the colonies, if complicity is established, will be prosecuted according to special rules,” said the deputy.

Eva Merkacheva, a member of the Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, in a conversation with MK ” admitted that most of the comments of human rights activists to the original text were not taken into account and the amendments to the Criminal Code were “cosmetic”. “I think the situation will not change in principle. Unless the authorities demonstrate that they are dealing with the problem, and this is good,” she said.

Источник www.mk.ru

Residents of the LPR spoke about the terrible shelling of the Armed Forces of Ukraine: “They are beating out of hopelessness”

Our correspondent visited the site

Armed formations of Ukraine continue to fire artillery at the residential sector of the Luhansk People's Republic. Yesterday, the Armed Forces of Ukraine attacked two settlements at once – the city of Irmino and the village of Good in the Slavyanoserbsky district. The city of Irmino came under shelling at about 4 am, when the inhabitants were sleeping peacefully. The Ukrainian side struck with the use of multiple launch rocket systems “Hurricane”. The MK correspondent visited the site of the shelling and met with the residents.

Photo: Lina Korsak

– In this case, a rocket with a cluster warhead was used, – explains Alexei Getmansky, representative of the People's Militia of the LPR in the joint control center. 

The rocket landed on the territory of a tuberculosis dispensary. Fortunately, there were no people nearby in the early morning. However, the cassettes of the reactive system damaged the building of the Stakhanovskoe bone-tuberculosis sanatorium, located nearby.

The head doctor of the sanatorium, Lyudmila Kolesnikova, showing the damage on the facade, says that at the time of the shelling, patients and medical staff were in the building. 

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– When they heard the roar, those who could move independently immediately went outside. However, we also have bedridden patients, they just had to be covered with pillows. During the night shift, one nurse and one nurse remain in the sanatorium, they physically could not bear the people.

In addition to medical institutions, private houses were damaged in the city.

– It has become scary to live lately, – Laundry workers Natalya and Elena tell. – They shoot at any time of the day.

According to the women, from the moment the special operation began, people breathed a sigh of relief for a while. The Armed Forces of Ukraine have almost stopped their ruthless terror, but in the last month the situation has worsened again.

– Everything is happening so fast, not only you don’t have time to hide, you don’t have time to think, – says Natalya.

Interlocutors We are convinced that Ukraine has toughened the fire out of desperation.

– They understand that they will not be able to change anything. So they wipe us off the face of the earth.

Photo: Lina Korsak

After listening to the aspirations of the locals, we advance to the next firing point in the village of Good. There is already “arrival” more serious. The Armed Forces of Ukraine hit civilians from the Tochka-U tactical missile system. The rocket arrived at 18:00 and landed near the cultural center. At that time, there was a large crowd of people on the square, children were playing. Thanks to a lucky chance, none of them were hurt.

The area where the rocket body rests is surrounded by a stop tape. Scattered parts are scattered everywhere in the district. Despite the fact that its deadly mission “Point” already done, people still cautiously bypass it.

An employee of a grocery store affected by the arrival of a rocket says that her colleague miraculously survived. A fragment pierced through the building at the very time when the woman released the goods to the buyers.

– Thank God, the fragment ricocheted off the pipe and changed its trajectory, otherwise we would have gathered today for a different reason.

Besides the store, 9 residential buildings, a school and a kindergarten were damaged in the village from the arrival of the rocket.< /p>

Alexander Konstantinov, a local resident, recalls the terrible events.

– We were standing on the street when the rocket arrived. We heard a strong whistle, thought that the plane was falling. Then an explosion, fragments flew, smoke everywhere. Even the chandelier fell at my house.

Photo: Lina Korsak

Once again, it is worth noting that the armed forces of Ukraine strikes at settlements where there are no military installations. And those who give criminal orders cannot but realize that peaceful, defenseless people become their victims.

Lugansk, LPR.< /p>

Источник www.mk.ru

“Ready casus belli”: the expert spoke about the possible reaction of Moscow to the blocking of the Kaliningrad region

It became known how Russia will respond to NATO's attempt to invade the Kaliningrad region.

According to military expert Vladimir Evseev, possible NATO attempts to invade the territory of the Kaliningrad region could lead to very serious consequences.

According to the expert, in this case, Russia will be forced to use nuclear weapons.

According to Evseev, there is now a not very big, but still a threat of armed conflict in the Baltic region.

He stated this in an interview with “Ukraine.ru”.

“If Russia has even the slightest doubt that Kaliningrad will be captured by NATO countries, then Russia will use nuclear weapons and create a land corridor through the territory of Lithuania”, – he threatened Western countries in the event of an aggravation of the situation.

In his opinion, as a result of the special operation in Ukraine, NATO will no longer have the desire to enter into conflict with Russia.

In turn, the former Ukrainian diplomat Rostislav Ishchenko also commented on the transport blockade of Kaliningrad announced by Lithuania

He called the situation a pretext for war between the Russian Federation and Lithuania, since Vilnius violated Moscow's right to access its territory

“This decision is suicidal because it is a ready-made casus belli [cause for declaring war]”, – Ishchenko said.

He noted that international law protects the preservation of not only maritime, but also land transit.

Recall that last week the head of the Kaliningrad region, Anton Alikhanov, said about the fact that the leadership of the Lithuanian Railways informed the region about the termination of the transit of some sanctioned goods from the EU list.

The restrictions turned out to be from 40% to 50% of the range of goods, including building materials, cement and metals.< /p>

Earlier, TopNews wrote that a train with US M1A2 Abrams tanks was spotted 18 kilometers from the Kaliningrad region.

Armament arrived in the town of Korshe in Poland.

Источник topnews.ru

Operation of Iskander-M complexes during a special operation in Ukraine

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showed the combat work of the Iskander-M OTRK. Operational-tactical missile systems “Iskander-M” during a special operation in Ukraine, command posts, communication centers, air defense facilities, enemy weapons and ammunition depots are destroyed.

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Источник aif.ru

Mariupol: what is known about the city and why is it called that?

The city of Mariupol is located on the territory of the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR). It is located on the shore of the Sea of ​​Azov at the mouth of the Kalmius and Kalchik           main socio-economic characteristics. 

The Russian city of Mariupol on the territory of the Donetsk People's Republic was named by Orthodox Greeks — settlers from Crimea in honor of the wife of Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich (future Emperor Paul I) Maria Feodorovna. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

History of the city and its names

According to the Great Russian Encyclopedia, on the territory of modern Mariupol in the region of the mouth of the Kalmius River, Zaporizhzhya Cossacks at the end of the 16th century founded the outpost of Damakha (Kalmius) to protect against the attacks of the Crimean Tatars.

In  In 1769, during another attack, the Tatars burned the Kalmius fortress. In 1776, Kalmiusskaya Sloboda was rebuilt on the site of the fortress.

Mariupol was founded near this settlement and the guard post Pavlovsk (founded in & nbsp; 1778 at the mouth of the Kalchik River, now the territory of Mariupol) in the summer of 1780 by Orthodox Greeks — settlers from Crimea.

The city was named Mariupol in honor of the wife of Grand DukePavel Petrovich(future Emperor Paul I) Maria Feodorovna.

In 1807, the city with 23 Greek villages was separated into a special Greek district attached to the Taganrog city government.

In & nbsp; 1859-1872 (73) Mariupol was part of & nbsp; the Alexandrovsky district of the Ekaterininsky province.

The main occupation of the population: trade, fishing, a brick factory and other enterprises for the production of building materials also operated in the city.

During the Crimean War (1853-1856), the city was badly damaged; in May 1877, Anglo-French troops landed in Mariupol, destroying warehouses in the port.

In 1882, the Yelanovka-Mariupol railway connected the city with Donbass, and the new commercial port, built in 1886-1889 , became the second in south of the Russian Empire after Odessa. Also, at the end of the 19th century, two large metallurgical enterprises were built: “Nikopol-Mariupol mining and” metallurgical society ” and the metallurgical plant of the Belgian Provence Society. And & nbsp; under the Soviet regime, Azovstal was put into operation & nbsp; and other industrial plants.

Since 1932, Maripol was part of the Donetsk region of the Ukrainian SSR.

With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, part of the industrial enterprises of the city was evacuated. 8 October 1941, Mariupol was captured by the Germans. During the occupation, they shot 10 thousand people, 50 thousand drove to Germany. 36 thousands of Soviet soldiers died in concentration camps on the territory of the city.

The Red Army liberated Mariupol during the Donbass operation on September 10, 1943.

In the period from 1948 to 1989, the city was renamed Zhdanov in honor of the Soviet statesman Andrei Zhdanov  ;— a native of Mariupol.

Since April 2014, the city has been under the control of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, which in 2022 officially turned to Russia for military assistance due to the genocide of the local population by the Kyiv authorities.

On March 7, 2022, representatives of the DPR announced the encirclement of Mariupol. It was also reported that the city is “on” the verge of a humanitarian catastrophe and “is the epicenter of hostilities.” In April 2022, the head of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation Sergey Shoigustated that the city was liberated and taken under the control of the Armed Forces of Russia and the DPR. The remnants of the armed forces of Ukraine are surrounded and blocked on the territory of the “Azov” plant.

Who is the mayor of Mariupol?

31 March of the Donetsk People's Republic Denis Pushilinsigned a decree on creating the administration of Mariupol. On April 6, he appointed Konstantin Vladimirovich Ivashchenko — former city deputy from Ukrainian party «Opposition Platform — For life».

Ivashchenko also headed the Azovmash plant. When hostilities began in Mariupol, the deputy remained in the city and turned to Russia and the leadership of the DPR with a request to provide humanitarian assistance to local residents.

How many people live in Mariupol?

The population of Mariupol (as of January 1, 2021) was 431 859 people. After the outbreak of armed clashes, hundreds of residents were evacuated from the city. In April 2022, according the mayor of Mariupol Konstantin Ivashchenko there were about 250 thousand people left in the city. people.

What are the main city-forming enterprises of the city?

Before 2014, Mariupol — large industrial city. Leading Industries — ferrous metallurgy, mechanical engineering and metalworking ("Azovstal", plant named after Ilyich, "Magma", "Azovmash" and "others".

An important city-forming industry — transport services and logistics. Seaport of Mariupol — the largest in the Sea of ​​Azov (annual cargo turnover in an average of 6.5 million tons — metal, coal, coke, grain and other cargoes). On May 24, 2022, the Mariupol Port Authority announced the completion of demining the port. From          receives and sends cargo.

On              sends     In in particular, restoration and improvement of Mariupol.

Sources:

bigenc. ru/geography/text/5742995

glavadnr. ru/doc/ukazy/Ukaz_N108_31032022.pdf

interfax. ru/world/837211

tvzvezda. ru/news/20226191715-8NloJ. html

tape. ru/news/2022/04/21/mariupol/

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The work of the calculations of the MLRS “Hurricane” during a special operation in Ukraine

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showed the combat work of the calculations of the MLRS “Hurricane” of the Western Military District when performing fire missions to destroy the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine during a special operation in Ukraine.

In the course of aerial reconnaissance, crews of the Orlan-10 unmanned aerial vehicles opened the camouflaged positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and transmitted information to the artillery command post. After receiving the coordinates of the targets, the calculations of the 220-mm MLRS “Hurricane” The Western Military District struck at the identified positions of the enemy.

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We are together with Donbass. The Volunteer Award expands the boundaries

Story National projects

This year, the Organizing Committee of the #MYVMESTE International Award has introduced a new nomination «#WE TOGETHER with Donbass». It will select the best initiatives related to improving the well-being of the residents of Donbass and the liberated territories of Ukraine.

«To the volunteers of our country — new challenge, — said during the meeting of the organizing committee First Deputy Head of the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation Sergey Kiriyenkoduring the meeting of the Organizing Committee. — Rendering assistance to internally displaced persons from Donetsk and People's Republics Lugansk. More than 73,000 people have been involved in helping refugees. volunteers. Over 22.5 thousand — work in temporary accommodation centers. In general, 80 regional headquarters of #MYVMESTE operate in the country, 942 collection centers for humanitarian aid and 522 temporary accommodation centers have been opened, where migrants are received.

One of the key areas of the national project “Education”  — creation of conditions for the development and support of volunteering and volunteering. In Russia there are already more than 10 million volunteers. Among them, a prize is drawn, which helps to popularize volunteering.

The winners of the Prize will be announced at the  International Civic Participation Forum #MYVMESTE, which will be held in December. And that and last year became the winners of the Our Contribution Award.

All-Russian social project of early career guidance for schoolchildren “Green Tassel” lays the first bricks in training of environmental engineers, geologists and occupational safety specialists. Here, children are taught a responsible attitude to the environment, to appreciate the safety of their own and loved ones. “Green Tassel” meets the goals and objectives of two national projects at once — “Education” and "Ecology". The project has already acquired a federal scale: more than 13 000 schoolchildren from 18 regions of Russia took part in its lessons.

Project organizer Vera Kuzubovasays: “The project was inspired by a small exhibition of children's drawings, which took place in Crimea in 2016 . I  understood how to explain complex things to children in simple words, how to popularize among children the important and  in-demand profession of  environmental engineer” Instructions for traffic safety, internet security, first aid, fire safety — all this is adapted by the organizers of the project to children's perception. Children receive serious and vital knowledge in the form of a game. One of the  stages of the project — the educational module “Green Lines”, which allows children with disabilities to receive the same knowledge in a format adapted to their abilities.

Created by the Association of Communicators in the field of education and science, the project “People of Science” — this is the only open aggregator portal in Russia where scientists look for volunteers, and volunteers find interesting research. Participants can collect and analyze data, such as photographing plants or making notes about phenomena, and transcribing texts. Scientific volunteering — a modern and extremely popular way to popularize science among adults and children. Nothing like this platform existed in the country. 3 1.5 years, with the help of the expert community and involved partners, two online platforms, methodological materials for the implementation of activities were developed. In 2021 the project "People of Science" became the winner of the award “For & nbsp; fidelity to science” in nomination "Best Online Project". In that same year, the project became a finalist for the #WeTogether award.

The “Special Case” project created to support families with disabled children. The project participants create and distribute high-quality video content of special adapted activities for children, and also try to look for opportunities to provide financial assistance to families so that they can safely educate children with developmental disabilities. To & nbsp; the creation of the project "Special Case" prompted the need to provide urgent pedagogical, psychological, organizational and material assistance during the period of self-isolation. 570 special adapted lessons have already been filmed, more than 1 & nbsp; 570 individual online classes have been conducted, more than 30 & nbsp; children from remote regions of the Perm Territory have received targeted psychological & mdash; pedagogical support.

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The dog is biting. What breeds can not be walked without a muzzle

A dog can bite, even to death. Not surprisingly, many people are wary of large breeds. In  unlike dog owners, who often believe that their animal doesn attack, but "just plays".

"A muzzle? Put on yourself», — this is how aggressive dog breeders usually respond. However, some breeds need a “shield”, and this is enshrined in law. How — expert answers.

“Without a muzzle and leash, it is forbidden to walk dogs from the list of potentially dangerous breeds: Akbash, Ambuldog, American Bandog, Brazilian Bulldog, Alapaha Purebred Bulldog, Bully Kutta, Bandog, Gul-Dong, Pit Bullmastiff, North Caucasian dogs , wolf-dog hybrids and wolfdogs, and also hybrids and mestizos of all the above breeds», — told AiF.ru President of the Russian Cynological Federation Vladimir Golubev.

Three years ago, a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 29 July 2019  No. 974 “On the approval of the list of potentially dangerous dogs”. It is forbidden to walk these breeds without a muzzle and leash, regardless of the walking place, except with the exception of your own fenced area.

The list consists of breeds for which there are no clear standards; they are poorly predictable and poorly trainable. At the same time, the list does not include Rottweilers and Dobermans, which usually inspire fear in passers-by. Apparently, because these dogs lend themselves well to training, are used in work and are oriented towards a person.

«Another question is that a dog must be dealt with, but this applies absolutely to any dog, regardless of breed», — notes the expert.

According to the cynologist, the popular term «dogs of fighting breeds» — erroneous. This is the name of any dog ​​that takes part in battles. “There were dogs used for baiting (usually — wild animals), military service, and to to a lesser extent — „fair fights“, but among them you can even find the ancestors of the world famous rescuer — St. Bernard», — the expert notices.

However, the cynologist believes: there is no specific dangerous breed, each case is individual.

«I voiced my position more than once, but I want to note again: there are no dangerous breeds of dogs, there are separate aggressive individuals . Especially when it comes to pedigree dog breeding: the manifestation of aggression in all standards is a disqualifying vice that leads the dog out of breeding», — Golubev says.

At the same time, according to the law, animals, regardless of their breed, can be walked in a public place, provided that they do not threaten the safety of people and the safety of property, and only in the presence of the owner. Therefore, dogs are not allowed to freely, that is, without an owner, walk in & nbsp; porches, in & nbsp; yards, on & nbsp; children's and & nbsp; sports grounds. Dog exercise must only be done in places authorized by the local administration. And, of course, the owners must clean up after their pets.

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Long term weather forecast for July 2022

AIF at Dacha No. 10. Exclusive method: growing 9 crops in a greenhouse 05/31/2022

In Northern Federal Districtthe expected average July temperature is +14…+18 °C, which is somewhat warmer than usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 30-80 mm, which is close to the usual, in the Arkhangelsk region and the Komi Republic, a moisture deficit is possible.

At the beginning of the month, intermittent rains in places, thunderstorms are possible, in the afternoon the maximum temperature is +21 … +26 ° С. By the middle of the first decade, it will rain, in some places thunderstorms and moderately warm: the maximum temperature during the day is +19 … +24 °С, in the Murmansk region +10 … +15 °С. By the end of the first ten-day period, significant precipitation is not expected, the daytime temperature is +17 … + 22 degrees, in the Murmansk region +13 … +18 ° C.

By the middle of the month, short-term rains will pass, thunderstorms are possible, the daytime temperature will be +20…+25°C, in some places the air will warm up to +28°C in in Murmansk region +15…+20°C. At the end of the second decade, dry, but cool weather is expected, +16 … + 21 ° C in the afternoon, it will rain only in the Murmansk region, it will be 2-4 degrees cooler in the afternoon. By the middle of the third ten-day period, short-term thunderstorms will pass and it will become noticeably warmer, + 22 … + 27 ° C in the afternoon, in the Murmansk region the daytime temperature will be + 18 … + 23 ° C. July will end dry and ;warm weather, daytime temperature +23…+28 °С, in Vologda region up to +30 degrees, in Murmansk region in daytime +21…+26°С

July 1960 was the warmest in Arkhangelsk. The average monthly temperature reached +21.3 degrees, which is 5.5 degrees higher than usual. Precipitation fell only 35% of the norm. Last year's average temperature was close to normal. In the first half of the month, hot and dry weather prevailed, in the third decade there were heavy rains and it became noticeably colder, in the daytime it was not higher than +13 … +18 degrees, only at the very end of the month it warmed up to +19 …+24 °C.

In Central Chernozem regionthe estimated average monthly temperature is +20 … +21 ° C, which is within the normal range. The expected amount of precipitation is 85-105 mm, which is more than the average long-term values.

In the beginning of the month without significant precipitation and hot. Daytime temperature +26…+31 °С. By the middle of the first decade, short-term thunderstorms will pass, the maximum daytime temperature will be +25…+30 °С. At the end of the first ten days, heavy thunderstorms will pass, in the afternoon +19…+24 °C.

By the middle of the month, the unstable nature of the weather will remain, short-term thunderstorms are not excluded, during the day the air will warm up to +24 … +29 ° С. At the end of the second decade without precipitation: daytime temperature +22 … +27 degrees. By the beginning of the third ten-day period, it will be cool, in the afternoon from  18 to  23 degrees, in some places intermittent rain. In the middle of the third decade, precipitation is not expected, the maximum daytime temperature is +23 … +28 ° С. July will end with warm and unstable weather with short-term thunderstorms and the prevailing daytime temperature of +24 … +29 ;degrees.

The hottest month was July 2010 . The average monthly temperature in Voronezh reached +26.4 °C, which is 6.7 degrees higher than usual. On July 29, the air heated up to +40.1 degrees, which became a monthly record. Last year July became very warm and dry, the average monthly temperature exceeded the norm by almost 3 degrees. In                   the temperature of the month is +21…+22 °C, which is +1°C higher than usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 80-100 mm, which is slightly above the norm.

In the first days of the month, short-term thunderstorms are likely in places, the daytime temperature is +23 … +28 ° С. By the middle of the first decade, dry and hot weather will set in, in the afternoon +27 … + 32 ° С. At the end of the first ten days, local thunderstorms are again not excluded, during the day the maximum temperature is +26 … +31 degrees.

By the middle of the month, dry and hot weather is expected, daytime temperature +29.. .+34 °С. At the end of the second decade, short-term thunderstorms will pass in places, +24 … +29 ° C in the afternoon, up to +36 degrees in the right bank. By the beginning of the third decade — short-term thunderstorms, daytime temperature +20…+25 degrees.

In the middle of the third decade, local thunderstorms are expected, during the day the maximum temperature is +25 … +30 °С. C.

July 2010 was extremely hot and dry in Nizhny Novgorod. The average monthly temperature reached +25.6°C, which is almost 7°C higher than usual. Precipitation was only 4 mm. On July 29, the air heated up to +38.2 degrees, which became a monthly record. Last year's month became warmer than the norm by  2 degrees, little precipitation fell, only 25 mm, which is 33% of the monthly norm. The hottest day was observed on the 17th; °C, which is within the normal range. Estimated rainfall is 20-50mm, which is close to usual.

At the beginning of the month, local short-term thunderstorms, daytime temperatures +27 … + 32 ° C, in the Astrakhan region up to + 35 degrees. By the middle of the first decade it is dry and hot, during the day the air warms up to  +30…+35 degrees, in some places up to +38 °C. At the end of the first ten days, in some places, short-term thunderstorms, in the afternoon +28 … +33 ° С, in the Astrakhan region up to +37 ° С.

By the middle of the month, hot and dry weather is expected, the temperature during the day will be +32 … + 37 degrees, in the Astrakhan region up to + 39 & nbsp; & deg; C. At the beginning of the third decade, short-term thunderstorms are likely, the heat will weaken, the daytime temperature is +26 … +31 ° С, in places up to +33 ° С

By the middle of the third decade it is again dry and hot, in the afternoon +29 … +34 degrees, in the Astrakhan region up to +37 degrees C. The month will end with a weakening of the heat by 2-4 degrees, in places downpours with  thunderstorms will pass.

In the south of ETR, the expected average temperature in July is +24 … +25 ° С, which is within the normal range. The expected amount of precipitation is 70-80 mm, which is slightly more than the long-term average.

At the beginning of the month without precipitation, the temperature during the day is +27…+32 °C. By the middle of the first ten days, the heat will intensify, no precipitation is expected, during the day the maximum temperature is +33 … +38 degrees. At the end of the first decade, showers with thunderstorms will pass, the heat will weaken to +25…+30 °C

By the middle of the month it is again dry and hot, +31 … +36 degrees in the afternoon. At the end of the second ten-day period, showers of thunderstorms will pass in places, the heat is expected to weaken to +26 … +31 ° С. By the middle of the third decade, unstable weather is possible with showers and thunderstorms, daytime temperature is +23 … +28 degrees. July will end with hot weather, short-term thunderstorms will pass only in places, the maximum temperature is +27 … +32 ° С.

Abnormal heat came to the resort of Sochi at the end of July 2000. On the 30th, the maximum temperature reached +39.4°C, which became a monthly record. Last year's July was moderately warm and wet. The downpour was especially strong on the 5th, when 85 mm fell during the day, more than half of the monthly norm. This day turned out to be the coolest, the daytime temperature did not exceed +22 degrees. On the rest of the month, the air warmed up to +25…+30°C, sometimes up to +32 degrees.

In Crimea the estimated average temperature in July is + 22…+23 °С, which is close to usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 50-60 mm, which is less than usual.

At the beginning of the month without precipitation, the temperature during the day is +28…+33 °С. By the middle of the first decade without significant precipitation, the maximum temperature is +32…+37 °C. At the end of the first ten days, there will be showers with thunderstorms and the heat will weaken to +23…+28 degrees.

By by the middle of the month, local short-term thunderstorms are likely, in the afternoon the air will warm up to +27 …+32 degrees. At the end of the second ten-day period without precipitation, +30…+35 °C in the daytime.

The third decade will be distinguished by unstable weather, short-term thunderstorms and temperature fluctuations during the day from +29… +34 °С to +22…+27 °С

The hottest and driest month was July 2001. The average monthly temperature reached +25.9 degrees, which is 4.2 degrees higher than usual. There were practically no precipitations for the entire month. On July 17th, the air warmed up to a record +37.1°C, the entire second decade turned out to be the warmest in all the years of observations. Last year's month turned out to be somewhat warmer than usual, there was an excess of precipitation. Heavy thunderstorms passed on 4 and 7 July, respectively 35 and                          records.

In the Uralsthe expected average monthly temperature is +20…+24 °С, which is 1-2 degrees higher than the average long-term values. Estimated rainfall is 45-65 mm, which is within normal limits.

In the first decade, short-term thunderstorms in places will pass only in the Middle Urals, in the daytime +26 … + 31 degrees, in the Southern Urals without significant precipitation, the air will warm up to + 33 … + 38 ° С. By the beginning of the second decade, showers with thunderstorms and squally winds will pass, it will become noticeably cooler, +17 … + 22 degrees in the afternoon, + 21 … + 26 degrees in the South Urals. Unstable weather with short-term rains will continue until the end of the second decade, during the day in mainly +20…+25 degrees, in the Southern Urals in some days the temperature rise to +30…+35° ;С. Several fine days are expected in the middle of the third ten-day period, in the afternoon the air will warm up to +23…+28 degrees, in Southern Urals up to +32 °С. July will end with cool weather with  ;short-term rains, daily temperature +16…+21 °С, in Southern Urals up to +25 degrees.

July 1989 was the warmest in Yekaterinburg. The average monthly temperature was +22.7 degrees, which is 4.1 degrees higher than usual. On July 25, the air warmed up to +36.3 degrees, which was a record for the third decade. The monthly record belongs to 2020                                                         Last year's month and in temperature regime, and in precipitation was close to average long-term values.

In south of Western Siberiathe estimated average temperature of the month is +17…+19 °C, which is somewhat cooler than usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 70-90 mm, which is slightly more than the average long-term values.

In the beginning of the month without significant precipitation, in the afternoon +21…+26 degrees. By the end of the first decade it is dry and hot, daytime temperature is +30…+35 °C. By the beginning of the second ten-day period, there will be short-term thunderstorms and it will become cooler, +22…+27 degrees in the afternoon.

Dry and moderately warm weather is expected in the middle of the month, +23 … +28 ° C in the afternoon. The third decade will be characterized by unstable weather, with short-term rains and thunderstorms, daytime temperature fluctuations from +22 .. .+27 °С to +15…+20 °С.

The warmest July was in Novosibirsk in 1969 year. The average monthly temperature reached +23.1 degrees, which is 3.7 degrees higher than usual. On July 3 and 4, the maximum temperature was +35 degrees, which was a record for the first decade of the month. The record of the month was recorded on 12 July 2014 — +36.4° C. Last year's temperature was close to climatic norm, and precipitation was 22 mm, which is 33% of average long-term values.

On  ;south of Eastern Siberia the expected average monthly temperature is +18…+19 °C, which is within normal limits. Precipitation is expected to be 60-90mm, which is close to normal.

In the first days of the month, in some places, intermittent rain and a thunderstorm, daytime temperature +21 … + 26 ° С, in the Irkutsk region up to + 29 ° С. By the end of the first decade, local short-term thunderstorms, in the afternoon +27…+32 degrees.

Unstable weather with short-term rains and thunderstorms is expected in the middle of the month, the prevailing daily temperature is +20…+25 °С. At the end of the second decade, dry weather is expected, during the day the maximum temperature is +22 … +27 ° С. 30 °С to +14…+19 °С.

In Krasnoyarsk Territory in the last days of the month without significant precipitation and it will become warmer: in the afternoon +21…+26 °C, while             the Irkutsk Region will retain cool weather with short-term rains.

In south of the Far East Regionthe estimated average temperature in July is +17…+21 °C, which is within normal limits, in some places it can be a degree cooler than usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 130-200 mm, which is within the normal range, in some places an excess of moisture is possible.

In the first decade, unstable weather is expected, rains are frequent, thunderstorms in places, daytime temperature +16 … +21 °С, in Khabarovsk Territory up to +26 degrees.

By the middle of the month it is dry and warm, in the daytime +20…+25°C, in the Khabarovsk Territory up to +29°C. By the beginning of the third decade, thunderstorms will pass in the Primorsky Territory, in the afternoon +21 … + 26 degrees, in the Khabarovsk Territory without precipitation and up to +30 °C.  short-term thunderstorms, the prevailing temperature during the day is +17…+22 degrees.

In Kaliningrad region (Kaliningrad)the expected average temperature is +18…+19 degrees, which is within the normal range. The expected amount of precipitation is 70-90 mm, which is close to the usual.

In the first days of the month without significant precipitation, in the afternoon the maximum temperature is +21…+26 °C. By the middle of the first decade, short-term thunderstorms, daytime temperatures from 18 to 23 degrees of heat. At the end of the first ten days without precipitation, in the afternoon +20…+25 °С.

By the middle of the month there will be intermittent rains, daytime temperature +19…+24 °С. At the end of the second decade without significant precipitation, during the day the maximum temperature is +24 … +29 degrees. By the beginning of the third ten-day period, hot and dry weather is expected, during the day the maximum temperature is +26 … +31 ° С. …+26 degrees.

Last year's July was the warmest. The average monthly temperature reached +21.3 degrees, which is 2.8 degrees higher than usual. On July 14, the air warmed up to +31.4 degrees, which became a daily record. Precipitation fell within the average long-term values. The strongest thunderstorm was on July 10, when 38 mm fell in a day. The hottest day in July was marked on the 30th in 1994 — +36.3 degrees.

In St. Petersburgthe expected average temperature of the month is +19…+20 °C, which is 1 degree above the norm. The expected amount of precipitation is 80-90 mm, which is close to the usual.

In early July, without significant precipitation, daytime temperature is +19…+24 °C. By the middle of the first decade it will be cloudy with clearings, there will be short-term thunderstorms, +21 … +26 degrees in the afternoon. At the end of the first ten days, heavy thunderstorms will pass, the temperature during the day will be +18 … +23 ° С.

By the middle of the month, warm, but unstable weather is expected with short-term thunderstorms, the maximum daytime temperature is +24 … +29 ° С. At the end of the second decade without significant precipitation, daytime temperature +22…+27 °C. By the middle of the third decade, the weather will remain cloudy with clearings, there will be short-term rains, +17 … + 22 degrees in the afternoon. July will end with warm and dry weather, daytime temperature +23…+28 °С.

Last year's July was the second warmest after 2010. The average monthly temperature was +23.1 degrees, which is 4 degrees higher than usual. On July 11, the air warmed up to +34.2 degrees, which was a record for the second decade of the month. In the first half of the month, no precipitation was observed, thunderstorms passed only in the third ten-day period, as a result, the total amount of precipitation amounted to 50 mm, which is 40% less than usual.

< p>In Moscow and Moscow Region estimated average monthly temperature is around +20 °C, which is close to usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 100-120 mm, which is slightly more than the climatic norm.

In early July, intermittent rain in some places, +18…+23 degrees in the afternoon. By the middle of the first decade it is dry and warm, the temperature during the day is +24 … +29 ° С. At the end of the first ten days, there will be short-term thunderstorms, daytime temperature +20…+25 °C

By the middle of the month, local thunderstorms will pass, heat is expected, in the afternoon the air will warm up to +26… +31 degrees. At the end of the second ten-day period, short-term thunderstorms are possible, in the afternoon + 21 … + 26 ° С. By the beginning of the third decade, dry weather is expected, during the day the maximum temperature is +20 … +25 degrees. No significant precipitation is expected in the middle of the third decade; 28 degrees.

July 2010 was the hottest. The average monthly temperature reached +26 degrees, which is 6-7 degrees higher than usual. On July 29, the air warmed up to +38.2 degrees, which became an absolute record for summer heat. Precipitation was only 12 mm, or 13% of normal. Last year's month was very warm and dry. The average temperature exceeded the norm by 2.5 degrees. 13 July, the maximum temperature reached +33.6 degrees, which became a daily record.

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Swing at William. What glorified himself Fischer, aka Abel, aka Mark

June 21, 1957 at the Latham Hotel in New York FBI agents arrested a man who identified himself as Rudolf Abel. It was a Soviet intelligence agent William Fisher, who went down in history under a completely different name. However, the traitor who betrayed the illegal to the Americans knew Abel under the pseudonym “Mark”.  

He could have been Karl

Over the years of illegal work, the intelligence officer changed more than one name. At birth, his parents named him William, although he could well have become Karl. The fact is that he was born in 1903 in England in a family of socialist political emigrants who were expelled from Russia for active revolutionary activity two years before his birth. Abel's father Heinrich Fischer took an active part in revolutionary activities. I met with Lenin many times. He came from a Russian German family and was fluent in German and English. It seems that the baby born in England was not accidentally named after the great playwright William Shakespeare, whom both of his parents greatly revered. However, being staunch revolutionaries, they, according to some reports, also considered calling him Karl — in honor of Marx.

No lay off

The Fisher family, having accepted Soviet citizenship, but not giving up English, returned to Soviet Russia in 1920. & nbsp; Since 1927, William served in intelligence, in the foreign department of the OGPU, and in 1930 he was sent to England. He quite officially applied to the British embassy for permission to return to his homeland, which was received without much delay. And soon, having become the owner of a British passport, under the guise of a dealer in radio equipment, he was sent to Norway.

Fischer was on a business trip abroad with his wife and daughter. His wife taught ballet at a private school. He led intelligence activities and provided communications with Moscow. From Norway, William returned briefly to the USSR, and in 1935 he was again sent to England. Returning there, he changed his profession as a radio engineer to the role of a free artist. After a second trip to England, he was fired from intelligence without explanation. This was during the period of mass purges, when illegal immigrants who had worked abroad for many years were treated with particular suspicion. 

There are many legends around the name of the intelligence officer. There are some among them, as if he managed to persuade the physicist Peter Kapitsa, to return to the USSR from Englandor that he had an affair with the defector intelligence agent Alexander Orlov. But these versions did not find sufficient confirmation.

The fall of the unstable Vik

After repeated reports about the restoration in intelligence, Fischer was assigned in September 1941 to organize sabotage and partisan detachments behind enemy lines. At the same time, he became friends with fellow worker Rudolf Abel, whose name he would later be called upon arrest in the United States. The real Rudolf Abel retired shortly after the end of the war, and in 1948, in order to obtain information from sources working at nuclear facilities, Fischer began illegal work in America. In New York, given the operative alias “Mark”, he goes by the name of the artist Emil Robert Goldfusssettled in a photography studio in Brooklyn. The work of “Mark” was so successful that in the summer of next year he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. In 1952, to help “Mark” sent «Vika» (this was the operational pseudonym of the radio operator Reino Heihanen). Four years later, a heavy drinker and, as they said then, a morally unstable radio operator were going to be returned to Moscow. However, “Vic” decided to inform the Americans about his work for Soviet intelligence and gave them the Mark. ;                            

Fisher was detained by FBI agents. After that, the main task of the Soviet intelligence officer was to inform Moscow about his arrest, and he named himself after his comrade Rudolf Abel, who died two years ago. Fisher hoped that as soon as reports of Abel's arrest appeared in the American press, his colleagues would immediately understand that it was about him. During the investigation, he categorically denied his affiliation with Soviet intelligence, refused to testify at the trial and rejected all attempts by American intelligence agencies to persuade him to cooperate. At the trial “The United States of America v. Rudolf Ivanovich Abel” the prosecution insisted on the electric chair. However, in the end, the intelligence officer was sentenced to 32 years in prison, which for a person approaching the age of 55 meant almost certain death.

Jeweler's exchange to the “plumber”

At first, the intelligence officer was in a remand prison in New York, then he was transferred to a prison in Atlanta. There he painted pictures, worked on solving mathematical problems, and even taught French to American criminals. The then head of the KGB Vladimir Semichastnyrecalled: “I was told that while in prison, Abel painted a lot. They, in particular, painted a portrait of Kennedy, which he was asked for for the American president himself. They say it even hung in the White House.

It is difficult to establish the reliability of this fact, but the wall of the Lubyanka office of the KGB chairman was really decorated with a small winter landscape by Abel.

In February 1962, William Fisher , who remained for the Americans Rudolf Abel, was exchanged for a spy pilot Francis Gary Powers shot down in the USSR and an American student Frederick Pryor arrested in East Berlin for espionage. CIA director Allen Dullessaid that he would like to have three or four of his people in Moscow like Abel and called him a jeweler. The director of the CIA called the downed pilot a plumber (probably because he laid everything out during interrogations). Returning to the USSR, William Fisher, after rest and treatment, began to work in the central intelligence apparatus.  

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Instead of a zone – to a construction site. How the condemned expiate their guilt by labor

Every year there are more and more people in Russia who want to atone for their guilt by work. In 2022, new correctional centers will appear in the country, where convicts will work. AiF found out why they prefer to work at the factory.

Occupational therapy has been practiced among convicts in Russia under a federal project for five years already. And every year there are more correctional centers (ICs). Those who are convicted of crimes of minor or moderate gravity get here.

Some convicts are sent to centers for forced labor by court order, others are here — as a reward, they came from the colony for good behavior. For them, this is the last step before parole.

Sit out at the factory

In "Corrective Center of the city of Bataysk at FKU IK-15 GUFSIN of Russia in Rostov Region" over                                  — in construction organizations, at shoe factory.

  I spent 8 years in a colony for trafficking drugs, and now I got the opportunity to stay here for two years, I work at a manufacturing plant building foam blocks, — says Alexey Kosov. — In Center — almost like in & nbsp; at will, I have a vacation, I will go to & nbsp; my grandson in & nbsp; Shakhty. If anyone in the colony has a chance to come here — use them! It's not  that the gates — and you are free, and don't know how to live. And here is the opportunity to reconsider life. You begin to look at  reality in a different way.

Aleksey Kosov got to forced labor for good behavior in the colony. Photo: GUFSIN in the Rostov region/press service

His colleague in the workshop Dmitry Shevtsov plans to continue to work in construction in freedom.

“We're reluctant to employ when we're out on freedom. And here I studied a new specialty, I get a salary» — he says 

I am satisfied with the work of my subordinates and entrepreneur Valery Velikoshapka.

 Earlier I had workers who could drink, go to  binge, and with prisoners this is impossible, — says the businessman. — Ten minutes to eight they, like a bayonet, are already in the shop.

After work, convicts have free time, they are allowed to have a mobile phone, they can go outside the center, go to a store and spend leisure time in the city. They are allowed to meet with relatives.

From the convict's salary, 5-20% of the state's income is deducted from depending on the court's decision.

The room itself where they live convicts, looks like a working hostel — there is a TV, the Internet, they arrange their own life.

The concessions for convicts-workers are so great that he can, for example, apply for medical assistance to an ordinary city hospital or polyclinic.

However, guests should not forget that this is still a correctional institution.

In Soviet times, the  construction of the national economy usually sent prisoners to work on  "soft" articles, for them it was called “chemistry”.

Dmitry Shevtsov hopes to be released with a new job and profession. Photo: GUFSIN in the Rostov region/press service

Conductors, electricians and other civil positions

The experience of occupational therapy of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia received a positive response not only from prisoners, but and businessmen .

Entrepreneurs concluded that the labor of prisoners is much more efficient than the labor of migrants, so the federal project for the humanization of convicts went further.

In the coming years, correctional centers will appear in all 85 regions of the country. If now about 18,000 people are involved in forced labor. people, then in a several years the number of places in EC will be brought up to 110 thousands. Such plans were announced in the GUFSIN RF.

If the first centers were erected by the departments of the GUFSIN themselves, then now business provides money for arrangement, and workforce — department.

  New correctional centers are being built in Russia on the territories of large industrial enterprises; explains AiF.ru head of the press service of the GUFSIN of Russia in the Rostov region Boris Marukhyan.   In in our region, a similar center is being built in Krasny Sulin, 90 convicts will live and work on the territory of the plant. Guests can also go outside of the facility. Now a hostel is being built there. The advantage of such accommodation is that the convicts will be employed in one place».

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In Krasny Sulin, on the territory of the plant, trailers are being installed for the housing of convicts. Photo: GUFSIN in the Rostov region/press service

He added that in such centers the living conditions for workers are created by the enterprises themselves, and the department installs video surveillance and fire alarms.

« Another large enterprise is interested in building a similar center in the Rostov region, plus our department will also build its own information center, like in Bataysk. There is a room, it can be equipped, — continues Boris Marukhyan.

In Russia, in 2022, new correctional centers for convicts will be opened in Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Tagil (Sverdlovsk Region), and other regions of the country. In Vurnavakh (Chuvashia), Dagestan, Saratov and Nizhny Novgorod regions, new special institutions are already operating.

“Convicts can work as conductors, electricians, drivers and” occupy other “civilian” positions, — told the press service of the Sverdlovsk Department of the Federal Penitentiary Service. — The creation of such centers will help solve the problem of labor shortage and enable prisoners to better socialize».

Prisoners will live in the trailer — so much better than in a cell in the zone. Photo: GUFSIN in the Rostov region/press service

Based on the experience of prisoners in centers, we can conclude that they rarely violate discipline. And if is — then the cases are isolated. In basic — drinking alcohol.

For the first time, the violator is warned, for the second — through the court they are sent back to the colony.

But the guests of the centers behind barbed wire really do not want to return. Today's “chemistry” in Russia — much more comfortable than forced labor at construction sites in the Soviet Union.

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Why the results of the parliamentary elections in France were compared to an earthquake

The coalition of the left and the party of Marine Le Pen became the triumphs of the last parliamentary elections in France, and the presidential coalition “Together!” did not receive an absolute majority.

Why Mélenchon and Le Pen rejoice

On Monday, June 20, the results of the parliamentary elections were summed up in France. They went through two rounds, on June 12 and 19. 577 deputies of the lower house are elected in majoritarian districts, and in order to win, the applicant must gain a majority (in total, 6293 candidates were registered). As a result of the elections, the “Together!” coalition, which supports President Emmanuel Macron, received the largest number of mandates (245) in the National Assembly. It includes the Renaissance party created by Macron; (formerly Forward Republic!), the centrist Democratic Movement and the centre-right Horizons and “Act.” However, this is not an absolute majority, as in the parliament of the outgoing convocation, where the coalition had 350 seats immediately after the 2017 elections (however, then their number was reduced to 267).

The recently elected President of France lost his absolute majority in parliament for the first time since 1988, Reuters calculated.

Government spokeswoman Olivia Grégoire, on the RMC-BFM radio station, said that the coalition was counting on better results, but even in this situation, the results cannot be considered a defeat for Macron: “The French have voted in elections four times in recent months and each time gave first place to the presidential bloc.” ;,— Grégoire explained, referring to the presidential elections that also took place in the spring in two rounds.

The second in terms of the number of mandates was the union of the left parties “New People's Ecological and Social Union”; (NUPES)— 131 places. It includes the party of Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who came third in the spring presidential election, France Insubordinate, as well as the socialists, the Greens. and communists. Mélenchon called the loss of former positions by the presidential coalition a victory.

Marine Le Pen's far-right National Rally party came third for the first time, with a record number of votes and 89 seats. This significantly exceeds the party's position in the previous parliament, where it had only eight seats. “This group will certainly be the largest in the history of our political family,” — Le Pen said on Sunday, promising her supporters that she will defend the party's line on immigration and security (she proposes to limit the first and strengthen the second).

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Right-wing “Republicans” won 61 seats in the elections. According to The New York Times, this party— one of the main candidates for partners of the presidential bloc, capable of giving an “active majority”, but in this case, “Together!” concessions will have to be made and Macron will be much more dependent on his centrist allies than during his first term.

What the election results mean for Macron

The change in the balance of power in parliament means that Macron will not be able to carry out the planned reforms, relying only on his supporters: the success of the initiatives will depend on his ability to rally moderate forces outside the alliance. “There is nothing worse than adding disorder in France to disorder throughout the world,” — he said before the second round.

Melenchon has already promised that the second place of his coalition will allow him to block all Macron's initiatives. Moreover, on July 5, the left plans to put forward a vote of no confidence in the head of state in parliament. However, even in alliance with Le Pen, they will not have enough votes to carry it through. The prospect of changing the prime minister also looks unrealistic. After the re-election, Macron appointed Elisabeth Born as head of government, in the parliamentary elections she was re-elected in her constituency. Considering this and the overall result of the party, the second woman prime minister in the history of France is likely to retain her post.

Nevertheless, French newspapers and members of the government describe the election results as a shock to the ruling forces. Finance Minister Bruno Le Mer called them a “democratic shock”. If other parties do not cooperate with the pro-presidential alliance, he said, “it will block our ability to reform and protect the French,” Reuters reports.

“Result” risk for our country in the light of the challenges we face, — Born said. According to her, from Monday, work will begin “on the creation of an active majority” capable of working effectively on legislation.

The economic publication Les Echos compared the election results to an earthquake.

The situation for the president is difficult, but not catastrophic, Sergey Fedorov, a leading researcher at the Department of Social and Political Research at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, commented to RBC, although the loss of an absolute majority in the National Assembly by the presidential coalition will certainly make it difficult to pass presidential initiatives through the lower house. Fedorov is also of the opinion that the most likely allies of Vmeste! Republicans may be able to provide the missing 44 seats for an absolute majority, since “many of them are already close enough to the Macron camp.” However, such an alliance may raise the question of the Republican Party’s own political face, which is already in a “foggy position”, the expert stipulates.

Speaking of the extreme measures that Macron can take, Fedorov notes the president’s right dissolve the Parliament according to Art. 12 of the Constitution. In this case, repeated elections will be scheduled, but there is a risk that the results of the president’s supporters will be even more unsatisfactory: “Perhaps in the future, if it becomes clear that the situation is deadlocked and the work of the parliament in such a composition is impossible, the president will resort to such a decision . But now he is unlikely to go for it.

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The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine explained the rejection of Russian literature in schools

Schools and universities should get rid of everything that is somehow connected with the Russian Empire, including works that show the “mystical power of Russian weapons” and “the suffering of the Russian soul,” said the head of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine

< p> Works of the Russian literature heavy for Ukrainians therefore they should be excluded from the curriculum of schools and high schools. This was stated by the Deputy Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine Andriy Vitrenko on the air of “Ukraine 24”.

“Personally, I think that everything that somehow connects us with the Russian Empire should be thrown out. All works in which there is a mystical power of Russian weapons, some kind of mythical, all this must be thrown out, — he noted.

Vetrenko added that such “heavy works”, which describe the suffering of the Russian soul, Ukrainians “do not need at all.”

According to him, the ministry will study the proposal of a special commission on the exclusion of Russian literature and will decide on the introduction of a new program of foreign literature from September 1.

In mid-June, a working group of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine published a decision to exclude works of Russian literature from the school curriculum.

So, in the sixth grade, the fables of Ivan Krylov and the stories of Anton Chekhov will be removed from the program “Chameleon” and Thick and Thin. Seventh-graders will no longer study Vasily Bykov's story “The Alpine Ballad” and poems by Alexander Pushkin.

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All these works will be replaced by works by Western writers.

The document recommended studying the work of Mykola Gogol in the lessons of Ukrainian literature. However, works from the St. Petersburg period of the life and work of the writer will be removed from the program— “Inspector” and “Overcoat”, as well as “Dead Souls”. The commission explained this by “difficulties in the perception of these works by students,” and also by the fact that the “historical context” they are “complicated and distant.”

Before that, Vitrenko announced that the authorities would exclude Leo Tolstoy's novel “War and Peace” from the Ukrainian school curriculum; and other works that describe the actions of the Russian, Soviet or Russian army.

Vice Speaker of the State Duma of Russia Pyotr Tolstoy noted that Ukraine is “zeroing” its future and takes itself out of the brackets of world history, refusing the heritage of Russian culture.

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Aksenov announced the evacuation of 94 people after hitting drilling rigs

On the morning of June 20, the Ukrainian military attacked three Chernomorneftegaz drilling platforms installed at the Odessa field in the Black Sea

Sergey Aksyonov

As a result of Kyiv's attack on the drilling platforms of Chernomorneftegaz 94 people were evacuated, the head of the Crimea Sergey Aksyonov said in his Telegram channel.

“At the moment, 94 people have been evacuated”,— Aksyonov wrote.

According to him, 15 servicemen remain to guard the operating drilling platforms. In addition, it is known about three wounded and seven missing. “I guarantee that their search will continue. The Government of the Republic of Crimea will soon contact the families and friends of the missing and injured,— he added.

Aksyonov reported on the strike on the morning of June 20. According to him, military aircraft and ships were involved in the rescue operation, five people were saved in the morning, including three wounded. TASS, citing a source in the emergency services of the republic, noted that the strike was delivered by a rocket.

Later, Aksenov clarified that 109 people were on the platforms at the time of the strike, 21 people were evacuated. One of the three platforms, on which there were 12 people, was badly damaged by the impact.

Senator from Crimea Olga Kovitidi said that one person received shrapnel wounds, two more had burns.

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Currently, gas production at the field is suspended.

engaged in the production, distribution and sale of gas in the Crimea. “Chernomorneftegaz” exploits hydrocarbon deposits on the shelf of the Black Sea and in the waters of the Sea of ​​Azov and on the land territory of the republic. The company's drilling platforms are located near Zmeiny Island in the Black Sea.

In 2020, the company produced about 1 billion cubic meters. m of gas. In 2014, immediately after the annexation of Crimea to Russia, — 2 billion cubic meters m.

The enterprise is managed by the Crimean Ministry of Fuel and Energy.

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The Federation Council called the words of a German general about a nuclear strike stupidity

Commander of the German Air Force Ingo Gerharz, commenting on the confrontation with Russia, stated the need for NATO to be ready to use nuclear weapons, the Bild newspaper reported. In response, the Senator from Crimea called the general inadequate

Ingo Gerharz

The statement by German Air Force Commander Ingo Gerhartz about the need for NATO to be ready to use nuclear weapons is political stupidity and characterizes the leadership of Western countries as inadequate people, Sergei Tsekov, a senator from the Republic of Crimea, a member of the Federation Council committee on international affairs, told RBC.

«What he said — this is political stupidity, — believes Tsekov.

According to the senator, NATO will not be able to arrange a “small nuclear war”, in the event of a strike on Russia, the war will end badly for everyone.

“This characterizes, in principle, the current political elite of the West: absolutely inadequate people who, for the sake of their ambitions, are ready to destroy not only the whole world, but also themselves,” — says the senator.

Those who attempt to use nuclear weapons against Russia will be guaranteed to be destroyed, Andrey Klimov, deputy chairman of the Federation Council committee on international affairs, commented to RBC. He also noted that Germany does not have nuclear weapons and nothing depends on General Gerhartz.

“This is not the first and not the only general or politician who speaks on this topic, the same Ukrainians scared us with some kind of nuclear weapon. But Germany does not have nuclear weapons, they do not command arsenals, missiles, bombs, so this is more of a political irresponsible trick, — explained Klimov.

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Earlier, the commander of the German Air Force, Ingo Gerharz, commenting on the confrontation with Russia, stated the need for NATO to be ready for the use of nuclear weapons, wrote the newspaper Bild.

“For a credible deterrent, we need both weapons and the political will to implement a nuclear deterrent if necessary,” announced Gerhartz.

In recent months, statements about the risk of nuclear war have been heard from the leaders of both Western countries and Russia. At the end of March, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called such risks very significant: “The danger is serious, it is real, it cannot be underestimated.”

Three days after the start of the special operation in Ukraine, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the Strategic Deterrence Forces (SSS) to be placed on a special alert regime. These forces are designed to deter aggression against Russia, including with the use of nuclear weapons. Later, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported on the implementation of this order.

Presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov noted that any outcome of the Russian special operation in Ukraine would not be a reason for the use of nuclear weapons. The president himself said in June that Russia does not threaten with nuclear weapons.

The US authorities called the escalation of rhetoric about a possible nuclear conflict dangerous and announced that they had canceled planned tests of the Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile in order to reduce tension. The Pentagon noticed that the rhetoric about a possible nuclear war is “dangerous and not useful”, and the White House advocated reducing the number of statements on this topic.

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Borrell says a number of banks are “going too far” in implementing EU sanctions

Some banks are “going too far” by refusing to participate in trade with Russia. The European Commission reminds them of the opportunity to service deals with Russian food and fertilizers, stressed Borrell

Josep Borrell

Some banks are “going too far” in enforcing EU anti-Russian sanctions, they will be reminded of the opportunity to serve transactions with Russian grain and fertilizers. This was stated by the head of European diplomacy Josep Borrell at a press conference following the meeting of the EU Council.

“We send letters to all financial and economic structures with explanations of what they can do. But of course, I can't help but point out that some financial institutions <…> independently made the decision not to engage in trade [with Russia]. It's called “going too far,” — he said.

Borrell noted that he sends the necessary information to banks, insurance and transport companies, reminding that EU sanctions do not prohibit them from trading food and fertilizers with Russia.

Earlier on June 20, Borrell reminded that everyone who wants to buy food and fertilizers from Russia can do it freely. He stressed that these goods are not under sanctions.

The head of European diplomacy stressed that food prices in the world are growing precisely because of Russia's military actions in Ukraine, and not because for European sanctions. He warned of “the risk of a great famine”; and urged Moscow to unblock Ukrainian ports for the export of grain.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, blamed the EU and the United States for possible famine in poor countries.

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He pointed out that Russia is ready to increase the volume of grain supplies next season to 50 million tons and send it to those countries where there is a risk of an increase in the number of hungry people.

Moscow has also repeatedly stressed that they do not interfere with the export of grain from Ukraine, adding that for this Kyiv must clear the approaches to the ports. There are about 20 million tons of grain there.

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The Ministry of Justice entered Ponasenkov’s organization into the register of media-foreign agents

Publicist Yevgeny Ponasenkov was recognized as a foreign agent in early April. Individuals with this status must register a special legal entity

Yevgeny Ponasenkov

The Ministry of Justice entered First Scientific LLC; publicist and blogger Yevgeny Ponasenkov in the list of foreign media outlets acting as a foreign agent follows from the registry data.

The Unified State Register of Legal Entities states that the limited liability company “First Scientific” registered by Ponasenkov on May 18, 2022. Individuals recognized as foreign agents must submit reports on their activities to the Ministry of Justice and register a special legal entity within a month after being entered in the register.

Ponasenkov himself was recognized as an individual performing the functions of a foreign media agent in early April. Then he called his inclusion in the register illegal and said that he would go to court. “First of all, this is absolutely illegal, I didn’t receive a penny from anywhere. I will challenge this in court, of course, — Ponasenkov told RBC.

The list of media-foreign agents includes both individuals and legal entities, there are now 167 of them in the register. In total, the Ministry of Justice maintains four lists of foreign agents— for NGOs, the media, individuals and unregistered organizations.

The bill “On Control over the Activities of Persons Under Foreign Influence”, developed by members of the State Duma commission to investigate the facts of interference of foreign states in the internal affairs of Russia, assumes the emergence of a unified a list of foreign agents instead of the few that currently exist. The authors of the document also propose to recognize foreign agents without foreign funding if a person or organization is under “foreign influence”; by coercion or persuasion.

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Scholz said about Putin’s fear that the “spark of democracy” will come to Russia

German Chancellor Scholz said about Putin's fear that the “spark of democracy” will spread to Russia Because of the fear of spreading the “spark of democracy” to Russia, Putin pursued a policy aimed at disintegrating the EU and NATO for many years, said Scholz

Olaf Scholz

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said that Russian President Vladimir Putin is afraid of spreading the “spark of democracy” to Russia.

“Putin appears to be afraid that the spark of democracy might jump to Russia. That is why for many years he pursued a policy aimed at the disintegration of NATO and the EU, — he wrote on Twitter.

The chancellor felt that the Russian leader wants to return to the zone of influence policy. “But he won't succeed,” — he added.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova commented on Scholz's words, noting that “German sparks” had spread to Russia a couple of times. “No more fires allowed,” — she assured.

Putin during the Eastern Economic Forum in September 2021 noted that under the slogan of promoting democracy, the West seeks to maintain its influence in the world.

“If some people need democracy, the people will come to it themselves. You don't need to do it by violent means,»,— he emphasized. The Russian leader noted that the example of Afghanistan was supposed to prove the futility of trying to “civilize” other nations follow their example.

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The head of state then called sanctions part of the policy of imposing his values ​​on other countries.

On the impossibility of “importing democracy” Putin has spoken before. So, in 2017, he considered it impossible that the same order would soon come in Russia as in the USA, France or Germany. The head of state explained this by saying that society should develop gradually.

At the same time, he urged not to demonize Russia, which is a democratic and sovereign country. “There are certain problems with this, but there are also great advantages,” & mdash; Putin emphasized.

In 2020, the President of Russia pointed out that real democracy and civil society cannot be “the product of the activities of foreign well-wishers.”

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State organizations will receive a double salary for business trips to Donbass

Employees of state organizations, as well as employees of other structures that are involved in the restoration of Donbass and “other territories” will be able to receive a double salary

Employees of state organizations seconded to the territory of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR ) will receive double wages during business trips. The corresponding document of the government is published on the official portal of legal information.

"Employees during their stay on business trips in the territories of the DPR, LPR and other territories maintain the average wage <…> is paid in rubles at a double rate,»,— says the document.

The decision concerns citizens holding positions in federal bodies that are not classified as public service, as well as employees of organizations and institutions subordinate to federal authorities.

Employees can also count on double pay other organizations involved in the restoration of Donbass infrastructure.

On May 19, the first deputy head of the presidential administration, Sergei Kiriyenko, announced that the Russian regions would take patronage over the regions of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics. For example, the Leningrad region promised to help Yenakiyevo in the DPR to restore a kindergarten and a school. The governor of the Kursk region, Roman Starovoit, said that the region would help prepare engineering infrastructure for winter, as well as repair roads and social institutions in the Pervomaisky district of the DPR. The Moscow region will help the Novoazovsky and Telmanovsky districts of the DPR in restoring roads and infrastructure, said Andrei Vorobyov, Governor of the Moscow Region. The authorities of the Bryansk, Nizhny Novgorod regions, as well as Sevastopol announced patronage over certain territories in the LPR and DPR.

In St. Petersburg, they promised to help the sister city of Mariupol. In particular, the head of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, Alexander Belsky, proposed sending old city buses to Mariupol as assistance. The head of St. Petersburg Alexander Beglov said that the authorities will help create enclosures for stray dogs on the territory of Mariupol.

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Peskov called Americans captured in Ukraine “soldiers of fortune”

In mid-June, Russian media published a video of two captured men who introduced themselves as US citizens. According to Peskov, these “soldiers of fortune” took part in the shelling of the Russian military and should be punished

Dmitry Peskov

The Americans Alexander Dryuke and Andy Hyun, captured in Ukraine, are “soldiers of fortune” who participated in attacks on the Russian military and committed “crimes”. This was stated by the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov in an interview with NBC News.

“They are soldiers of fortune and were involved in illegal activities on the territory of Ukraine. They participated in the shelling of our military. They threatened their lives and must be held accountable for the crimes they committed,— he said.

June 17 in the Izvestia Telegram channels and RT have released videos of two men claiming to be US citizens.

The first man, with whom RT showed a recording, introduced himself as Alexander Dryuke, a native of Alabama. He said that he was alive, said hello to his mother and expressed the hope that he would return home.

On the second entry, published by Izvestia, the man introduces himself as Andy Wien from Alabama . He claims that he used to “believe propaganda” that cast Russians in a bad light. But now he believes that the Ukrainian army is incompetent and corrupt.

The Telegraph previously reported that the Dryukei Hyun fought on the side of the Ukrainian army and were captured near Kharkov. Their families told CNN that there was no contact with the Americans for about a week. According to the TV channel, the men disappeared during the battle near the village of Izbitskoye, their search yielded no results.

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At the same time, the official representative of the US State Department, Ned Price, said that the department has information about the loss of the third American in recent weeks. CNN, citing the wife of the military, specified that this was a veteran of the Marine Corps, Grady Kerpasi.

After reports of captured Americans, US President Joe Biden once again urged citizens to refrain from traveling to Ukraine.

February 27, a few days after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, President Volodymyr Zelensky announced Kyiv's intention to involve foreign volunteers in the fighting. Then he announced the creation of an international legion of territorial defense of Ukraine.

The Russian Ministry of Defense calls foreign volunteers mercenaries, the department has repeatedly reported on their destruction.

Three foreign citizens were taken prisoner by the DPR forces: the British Sean Pinner, Aiden Aslin and Moroccan Saadoun Brahim. They were sentenced to death for mercenarism. In Britain, they considered the sentence illegitimate and fictitious and said that they were working on the release of the convicts.

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The authorities of Kaliningrad announced the delivery of sanctioned goods by water

Ferries and ships will be used to deliver goods that are already under sanctions. Previously, they were delivered by trains through the territory of Lithuania

Goods that are not subject to restrictions on transit from Russian regions to the Kaliningrad region through Lithuania will be transported by rail to unload ferries. Governor Anton Alikhanov announced this on his Telegram channel.

He explained that it is planned to use ferries and ships to deliver goods that are already under sanctions, including, for example, building materials.

< p>Alikhanov noted that also in the government of the Kaliningrad region, an operational headquarters was created with the participation of representatives from federal departments to solve transport and logistics problems.

He added that there is no shortage of goods in the region and not expected. Alikhanov again urged the population not to buy goods for the future. “Where will you put this cement, which is now being purchased in huge quantities, — unclear. There will be no problems with the delivery of cement to the region, it is already partially delivered by ferries, — said the governor.

Lithuania announced a ban from June 18 on the transit of sanctioned goods between the Kaliningrad region and the rest of Russia through its territory. As Alikhanov reported, the restrictions apply to building materials, cement, metals and other products. He called this decision a violation of the international obligations of Lithuania and the EU to ensure the free transit of goods.

The Russian Foreign Ministry protested the actions of Vilnius and demanded that the restrictions be lifted immediately. In Lithuania, they said that the decision was made after consultations with the European Commission and in accordance with its directives. In the spring, the EU introduced several packages of sanctions against Russia, including steel, iron, timber, cement, coal and other goods. The Kremlin called the transit restriction an unprecedented and illegal step.

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What will the ban on the transit of sanctioned goods to Kaliningrad lead to?

Lithuania, referring to the EU sanctions, has limited Russian transportation by rail to the Kaliningrad region, banning the transportation of sanctioned goods. In Moscow, the measure was called unprecedented and they intend to respond

What kind of cargo has been banned by Lithuania

Lithuania, a member of the European Union and NATO, has banned the transit of Russian sanctions of the EU and those following from the regions of Russia to Kaliningrad. This became known on June 18 from a statement by the Governor of the Kaliningrad Region Anton Alikhanov (the region is a Russian semi-exclave, that is, it does not have a common land border with the main territory of the country, but has access to the sea).

The list of goods, the transit of which from the territory of Russia to the territory of its semi-exclave is prohibited, is defined by the latest edition of the regulation of the Council of the European Union (No. 833/2014 “On restrictive measures in connection with Russia's actions to destabilize Ukraine”). It contains a ban on the import, transfer or transportation of products made of iron, steel and some other metals, as well as caviar, alcohol, fertilizers, timber and wood products, glass containers and cement. Quotas have been determined for the transportation of fertilizers. From August 10, a ban on the transportation of coal will begin to operate, from December 5— oil, from February 5 next year— oil products. Article 3L of this regulation also prohibits Russian transport companies from transporting goods on EU roads, with the exception of goods to Kaliningrad, but in the event that the carriage of goods is not prohibited by another rule, recalls Ivan Timofeev, program director of the Russian International Affairs Council. In his opinion, the Lithuanian authorities at this stage, most likely, will rely on the articles prohibiting the transportation of iron and steel products, as well as goods from Annex XXI (it includes fertilizers, wood products, and caviar).

Lithuania is acting in accordance with the clarifications received from the European Commission, said Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis. In general, overland transit between the Kaliningrad region and other regions of Russia has not been stopped or blocked, the transit of passengers and goods not subject to EU sanctions continues, said Lina Laurinaitė-Grigene, a representative of the Lithuanian Customs Department (quoted by the Delfi portal). According to her, we are talking about the implementation of measures from the fourth package of EU sanctions. Lithuania missed those trains, the documents for which were issued before the decision to ban transit, Dmitry Lyskov, head of the press service of the government of the Kaliningrad region, told RBC.

What is the share of rail transit and is there a replacement

Alikhanov estimated the restriction of cargo turnover at 40-50% of all cargo that traveled through Lithuania by rail. Onzhe said that maritime transport could replace rail transit. For the optimal redistribution of cargo traffic, according to preliminary estimates, seven ships will be needed, which are in the Baltic and will be involved in work, two will enter the line this week, carriers are ready to put ships on the Ust-Luga line— Baltiysk, said Lyskov.

“In recent years, about 10-15 million tons of cargo have been transported by rail annually. We believe that the capacities of the port complex of the Kaliningrad region will allow to process these cargoes in full. According to available estimates, the throughput of cargo port terminals is about 45 million tons annually, and in recent years the volume of cargo processed by the region's port complex was no more than 14 million tons,— Maxim Pershin, deputy director of the ACRA group of sovereign and regional ratings, told RBC. According to him, the port facilities in the Leningrad region are also sufficient to maintain cargo turnover. “In order to replace cargo transportation by rail, it may be necessary to increase the number of ferries between the Kaliningrad and Leningrad regions,” — allowed by the expert.

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What problems threaten the region< /p>

According to the regional government, the most sensitive situation is with cement and metal structures. “The sanctions list includes individual positions for components. At the same time, not all brands of cement are under sanctions,— said Dmitry Lyskov. According to him, the ban on transit— it is an inconvenience and expense, not a matter of survival or starvation. “We will still calculate a possible estimate of the rise in price, this is a complex figure, which includes not only logistics. In contrast to the railway, maritime traffic is highly dependent on the weather (temporary lags due to storms), which can affect the price, & mdash; explained Lyskov.

In 2020, almost 443 thousand tons of various types of cement were delivered to the Kaliningrad region from the territory of Russia. Cement— the goods are not very difficult to transport, they do not require special port facilities and can be transported by sea, Andrey Piskunov, managing director of the NKR rating agency, told RBC. “In the moment, this can damage the pace of construction” companies will take a break until the logistics are reorganized,— expert suggested. The situation is the same with metal structures, Piskunov noted, they can be transported by sea. How much the goods can rise in price for the consumer will depend on the volume of supplies.

How Moscow can respond

Alikhanov called Lithuania's decision an openly hostile step, since it concerns goods that are brought in and taken out from Kaliningrad to other regions of Russia. In his opinion, in Brussels they can “elementary” to solve this problem: an exception was made for Kaliningrad transit in the fifth package of EU sanctions, it should be extended to all the imposed packages of sanctions. So far, the European Commission has not commented on the possibility of expanding the list of exceptions for the Kaliningrad region. “The situation in Kaliningrad will not affect the rest of the world, but the rest of the world is affected by the situation that is unfolding in Ukraine,” — said EU Commissioner for Foreign Policy Josep Borrell, answering a question whether the ban on transit to Kaliningrad would cause new tensions in relations with Russia.

Alikhanov's position was supported in Moscow. Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov called the actions of the Lithuanian authorities unprecedented and illegal: “This is a violation of everything and everything.” The Russian Foreign Ministry summoned the Charge d'Affaires of Lithuania Virginia Umbrasiene, who was told that “if in the near future freight transit between the Kaliningrad region and the rest of the territory of the Russian Federation through Lithuania is not restored in full, then Russia reserves the right to actions to protect their national interests».

After the start of a special Russian operation in Ukraine, Lithuania withdrew its ambassador from Moscow. The statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry stated that the measures taken by Vilnius contradict the 2002 agreement with the European Union on transit between the Kaliningrad region and the rest of the territory of the Russian Federation. It spells out «the uniqueness of the situation in the Kaliningrad region», however, the actions in case of imposition of sanctions are not specified.

According to Timofeev, Russia is unlikely to come to military measures, but the decision of Lithuania— this is a serious escalation of tensions.

In response to economic measures, Governor Alikhanov allowed a counter ban on transit. “Let's open the map and see where they carry the goods that are delivered to them in ports. If we exclude transit through the territory of the Russian Federation, then their competitiveness will not only drop significantly, but simply reset to zero, — he said on the air of the Russia 24 TV channel. State Duma deputy from United Russia Oleg Morozov suggested introducing a sanctions ban on all Lithuanian goods, as well as suspending energy traffic from Belarus.

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The Ministry of Defense reported on the shelling of residential areas of Kharkiv by artillery of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

The Armed Forces of Ukraine (APU) deployed an artillery battery in the Kharkiv region for provocative shelling of residential areas of Kharkov. This was announced by the head of the National Center for Defense Control of Russia, Colonel-General Mikhail Mizintsev.

“According to the available reliable information, the Kyiv regime in the Kharkiv region organized another provocation against the local population with the aim of subsequently accusing Russian units of allegedly indiscriminate strikes against civilians, as well as creating conditions for their eviction from apartments and placing firing positions in empty premises” ,— said a representative of the Ministry of Defense (TASS quote).

According to him, in order to implement this provocation in the Kharkiv region, units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine have deployed an artillery battery, which periodically shells residential areas of Kharkiv. At the direction of the Kyiv authorities, it is planned to use Ukrainian and foreign journalists to prepare fake photo and video materials about the alleged “murders of civilians in the city by Russians”, which will be widely distributed by Western news agencies.

Mizintsev stressed that these facts once again demonstrate the complete disregard of the Ukrainian authorities for the norms of international humanitarian law. According to him, this is happening with the tacit consent of the Western countries, which continue to turn a blind eye to the numerous war crimes of the Kyiv regime.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.< /p>

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Russia conducts a special operation on “demilitarization and denazification” Ukraine since February 24. To date, Russian troops, as well as the forces of the People's Militia of the DPR and LPR, have managed to take control of Kherson, most of the Zaporozhye, Luhansk and Donetsk regions, as well as about a third of the Kharkov region of Ukraine.

< p>The Ministry of Defense has repeatedly accused the Ukrainian side of preparing provocations.

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