The Kremlin saw a reason for analysis in the situation with Sweden, Finland and NATO

Dmitry Peskov: Finland and Sweden's accession to NATO is a reason for a very deep analysis According to Peskov, Moscow will analyze the current events, but is already convinced that NATO expansion will not strengthen Europe's security https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/8/58/756526957084588.jpg” alt=”The Kremlin saw a reason for analysis in the situation with Sweden, Finland and NATO” />

Dmitry Peskov < p>Moscow will monitor the situation with joining the North Atlantic Alliance, said the press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov in response to a question about how Vladimir Putin reacted to this decision of the Scandinavian countries.

“We will be watching very closely what will happen, we are carefully recording all statements,” — Peskov said (quote from Interfax).

Peskov called the situation “a reason for a very deep analysis of possible consequences,” and also noted Moscow's conviction that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO is not will improve the architecture of security on our continent.

At the same time, as the Kremlin representative pointed out, Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland and Sweden, while in the case of Ukraine, if it joined NATO, “Russia would have a territorial dispute with a state that participates in the alliance,” pointed out Peskov.

Earlier, the Russian Foreign Ministry called the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO “a grave mistake with far-reaching consequences.” The department indicated that Russia will decide how to ensure its security, based on the practical consequences of the entry of the two countries into the alliance.

Stockholm and Helsinki, which previously adhered to a policy of military neutrality, officially announced their intention to become members of NATO on 15 May. In Sweden, this decision was explained by the fact that the country does not want Russia's actions following Ukraine to be directed against Sweden. It is going to become a NATO member with a clause not to deploy nuclear weapons and permanent bases on its territory.

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Finland indicated that the country will apply to join the alliance after consultations with parliament on May 16. The terms of entry were not specified. Before that, the Finnish authorities indicated that the country would become a member of the alliance, “so that there would never be a new war in Finland.”

Putin said that he considered Finland's entry into NATO a mistake, since there were no threats to the country's security.< /p>

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg promised that the process of accepting new members will be accelerated, and the security of the two states will be ensured during this transitional period. German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock also stressed that Sweden and Finland “will be able to join quickly”, and the NATO countries “should give them security guarantees”.

There are disagreements about joining the alliance both within these two countries as well as in NATO. Two Swedish parties, as well as Turkey and Croatia, opposed it.

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Peskov called the differences between Ukraine and Sweden with Finland in NATO

Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland and Sweden. If Ukraine became a member of NATO, then Moscow would have a territorial dispute, which carries huge, huge risks for the entire continent, Peskov explained

Dmitry Peskov

Possible entry of Ukraine into NATO could lead to territorial dispute between Russia and a state that is part of the alliance. Russia has no territorial disputes with Sweden and Finland. This was stated by the press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov, TASS reports.

“We have no territorial disputes with either Finland or Sweden. While Ukraine could potentially become a NATO member, and then Russia would have a territorial dispute with a state that participates in the alliance, which carries huge, huge risks for the entire continent, — Peskov explained.

The Kremlin believes that the accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO will not strengthen the security architecture in Europe. At the same time, Peskov noted that the entry of the Scandinavian countries into the alliance— this is a very serious matter and Russia will be watching closely what the implications for its security will be.

Sweden and Finland officially announced on 15 May that they were going to apply to join NATO. Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said Sweden's neutrality “has served her well” but that such a policy would not be useful going forward as Stockholm fears threats from Moscow. The ruling Social Democratic Party of Sweden indicated that the application to the alliance would be submitted with the proviso “against the deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases on Swedish territory.”

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Prime Minister Sanna Marin announced at a joint press conference that the country would apply for NATO membership “after consulting parliament” on 16 May.

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NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the process of accepting Sweden and Finland into the bloc will be accelerated, but it will still take some time. During this period, the alliance will consider ways to ensure the security of both countries.

In June 2020, Ukraine became a member of the NATO Enhanced Opportunities Partnership. The status gave the country wider access to the programs and exercises of the North Atlantic Alliance, however, its award does not mean any decisions on the issue of NATO membership.

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TRT announces refusal of Finland and Sweden to extradite ‘terrorists’ to Turkey

The authorities did not receive a single positive response to the extradition request for 33 individuals. The residence of members of the PKK and FETO banned in Turkey in Sweden and Finland is the reason why Ankara opposes the membership of these countries in NATO

Stockholm, Sweden

Sweden and Finland did not agree to extradite 33 members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and the Hizmet movement to Ankara at its request; (FETO), recognized as terrorist in Turkey, according to TRT Haber.

According to the channel, 19 requests for extradition were rejected, five were not answered, and the process for the remaining nine is ongoing. 12 citizens whose extradition is required by the Turkish authorities are in Finland, 21— in Sweden.

On May 13, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that the Scandinavian countries are “guest houses for terrorist organizations”: PKK members live in Sweden and the Netherlands and even participate in parliament there. In this regard, Erdogan does not positively assess the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO.

According to Finnish President Sauli Niinistö, in a personal telephone conversation, Erdogan told him that he was not against the country's membership in the North Atlantic Alliance. He asked the Turkish authorities to clarify their position. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu then stressed that Ankara is committed to NATO's open door policy, but cannot ignore “concrete findings about supporting terrorism.” on the territory of the two candidate states.

On May 15, Sweden and Finland announced their official decision to apply for NATO membership.

The leader of the European Parliament's largest faction, the European People's Party, Manfred Weber, warned that there was no apparent reason to delay or block the entry of countries into the alliance, and those who would impede this process would be “isolated within the Commonwealth.”

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Speech by country leaders at the CSTO summit. Video

The 30th anniversary summit of the leaders of the countries participating in the Collective Security Treaty Organization is taking place in Moscow. Russian President Vladimir Putin and leaders of other countries spoke at the meeting. RBC broadcast from the meeting

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Лукашенко назвал опасными попытки расчленения Украины

Lukashenka did not rule out that the West plans to make it “flare up more widely.” He warned about the creation of “thousand-strong units” in order to enter Ukraine “under the guise of peacekeepers”. Previously, Poland made such a proposal

Alexander Lukashenko

In the situation around Ukraine, the trend towards attempts to dismember it is dangerous, the West has already created “thousandth units” under the guise of peacekeepers, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko said at the summit of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) in Moscow. RBC is broadcasting.

“The most dangerous trend in Ukraine today” attempts to dismember Ukraine. Thousands of subdivisions have already been created to enter Ukraine under the guise of peacekeepers and protect it, — said Lukashenka.

Video

According to the President of Belarus, the West is pumping weapons into Ukraine in order to prolong the conflict and weaken Russia, and perhaps make wider.

“If this is the intention, then, probably, no one will be able to sit it out,” — concluded Lukashenka.

Poland previously offered to send peacekeepers to Ukraine. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warned of the risk of a direct clash between the Russian army and NATO forces in such a scenario.

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Polish President Andrzej Duda said earlier that there would no longer be a border between his country and Ukraine. Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of Russia Dmitry Medvedev saw in his words “territorial claims against Ukraine” and the announcement of a course towards its division.

Secretary of the Russian Security Council Nikolai Patrushev said that Ukraine could break up into several states as a result of the policy of the West and the “Kyiv regime controlled by it.” The Kremlin ruled out Moscow's plans to divide Ukraine.

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Putin said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO does not pose a threat

At the same time, the President stressed that the expansion of military infrastructure in the Scandinavian countries “will certainly cause our response”

Video

Russia has no problems with Finland and Sweden, their entry into NATO does not pose an immediate threat, Russian President Vladimir Putin said at the CSTO summit. But the expansion of military infrastructure in these territories “will cause a backlash,” the president continued. RBC is broadcasting the summit.

“As for the expansion of the North Atlantic Alliance: yes, this is a problem that is created, in my opinion, completely artificially in the foreign policy interests of the United States. <…> Russia has no problems with these states [with Sweden and Finland], and therefore, in this sense, [NATO] expansion at the expense of these countries does not pose an immediate threat <…> But the expansion of military infrastructure in the territory of this region will certainly cause our response,— Putin said.

At the same time, the president stressed that the actions of the Scandinavian states could aggravate “an already difficult situation in the field of international security.”

Stockholm and Helsinki, which previously adhered to a policy of military neutrality, officially announced their intention to become members of NATO on 15 May. Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said that Sweden's neutrality “has served her well”, but this policy will not be useful in the future, as Stockholm fears threats from Moscow.

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and the Prime Minister Sanna Marin announced at a joint press conference that the country will apply for NATO membership “after consultation with Parliament”, which will take place on May 16.

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NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the process of admitting Sweden and Finland to the bloc will be accelerated, but it will still take some time. During this period, he said, the alliance will consider ways to ensure the security of both countries.

At the same time, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has previously said that the Scandinavian countries are “a guest house for terrorist organizations.” He explained that members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, banned in Turkey, live in Sweden, the Netherlands and even participate in parliament. “We can't look at it positively,” — he noted.

The Russian Foreign Ministry called the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO “a grave mistake with far-reaching consequences.” The department indicated that Russia will decide how to ensure its security, based on the practical consequences of the entry of the two countries into the alliance. Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said on May 12 that Sweden and Finland, who want to join NATO, could become Russia's target if alliance troops appear on the territory of these countries. “They know that as soon as they become members of NATO, this will require certain mirror steps from the Russian side,” — he said, calling NATO “an unfriendly bloc”; and the “enemy”.

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CSTO leaders declared their readiness to establish cooperation with NATO

At the same time, the CSTO leaders stressed that they were concerned about the situation at the external borders and expressed their readiness to ensure the security of the borders

During the meeting of the leaders of the CSTO member states in Moscow

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is ready to establish practical cooperation with NATO to “reduce tensions on the continent,” the CSTO leaders said in a joint statement following the summit.

“Realizing our responsibility for ensuring lasting peace in the Eurasian region, we emphasize the importance of reducing tensions on the continent and confirm our readiness to establish practical interaction with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, — says the statement.

At the same time, the CSTO leaders expressed concern about the situation in Afghanistan and on other external borders of the states— members of the CSTO and noted that they are ready to ensure the security of the borders of the organization's zone of responsibility.

In addition, the CSTO condemned “any attempt to falsify historical events related to the common contribution to counteracting Nazi aggression.” The leaders agreed to continue counteracting any attempts to glorify Nazism and spread neo-Nazism, as well as racism and xenophobia.

The summit of the leaders of the CSTO countries, timed to coincide with the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the organization, was held on May 16 in Moscow . The summit was attended by Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, Presidents of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov, Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, and Russian President Vladimir Putin.

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Relationships Moscow and the North Atlantic Alliance deteriorated even before the start of the Russian operation in Ukraine. In October last year, Russia suspended the work of the permanent mission to NATO and the activities of the military liaison mission and the bloc's information bureau in Moscow in response to the expulsion of Russian diplomats from the alliance. After that, a series of negotiations on security guarantees for Moscow took place, which were unsuccessful.

On February 24, during the announcement of the start of a special operation in Ukraine, the Russian president stressed that NATO's eastward expansion was of “special concern and alarm.” In his opinion, the alliance has become “an instrument of foreign policy”; Washington. In mid-March, the Foreign Ministry announced that relations between Russia and NATO had reached the “zero mark”, accusing the bloc of suspending military and civil cooperation with the Russian side since 2014 and ignoring Moscow's security concerns.

Against the backdrop of the military operation in Ukraine, Finland and Sweden have officially announced their intention to join NATO. Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said that Sweden's neutrality “has served her well”, but this policy will not be useful in the future, as Stockholm fears threats from Moscow.

In Moscow, the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO has been called “a grave mistake with far-reaching consequences.” Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said on May 12 that Sweden and Finland, who want to join NATO, could become Russia's target if alliance troops appear on the territory of these countries. “They know that as soon as they become members of NATO, this will require certain mirror steps from the Russian side,” — he said, calling NATO “an unfriendly bloc”; and the “enemy”.

Video

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The customs of the Crimea denied the delay of goods on the border with the Kherson region

Information about delays in sending humanitarian and other goods across the border of the Republic of Crimea to the Kherson region does not correspond to reality, the press service of the Crimean customs told RBC.

“The information does not correspond reality. The Crimean customs in the shortest possible time carries out the clearance of humanitarian cargoes following the territory of Ukraine, controlled by the Russian military. <…> The average time is 15 & ndash; 20 minutes. In the 24/7 mode, coordination of the processing of humanitarian aid, the movement of humanitarian convoys through automobile checkpoints is carried out, their exit and return are monitored, — reported in the customs of the Crimea.

They stressed that work at the checkpoints in Crimea is carried out in an enhanced mode of service, and a reverse traffic pattern has been organized, in accordance with which oncoming traffic lanes are additionally used. The same applies to cargo with outfit and equipment collected by volunteers for military personnel, the press service added.

In the press service of the head of the Republic of Crimea, RBC was advised to contact the border department of the Federal Security Service of Russia for the Republic of Crimea for comment. RBC sent a request to the FSB border control in Crimea.

Russia launched an operation in Ukraine on February 24th. Ukraine then severed diplomatic relations with Russia, introduced martial law and announced mobilization.

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Kherson was occupied by the Russian military already on March 2, and on March 15 control was established over the entire territory of the region. Later, military-civilian administrations were created there and in the south of the Zaporozhye region. From May 1, the Kherson region is switching to the use of the ruble, Russian TV channels have been launched in the region.

Since March, the Russian authorities have begun delivering food and humanitarian aid to the residents of the Kherson region, mainly through the territory of Crimea. The head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, also earlier lifted the ban on the import and export of a number of goods from the Kharkiv, Kherson and Zaporizhia regions of Ukraine.

On May 11, the deputy head of the military-civilian administration of the region, Kirill Stremousov, announced his intention to appeal to President Vladimir Putin with a request annex the Kherson region to Russia. He explained that the world community did not recognize the 2014 referendum on the entry of Crimea into Russia. In turn, presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov previously noted that the issue of including the Kherson region into Russia should be decided by the inhabitants of the region.

news even in conditions of blocking

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The Ministry of Defense announced the beginning of the evacuation of the wounded from Azovstal

They are taken to the territory of the DPR in Novoazovsk, where they will receive medical assistance. Silence mode introduced in Azovstal area

Plant “Azovstal” in Mariupol

From the territory of the Azovstal plant; In Mariupol, the evacuation of wounded Ukrainian soldiers began, the Russian Defense Ministry said. Through the humanitarian corridor, they are taken to the Novoazovsk hospital in the Donetsk People's Republic. Silence has been introduced in the area of ​​the plant.

The evacuation began as a result of negotiations with representatives of the Ukrainian military blocked on the territory of the plant, the department specified.

The fact that Azovstal take out the wounded soldiers, before that the commander of the battalion “Vostok” said Donetsk People's Republic Alexander Khodakovsky on Telegram.

RBC turned for comments to Human Rights Ombudsman Tatyana Moskalkova and Denis Pushilin, representative of the head of the DPR.

On Monday morning from the territory of “Azovstal” ten soldiers came out with white flags. According to Khodakovsky, they asked for negotiations. “As it turned out, the group left, representing the interests of a larger group that continues to be at Azovstal, — he explained.

Later, Khodakovsky said that ten military men, who acted as negotiators, and representatives of the DPR determined the routes for the removal of the wounded. After that, the forces controlled by Kyiv, blocked on the territory of the plant, began clearing the rubble, they were not hindered, the Vostok commander specified.

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Turkey offered to evacuate the wounded Ukrainian military on its ships across the Black Sea to Istanbul. According to Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin, he discussed the proposal with President Volodymyr Zelensky two weeks ago and it remains relevant despite Moscow not agreeing to it.

The Minister Defense of Russia Sergei Shoigu reported to President Vladimir Putin about the capture of Mariupol on April 21. Then Putin instructed to cancel the assault on the plant, where the forces controlled by Kyiv remained, but ordered to completely block it.

After that, negotiations on the evacuation of blocked people on the territory of the plant intensified. The Ukrainian side reported that Azovstal including the wounded and civilians. UN Secretary General António Guterres, who visited Moscow in late April, said that Putin had agreed to participate in the evacuation of the UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

The evacuation of civilians began on May 5, and on May 7 May, the Ministry of Defense announced its completion. The DPR claimed that on May 7, Azovstal 50 people were taken out, in total by that time 176 civilians had left the plant.

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Swedish government announces decision to apply for NATO membership

Sweden's intention to apply for NATO membership was announced yesterday by the ruling Social Democratic Party (S/SAP). According to the country's prime minister, the government's decision is “a sign of strength in a difficult time for Sweden”

Magdalena Andersson

Sweden will soon apply for membership in the North Atlantic Alliance, the government has decided to do so. This was stated by Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson, reports Gotenbug-posten.

“The overwhelming majority in the Swedish Riksdag [unicameral parliament] was in favor of Sweden joining NATO”,— she said.

She says the decision is “a sign of strength at a difficult time for Sweden.”

On May 15, the ruling Social Democratic Party (S/SAP) announced the decision to apply for Sweden's accession to NATO. “The party will work to get Sweden to apply for NATO membership. Thus, the Social Democrats will seek to ensure that Sweden, in the event that the NATO application is approved, expresses unilateral reservations against the deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases on Swedish territory, — stated in the statement.

On the same day, Magdalena Andersson explained that the country's neutrality “served well”, but in the future such a policy would not be useful, SVT reports. She added that she did not want Russia's actions following Ukraine to be directed against Sweden.

The Finnish government also made the decision to join NATO earlier. As President Sauli Niinistö noted, the decision was also made because of Russia's actions in Ukraine.

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The United States and most of the EU countries supported Finland and Sweden's aspirations to join NATO, while Croatia and Turkey opposed it. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan noted that the Scandinavian countries are “a guest house for terrorist organizations.” He explained that members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, banned in Turkey, live in Sweden, the Netherlands, and are even the first to be represented in parliament.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, speaking at the CSTO summit on May 16, said that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO does not pose an immediate threat to Russia, but the expansion of military infrastructure in the territory of the Scandinavian countries “will certainly cause our response.” The Foreign Ministry previously warned that Moscow would be forced to take military-technical measures if the Scandinavian countries joined the alliance.

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The curator of urban transport will leave the Ministry of Transport

According to RBC sources, the department of state policy in the field of road and urban transport may be headed by Valery Kulikov, director general of the FBU “Road Transport Agency”

Aleksey Bakirey

Alexei Bakirei, Director of the Department of State Policy in the Field of Automobile and Urban Passenger Transport of the Ministry of Transport, will leave his post. RBC was told about this by two sources— in a specialized scientific organization and a company engaged in the production of rolling stock for public transport. Bakirey's contract is ending, it will not be extended, RBC's interlocutors say.

The representative of the Ministry of Transport and Bakirey declined to comment.

Bakirey joined the Ministry of Transport in the fall of 2012. At first, he served as deputy director of the department, in May 2013 he became its director.

Prior to that, Bakirey was the head of the committee on transport and transit policy of St. Petersburg. Bakirey's transfer to the Ministry of Transport took place six months after the appointment of Maxim Sokolov, who also previously worked in St. Petersburg, as minister.

According to one of RBC's interlocutors, the new head of the department of state policy in the field of road and urban passenger transport will be the general director of the FBU &laquo “Motor Transport Agency” Ministry of Transport (FBU “Rosavtotrans”) Valery Kulikov. In 2020–2021, he was Deputy Head of Rostransnadzor.

In 2022, Deputy Minister Vladimir Tokarev left the Ministry of Transport (he was arrested in a case of fraud), Deputy Minister Kirill Bogdanov, and Dmitry Poplaukhin, Director of the Digital Development Department of the Ministry of Transport.

RBC sent a request to the press service of Rosavtotrans.

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In Russia, they proposed not to comply with the decisions of the ECtHR, issued on March 16

At the same time, the Prosecutor General's Office until January 1 will continue to pay compensation for decisions of the ECHR issued before March 16

A bill was submitted to the State Duma, according to which Russia will not execute the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), adopted after March 16, the database of the lower house of parliament testifies.

The bill was prepared by deputies and senators from United Russia Pavel Krasheninnikov, Andrey Klishas, ​​Daniil Bessarabov and Vladimir Poletaev.

This deadline is based on the date the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decides to terminate Russia's membership in it.

“The draft federal law provides up until January 1, 2023. The Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation may pay monetary compensation to the applicant in accordance with the rulings of the European Court of Human Rights issued before March 16, — the bill says.

From the Code of Administrative Offenses, the Civil Procedure Code and the Arbitration Procedure Code of Russia, it is proposed to exclude the provisions that the decisions of the ECtHR serve as the basis for reviewing judicial acts that have entered into force due to new or newly discovered circumstances.

The document also provides for amendments to the law “On the Detention of Suspected and Accused of Committing Crimes”. “Proposals, statements and complaints sent by suspects and accused are no longer subject to censorship to the European Court of Human Rights, but to interstate bodies for the protection of human rights and freedoms in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation,” — the bill says.

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On March 15, the Russian Foreign Ministry notified the Council of Europe of its decision to withdraw from the organization. The head of the Russian delegation to PACE, Petr Tolstoy, then said that Russia left the Council of Europe of its own free will, the decision was “weighted and considered.” The next day, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe voted to exclude Russia, and the ECHR suspended consideration of all complaints against the country.

In addition, Russia announced its intention to denounce the European Convention on Human Rights. The country will cease to be a party to the document from September 16.

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CSTO Secretary General said that sending the organization’s forces to Ukraine was not discussed

CSTO Secretary General Zas: the issue of the participation of the CSTO forces in the special operation in Ukraine was not discussed The CSTO in the special operation in Ukraine was not discussed at the summit of the organization on May 16, said the Secretary General of the organization Stanislav Zas.

“During the meeting, Russian President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin informed his colleagues in great detail about the progress of the special military operation being carried out by the Russian Federation in Ukraine. The question of any participation or involvement of the CSTO in this special military operation was not raised or discussed, — he said.

The summit of the leaders of the CSTO countries, timed to coincide with the 30th anniversary of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the organization, was held on May 16 in Moscow. The summit was attended by Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, Presidents of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov, Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, and Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Following the summit, the leaders issued a joint statement in which they expressed their readiness to establish practical cooperation with NATO to “reduce tensions on the continent.” At the same time, the CSTO leaders stressed that they were concerned about the situation on the external borders and expressed their readiness to ensure the security of the borders.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24. Putin called its goals “denazification and demilitarization”; neighboring state. Ukraine, in response, declared martial law and mobilization.

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The military denied the transfer of equipment from the Leningrad region to the border of Finland

Military equipment does not follow from the Vyborgsky district of the Leningrad region to the Russian-Finnish border, and Iskanders are not deployed in that zone, the ZVO said. Earlier, VChK-OGPU wrote about the equipment on the road to Vyborg.

Russian Iskander missile systems or other military equipment do not follow in the direction of Finland, RIA Novosti reported. in the press service of the Western Military District.

“In the Vyborgsky district of the Leningrad region, no troops are moving towards Finland,” — said the press office. They added that the Iskander missile systems not in the composition of military equipment, which is deployed in the Vyborg district of the Leningrad region.

May 16, the Telegram channel “VChK-OGPU”; wrote that on the road towards Vyborg, Iskanders were noticed; and military equipment.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Western Military District.

Finland made the official decision to join NATO the day before, on 15 May. Prior to this, President Sauli Niinistö held a telephone conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, during which he informed him of his intentions to join the alliance. The President of Russia in a conversation called Helsinki's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality a mistake. Niinistö described the conversation with Putin as cold-blooded, noting that the Russian colleague accepted the information calmly and did not repeat the “threats of his subordinates.”

On May 16, Putin said that the entry of Finland, as well as Sweden, into the North Atlantic Alliance is a problem that is created artificially, but the expansion of NATO through them does not pose a threat to Moscow. At the same time, he warned that the expansion of the military infrastructure of the alliance would cause a response from Russia.

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The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has previously stated that Moscow will not accept NATO expansion to the north of Europe, and the general level of military tension will increase. The department believes that the entry of Finland and Sweden into the alliance will not strengthen their security, and Russia will take measures for its security, depending on what consequences the expansion entails. So, if NATO decides to bring nuclear forces and infrastructure closer to the borders, Moscow will take adequate precautions, the Foreign Ministry explained.

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McDonald’s is still leaving Russia, the media found out what will happen to the brand

The fast food chain business is looking for a buyer.

The world's largest chain of fast food restaurants, McDonald's, is leaving Russia. Earlier, the owners suspended their business in Russia due to the Ukrainian special operation. A month and a half later, the McDonald’s office decided to sell the entire Russian business.

The McDonald's report says that the issue of selling the company in Russia was difficult to decide. But the humanitarian crisis caused by the Russian special operation in Ukraine and the “unpredictability of the operating environment” led the company to consider that owning a business in Russia is “not feasible.”

McDonald's also said in a statement that the business in Russia now does not correspond to their values. Management also announced the sale of the business, and only to a Russian buyer.

McDonald's reports that the new buyer's restaurants will not be able to use their menu and brand, but the company plans to keep its trademarks in Russia.

< p>McDonald's considered that due to the withdrawal from the Russian market, they would have to write off 1.2-1.4 billion dollars.

A TASS source in the company said that in mid-June, McDonald's will reopen in Russia – under a new brand. The restaurant chain, menus, and jobs will remain.

Recall that McDonald's in Russia provides jobs for almost 62,000 people. Another 100,000 people work at suppliers' enterprises.

Insiders specify that more than 90% of McDonald's suppliers are Russian. They plan to keep working with them.

“In fact, only the name will leave”, – informed sources say.

Recall that McDonald's has been operating in Russia for over 30 years. The first cafe opened on January 31, 1990 in Moscow.

McDonald's accounted for about 25% of tax revenues in the food service industry.

As Topnews wrote earlier, in March of this year, media sources became report the removal of Google employees from Russia. This was done in anticipation of the blocking of Youtube in Russia.

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Three countries promised to help Finland and Sweden in the event of an attack on them

If Finland and Sweden are attacked on their territory before joining NATO, Iceland, Norway and Denmark will help them “by all means necessary”

Norway, Denmark and Iceland said they would help Finland and Sweden if they become targets of aggression before joining NATO. The joint statement is posted on the Norwegian government website.

“The security of Finland and Sweden is important to our security. Together with Denmark and Iceland, Norway is ready to provide assistance to its Scandinavian neighbors by all necessary means if they become victims of aggression on their territory before obtaining NATO membership, — Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Støre said.

He called what was happening a “tipping point”; in cooperation with the Nordic countries. Støre says the security guarantees provided by Norway, Denmark and Iceland send a “clear message”. “We will do our best to ensure that [Finland and Sweden join the alliance] quickly. I hope that Norway will be able to ratify the protocols on accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO very quickly,— added the prime minister.

He stressed that both countries have the right to continue the process of joining the alliance “without any attempts at outside interference.” The Nordic region poses no threat to anyone and will strive to live in peace with its neighbors, Støre said.

On Sunday, Sweden and Finland officially announced their decision to join NATO. Helsinki argued that membership in the alliance would strengthen the country's security and Finland's entry would make NATO stronger. In Stockholm, in turn, it was said that neutrality “served well”; government, but in the future such a policy will not be useful. They fear that they will be in a vulnerable position if they remain outside the alliance.

Russia says that the membership of Sweden and Finland in the bloc and, as a result, its expansion could pose a threat to the security of the region. Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov argued that the overall level of military tension would increase in this case, and there would be less predictability. “They should not have any illusions that we will simply put up with this, just like in Brussels, Washington and other NATO capitals,” — he emphasized.

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President Vladimir Putin called Finland's decision to join NATO a mistake, saying that there were no threats to the country's security. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — he warned.

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Russia will withdraw from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference

Volodin: The Council of the State Duma decided to withdraw from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference =”Russia will withdraw from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference” />

The Council of the State Duma has decided to withdraw Russia from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference (BSPC), Speaker of the Lower House of Parliament Vyacheslav Volodin said.

“Today, at the Council of the Duma, a decision was made to withdraw the Russian Federation from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference (BSPC). Permanent members of the BSPC are the parliaments of Germany, Denmark, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Finland, Sweden and Estonia. Today there is no dialogue with the parliamentarians of most of these countries either in the format of this organization or through inter-parliamentary channels,— he said.

According to him, the responsibility for breaking parliamentary ties lies with those who “undermine the basic principles of the conference and use it to attack Russia.” He noted that the conference “stopped real cooperation, and the participating countries forgot about the interests of their own citizens.”

“The once useful format of multilateral dialogue has been turned into an instrument of anti-Russian policy. This deprives any sense of further interaction within the framework of the BSPC,— concluded Volodin.

The Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference was established in 1991 as a forum for political dialogue between parliamentarians from the Baltic Sea region.

The BSPC includes 11 states, including the Baltic countries, Scandinavia, Poland, Germany, Iceland and Russia. The conference is convened once a year at the invitation of one of the participating parliaments.

Russia's relations with other countries — conference participants escalated against the backdrop of the military operation in Ukraine. The EU countries, which include most of the BSPC countries, have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow. The restrictions also affected the first persons of the state, who are now prohibited from visiting the EU.

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In addition, against the backdrop of the special operation, Russia's confrontation with NATO intensified: the alliance has already held several emergency meetings and announced an increase in troops on the eastern flank. Of the BSPC countries, only Sweden and Finland are not members of the alliance, but their governments have already announced their intention to apply for membership in NATO in the near future.

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The European Commission explained the scheme of paying for gas to Russia without violating sanctions

Payment for gas through Gazprombank will not be considered a violation of sanctions if European companies make a “clear statement” about the fulfillment of obligations after transferring funds to a foreign currency account

The European Commission sent updated recommendations to member countries on paying for Russian gas, in who explained how to do it under sanctions. Bloomberg and Reuters reviewed the document.

According to Reuters, the updated document was sent out by the EC on May 13. It says that the sanctions do not prohibit opening an account with Gazprombank and companies can pay for Russian gas if it is done in the currency specified in the contract. After payment in euros or dollars, fuel purchasing firms must make a “clear statement” that payment has been made and they consider their obligations fulfilled.

“Such payments in this currency definitively release the economic operator from payment obligations under these contracts without any further action on his part in respect of the payment,” according to the EC document.

According to the decree of the President of Russia of March 31, in order to pay for gas under the new scheme, foreign buyers must open two accounts with Gazprombank— currency and ruble. The company transfers the payment to a foreign currency account, after which the bank sells the currency on the stock exchange, and credits the rubles to the ruble account. Russia recognizes the payment as completed only after the funds are credited to the ruble account.

The agency notes that, considering the obligations fulfilled after the transfer of payment in euros or dollars, companies will be able to avoid transactions with the Bank of Russia, which is under sanctions.

Bloomberg notes that the recommendations do not clarifies the issue of requiring a decree by President Vladimir Putin on opening a second account in rubles, after the funds are credited to which the payment will be considered completed.

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In April, the European Commission issued a document in which it considered the gas payment scheme proposed by Russia to be contrary to European sanctions. At that time, Brussels explained that the conversion of currencies into rubles at Gazprombank could be considered a foreign currency loan, which was prohibited by the 2014 restrictions. They also pointed to the involvement of the Central Bank in transactions. At that time, the European Commission already mentioned the option with a “clear statement”; on the fulfillment of obligations after the transfer of funds in foreign currency by European companies.

Bloomberg sources familiar with the situation reported that after sending the recommendations of the European Commission, the Italian Eni planned to open accounts with Gazprombank by Wednesday and make all payments on time, which will help Italy avoid risks with gas supplies. At the end of March, the head of the company, Claudio Descalzi, said that Eni “has no rubles”; and the contract specifies euros as the payment currency.

On May 12, Bloomberg reported that the total number of European companies that opened ruble accounts with Gazprombank reached 20. Another 14 buyers reported that they need to prepare documents. At that time, four companies had already paid for gas in rubles, the agency noted.

At the end of April, due to non-payment of fuel in rubles, Gazprom stopped deliveries to Poland and Bulgaria.

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The EU failed to agree on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia

Earlier, the head of EU diplomacy warned that sanctions might not be agreed due to the position of some countries on the oil embargo from Russia. He also clarified that he does not know how long the alignment of the sixth package

The foreign ministers of 27 EU countries failed to agree on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. This was announced by the head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, following the meeting of the EU Council in Brussels.

“Unfortunately, today it was not possible to reach an agreement on the sixth package of sanctions”,— he said.

Borrell added that the foreign ministers of the EU countries did not discuss the possibility of paying compensation to the countries of the community for imposing sanctions against Russia. He also said he did not know how many weeks it would take to agree on a sixth package of sanctions, including an oil embargo, against Russia.

Since the end of February, the European Union has imposed five packages of sanctions against Russia and is preparing a sixth. The measures must be approved by the EU Council. The plans to include an oil embargo in this set were announced in early May by the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. In addition, the sixth package of EU sanctions, according to her, will be aimed at high-ranking Russian military and other persons who “committed war crimes”, disconnecting Sberbank and a number of other large Russian banks from the international SWIFT system, as well as a ban on broadcasting in the European Union for three large Russian state channels.

Borrell has previously warned that a sixth package of sanctions may not be agreed upon at the May 16 meeting, as some countries do not intend to change their position on limiting Russian oil imports. Hungary, in particular, has spoken out against the plans for an oil embargo: its authorities have repeatedly stated that they would not approve a package of sanctions if it included an embargo. Reuters wrote that at one of the meetings, concerns about the ban were also expressed by Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on May 8 called on the European Union to take a unified position, which the union does not currently have “with regard to certain sanctions.” ;.

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Deputy head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Sergei Vershinin said in March that Russia was not going to ask the West to lift sanctions. The authorities admit that there are difficulties due to restrictions, but at the same time they believe that they cannot be compared with the “terrible trials of the country in the 20th century.” President Vladimir Putin warned the EU countries about the “intractable consequences” with continued sanctions pressure. In early May, he signed a decree on Russia's new response to the sanctions.

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The deputy minister who oversaw the auto industry at the Ministry of Industry and Trade resigned

Alexander Morozov has served as Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade since July 2015, his place will be taken by the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Tatarstan Albert Karimov

Alexander Morozov

Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry Alexander Morozov, who oversaw the auto industry, was relieved of his post, follows from the order of the government Russia.

The document says that Morozov resigned due to a transfer to another job.

His place will be taken by Deputy Prime Minister of Tatarstan, head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic Albert Karimov, follows from another resolution approved by Mishustin, posted on the official information portal.

Alexander Morozov was appointed Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade in July 2015. Prior to that, he headed the Department of Transport and Special Machine Building of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, served as Director of the Department for Demand Stimulation Programs of the State Corporation Rosnanotech. and Head of the Department of Procurement and Support of Leasing Agreements of OJSC “State Transport Leasing Company”.

Albert Karimov has been the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Tatarstan since 2015. From 2004 to 2015, he was the Director for Economics and Finance of OJSC Investment and Production Technopark Idea, from 2010 to 2015 he was Chairman of the Board of Directors of OJSC Khimgrad. Awarded the honorary title “Honored Economist of the Republic of Tatarstan” (2014)

and the medal of the Republic of Tatarstan “For Valiant Labor” (2018).

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Since the beginning of the military operation in Ukraine, the Russian auto industry has begun to experience problems with many auto parts and components due to Western sanctions. In addition, many Western automakers have announced the suspension of activities in Russia.

For example, Volvo has suspended the supply of cars to the Russian market until further notice, “given the potential risks and sanctions.” The German automaker Volkswagen (combines Volkswagen, Skoda, Audi, Lamborghini, Bentley and Ducati brands) has temporarily suspended deliveries of cars to Russian dealers until further notice. General Motors also suspended the export of its vehicles to Russia, and Daimler Truck froze cooperation with the Russian KamAZ (the company owns 15% of the Russian manufacturer).

The head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov previously admitted that Russia might have to say goodbye to a number of foreign automakers. “Perhaps we will unfortunately have to say goodbye to someone, because we cannot wait forever,” — he warned. According to the minister, the non-working enterprise— it is non-payment of taxes and degradation of production. The head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade expressed hope that the parties would be able to come to a common decision before the end of March— beginning of April.

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Erdogan ruled out the possibility of saying “yes” to Finland and Sweden in NATO

Erdogan: Turkey will not agree to approve the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO Turkey's position on the entry of Sweden and Finland is connected with their lack of an “unambiguous position” towards the Kurds, whom Ankara considers terrorists. In these countries, in addition to them, members of the movement (FETO) live “Erdogan ruled out the possibility of saying yes to Finland and Sweden in NATO” />

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkey will not agree to Finland and Sweden joining NATO, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, Anadolu reports.

“We cannot say yes” the accession to NATO of those who imposed sanctions against Turkey,— Erdogan said.

He noted that the countries have declared their unwillingness to extradite terrorists to Turkey. TRT wrote that Sweden and Finland refused to extradite members of the PKK and FETO, whom the Turkish authorities consider terrorists. Erdogan added that these countries have not clearly expressed their position regarding the members of these organizations.

According to Erdogan, the arrival of delegations from Finland and Sweden to discuss their membership will not change Ankara's position. “Let them not trouble themselves,” — he noted.

Last week, Erdogan said that Ankara does not consider the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO as a positive. He noted that the Scandinavian countries serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations,” referring to the PKK, banned in Turkey. He noted that its members live in Sweden and the Netherlands and are members of parliaments.

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö previously said that Erdogan's statements “confused” him, because he told him on the phone that he would accept entry into alliance. He also announced his readiness to discuss membership issues with his Turkish counterpart.

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According to Art. 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, the parties “by common consent” can invite any other European state to join the alliance.

After NATO members invite a third state, accession negotiations begin, then confirmations of its acceptance of obligations are sent, protocols are prepared and ratified by NATO countries. After that, the Secretary General offers the new country to join the agreement, and the necessary procedures are carried out within the country.

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Mishustin strips director Tuminas of government prize

Prime Minister Mishustin signed an order to cancel the award for director Tuminas Vakhtangov, where the latter wished “the bombing of Moscow”

Remus Tuminas

Former artistic director of the Theater. Vakhtangov Rimas Tuminas was deprived of the 2021 Russian Government Prize in the field of culture, according to the decree of Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. ; says the document.

A decree was also published, according to which the decision to award the government can be changed before the award of the laureate diploma, honorary badge and certificate to it.

The theater announced the departure of Tuminas from the post of artistic director on May 6. They said that he had been on leave at his own expense in Lithuania since March 1 “for health reasons and in connection with the need for treatment.”

A few days before, pranksters Vovan and Lexus (Vladimir Kuznetsov and Alexei Stolyarov) posted a video on their RuTube channel with a conversation with Tuminas, in which he wished “Moscow bombing”.

The pranksters “decided to double-check this information”; and called Tuminas themselves. One of them, introducing himself as the Minister of Culture of Ukraine Oleksandr Tkachenko, offered the director to stage the play “My Friend of Bandera” in one of the Ukrainian theaters. Tuminas agreed on the record— as well as the offer to stay in the Theater. Vakhtangov and conduct “sabotage activities” there. He also supported the “cancellation” of Russian cultural figures in Europe.

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After that, in an interview with Moskovsky Komsomolets Tuminas said, “I knew it was a game. I was warned. Mediocrities are going to— it's their time now. They are the masters… All meanings were turned upside down, and at some point in the conversation the game ceased to be a game. For me it was unexpected. Because it was turned into a reprisal against me and the Vakhtangov Theater. The director said that his conversation with the “Ukrainian minister” mounted and the intention to “glorify Bandera” he did not speak Ukraine.

Tuminas won a government award last December for his production of Oedipus Rex. At the same time, the prize was awarded to theater director Kirill Krok.

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The Kremlin plans to create a children’s movement on the anniversary of the Pioneers

The authorities intend to create a new all-Russian movement of children and youth. The founders can be the Russian Movement of Schoolchildren, the Big Change project and regional youth movements

The Kremlin, Rosmolodezh and the Ministry of Education are planning to create a new all-Russian movement of children and youth, two sources familiar with the discussion of the issue told RBC. Officially, the possibility of a new structure may become known on May 19— on this day, as expected, a corresponding bill will be submitted to the State Duma, one of the interlocutors of RBC said. Another source clarified that the bill could be introduced later, but the date of May 19 is also being discussed.

May 13 “Moskovsky Komsomolets” said that the Kremlin decided to create an analogue of the Soviet pioneers, which will be announced on May 19— on this date the USSR celebrated the Day of the Pioneer Organization, which will turn 100 this year.

The experience of the pioneer organization was really studied, but calling the new organization an “analogue” would be wrong, if only because, unlike the pioneers, membership in the new structure will not be mandatory, and times are different now, emphasizes one of RBC's sources familiar with the discussion of the issue.

The idea of ​​creating a movement that would unite all children, on April 20 at a meeting of the Supervisory Board of the ANO «Russia— land of opportunity supported by Vladimir Putin. A schoolgirl from Sevastopol, Diana Krasovskaya, approached him with the corresponding initiative. “As for the organization of the children’s movement, we have different directions,“ Yunarmiya ” there is and so on, but as for the all-Russian movement, we need to think about it, & mdash; said the president.

On Children's Day on June 1, a congress of children's movements of Russia is planned— it is expected to take place on the sidelines of the festival of childhood and youth in Moscow, at VDNKh. The congress participants can discuss the future movement and its name, which is not yet available, explains one of RBC's interlocutors.

It is discussed that the new structure will be created on the basis of existing ones working in the children's and youth direction: the Russian movement of schoolchildren, the Big Change project; and a number of regional organizations. They can become co-founders of a new movement. Perhaps among the founders will be the Yunarmiya movement, created on the initiative of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in 2016.

The decree on the creation of the children's and youth organization “Russian Movement of Schoolchildren” Vladimir Putin signed in 2015. The task was defined as “improving the state policy in the field of educating the younger generation, promoting the formation of personality on the basis of the system of values ​​inherent in Russian society.”

Project for schoolchildren «Big break» launched in 2020 on the platform «Russia— land of opportunity. Head of the Supervisory Board of ANO “Big Change” became the first deputy head of the presidential administration, Sergei Kiriyenko. The project, Kiriyenko explained at the launch, consists of two competitions— for tenth graders and pupils of the eighth & mdash; ninth grades. “Three hundred winners [tenth graders] receive 1 million rubles. on your education, — then the Kremlin official said. So many more winners from the eighth—ninth grade were entitled to 200 thousand rubles each, which, according to Kiriyenko, was enough to pay for tuition at the commercial department at a secondary specialized educational institution.

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As one of the main candidates for the post of leader of the movement, according to the interlocutor of RBC, the deputy head of Rosmolodezh Damir Fattakhov is considered; before joining the department, he headed the Ministry of Youth Affairs of Tatarstan, was the head of the KVN team “Four Tatars”.

It is assumed that the new children's and youth structure will cover both schoolchildren and students of secondary specialized educational institutions. Access to students of secondary specialized educational institutions is important, because children who leave school after the ninth grade study there, explains RBC's interlocutor familiar with the discussion of the issue.

The Ministry of Education will be responsible for building the work of the new organization in schools, for work in secondary specialized educational institutions— Rosmolodezh. It is planned that cells of the movement will appear both in schools and in secondary specialized educational institutions, RBC's interlocutors say.

RBC sent inquiries to the Ministry of Education and Rosmolodezh.

One of RBC's interlocutors explains the need to create a new movement with the task of educating patriotism, love for the motherland and citizenship among children and adolescents. According to another source, the key reason is that now the state in its work with schoolchildren “does not reach all children”: “[Therefore] it is necessary to create an infrastructure for each child, a kind of navigator for children and parents in terms of implementation child, development, career choice in the future. This is an attempt by the state to systematize what has been done [in work with children] and create new opportunities. We are talking, for example, about the participation of children and adolescents in various competitions, thematic shifts, sports competitions, etc., that is, the possibility of implementation in various formats, says RBC's interlocutor.

Recently, VTsIOM conducted a survey on the attitude of Russians to possible patriotic innovations in Russian schools— the introduction of a history lesson from the first grade, the raising of the flag and the singing of the anthem before the working week, etc.— and this survey revealed interesting trends, notes political analyst Alexei Makarkin. “The younger the respondent, the more skeptical he is about patriotic education in schools. At the same time, there is a consensus in different age groups about whether the school should educate moral qualities, — says the expert. Among the youngest, 69% answered positively to the relevant question, among the elderly— 68%.

The survey shows that the topic of patriotic education causes more skepticism among young people, and, apparently, there is a desire to correct this, Makarkin believes. “Through just one game of Zarnitsa, it is not advisable to do this, but you can also try through something else: the possibility of self-realization. Probably, they will try to combine patriotic education with the values ​​of self-expression, the opportunity to gain additional knowledge, competencies, — the expert argues. Something similar existed in the Soviet era, Makarkin recalls, although in a much more comprehensive format.

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UN Secretary General proposes to ease restrictions on potassium exports from Russia

António Guterres said that he is discussing this issue with Russia and Turkey, among other things. The condition for easing restrictions should be the passage of ships with grain from Ukraine =”UN Secretary General proposes to ease restrictions on potash exports from Russia” />

UN Secretary-General António Guterres has proposed easing restrictions on the export of Russian and Belarusian potash fertilizers in exchange for the passage of ships with grain from Ukrainian ports, The Wall Street Journal writes, citing informed diplomatic sources.

According to them, Guterres is negotiating with Russia, Turkey and other countries. Ankara expressed its readiness to take part in the clearance of the Black Sea and ensure maritime navigation, the publication reports.

The UN fears that rising grain prices and food shortages could destabilize the situation in poor countries dependent on Ukrainian grain, and lead to to conflicts.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Russia is the world's largest exporter of wheat, and Ukraine ranks fifth. Together they provide 19% of the world's supply of barley, 14%— wheat and 4%— corn.

After the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, wheat prices jumped to record levels. Bloomberg attributed the jump in prices to fears that military operations in Ukraine would lead to a shortage of this cereal on the market. The fighting has cut off more than a quarter of global wheat exports, according to the agency.

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In April, the Russian Defense Ministry suspended the passage of foreign warships and other government ships in three areas of the Black Sea for six months, from April 24 to October 31. We are talking about an elongated section of the water area along the Crimean coast (approximately from Sevastopol to Gurzuf), a rectangular area off the coast of the Kerch Peninsula (abeam of the Opuk Nature Reserve), as well as a small area of ​​the sea near the western tip of Crimea.

The European Union decided to limit the import of Russian fertilizers. The quota for potassium chloride will be 837.57 thousand tons, for other fertilizers containing potassium— 1.57 million tons. Imports of potash fertilizers are limited by the EU and from Belarus.

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10 buses with Ukrainian military left Azovstal

According to the Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine, 274 people left the Azovstal plant, including 53 seriously wounded. They are expected to be returned to the territory controlled by Kyiv through an exchange *

About a dozen buses with Ukrainian servicemen left the Azovstal metallurgical plant, Reuters reports citing an eyewitness.

How many Ukrainian soldiers were taken out is unknown, indicates agency.

According to RT, according to preliminary data, about 300 Ukrainian soldiers left Azovstal, about 50 of them were injured. The wounded were taken to the Novoazovsky Central District Hospital, the rest were taken by buses— in the direction of Yelenovka, the TV channel reports.

Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine Anna Malyar said that 53 seriously wounded from Azovstal were delivered to the hospital in Novoazovsk, another 221 people were sent to Olenovka (Yelenovka). In the future, they are expected to be exchanged.

Earlier, on May 16, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the start of the evacuation of wounded Ukrainian servicemen from the territory of Azovstal. They are to be taken along the humanitarian corridor to the Novoazovsk hospital in the Donetsk People's Republic.

On Monday morning, ten soldiers with white flags came out of the plant and asked for negotiations on the evacuation of the wounded.

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In early May, Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Irina Vereshchuk said that from the territory of Azovstal all women, children and the elderly were evacuated. Later, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the completion of the evacuation of civilians from the plant.

In late April, the head of the Russian military department, Sergei Shoigu, reported to President Vladimir Putin about the transfer of the entire Mariupol under the control of Russia and the DPR. According to him, the territory of the plant “Azovstal” “with the remaining remnants of nationalists and foreign mercenaries”; blocked. It would take about three to four days to complete the cleanup at Azovstal, he reported. However, Putin ordered to cancel the assault on the plant, he urged to think about “saving the life and health of our soldiers and officers.” and “do not climb into these catacombs.” The Ukrainian side warned that the death of the military from Azovstal will be the reason for terminating the negotiations.

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How will the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO affect the situation in Ukraine?

Russia promises to respond to the official steps taken by Sweden and Finland to join NATO. However, Moscow does not intend to do this immediately, but after assessing the threats that have arisen as a result of almost doubling its borders with the alliance

When Finland and Sweden join NATO

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson announced at a press conference on Monday, May 16, that the Swedish government had overwhelmingly decided to join NATO. Stockholm will submit the corresponding application together with Helsinki— Finland officially confirmed its intention to become a member of the North Atlantic Alliance on Sunday, May 15.

“We are now living in a dangerous time. Russia will not like the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Both Sweden and Finland must be prepared for difficult months, we say this not to create anxiety, but to draw attention. No one can rule out that trials are coming, even if they are not serious, — said Andersson.

Politico estimates that for the two countries, the process of joining NATO from application to approval could take only a few weeks, given the upcoming summit of the alliance, which will be held in late June in Madrid. As the publication explains, unlike the Baltic countries, which took years to begin to comply with NATO requirements and overcome the prejudice of a number of members of the alliance, the alliance has long had a consensus on Finland and Sweden. The fact is that both countries have a reputation as democracies in which the rule of law is respected, and the level of their military and military-technical training will help strengthen the bloc of 30 countries. Finland and Sweden's long-term cooperation with the alliance also means that they will not have to make great efforts to achieve the compatibility of their weapons forces with NATO forces.

For Finland and Sweden, joining NATO will mean that the fifth article of the Collective Defense Treaty will come into force in their respect. It states that if one state— a member of NATO is the victim of an armed attack, all other members of the alliance will take action as they deem necessary to help the country under attack.

For Russia, this means that the length of its border with NATO will more than double, mainly due to Finland— the length of the border with it is 1300 km.

RBC Pro Pro Without these IT services, businesses will have a particularly difficult time. Instructions Pro The risk of an eternal bear market is real. In which stocks to sit out the fall?On Monday evening, May 16, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he would not agree to Finland and Sweden joining NATO. “We can't say yes” the accession to NATO of those who imposed sanctions against Turkey,— quoted Erdogan Anadolu. The Turkish leader stressed that the arrival of delegations from Finland and Sweden to discuss their membership would not change Ankara's position. A week earlier, he stated that Ankara does not consider the possibility of the two countries joining NATO as a positive, arguing that they serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations”, referring to the Kurdistan Workers' Party banned in Turkey.

< p>How Moscow's rhetoric has changed

In mid-April, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev wrote in his Telegram channel that in the event of NATO expansion at the expense of Sweden and Finland, “there would no longer be any talk of a nuclear-free status of the Baltic States,” and predicted a serious increase in the grouping of ground forces and air defense Russia, the deployment of significant naval forces in the waters of the Gulf of Finland. He also claimed that “Russia will have more officially registered opponents.”

On May 12, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that Finland's entry into NATO “unconditionally” is a threat to Russia. “The next expansion of NATO does not make our continent more stable and secure”, — he added. On the same day, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying that Finland's accession to NATO “would cause serious damage to bilateral Russian-Finnish relations, maintaining stability and security in the Northern European region.” “Russia will be forced to take retaliatory steps, both of a military-technical and other nature, in order to stop the threats to its national security arising in this regard,” — stated in the statement.

However, on May 14, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said that “it is too early to say” on the deployment of nuclear weapons by Russia in the Baltic region in the event that Sweden and Finland join NATO. On the same day, a telephone conversation took place between Russian and Finnish Presidents Vladimir Putin and Sauli Niinistö. According to a report on the Kremlin website, Putin told Niinistö that Finland's decision to join NATO was wrong. The office of the Finnish president, in turn, indicated that Niinistö told Putin that Helsinki changed its position on joining the alliance after Russia launched a special military operation in Ukraine.

At the same time, Putin, speaking at the CSTO summit on Monday, said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO does not pose a military threat to Russia. “As for expansion, including through new members of the alliance— Finland, Sweden: Russia, I would like to inform you, dear colleagues, has no problems with these states, and therefore, in this sense, expansion at the expense of these countries does not pose an immediate threat to Russia, but the expansion of military infrastructure into this territory will certainly provoke our response reaction. And what it will be, we will look, based on the threats that will be created for us, — he explained.

Can Moscow respond to the decision of Helsinki and Stockholm

The Washington Post indicates that the change in Russian rhetoric may be due to the fact that Moscow does not currently have the resources to respond to the actions of Helsinki and Stockholm. “Russia withdrew troops from the border with Finland to redirect them to Ukraine, as a result of which Moscow's ability to threaten Finland militarily was significantly reduced,” — publication approves. It also notes that Russia supplies Finland with a small amount of gas and oil, electricity (no more than 10% of needs), which allows Helsinki to pursue an independent foreign policy.

The Washington Post does not exclude the possibility of cyber attacks and the start of a hybrid war by Russia to change public opinion in Finland, but notes that Helsinki has enough resources to counter such actions. The newspaper also quotes a military expert, retired Finnish Major General Pekka Toveri, as saying that Russia “has no political, military or economic power”; over Finland.

The Politico publication even called it “bragging”; Russia's threats to deploy nuclear weapons in the Baltic Sea region, indicating that they are already deployed in Kaliningrad (Moscow has never officially confirmed the deployment of such weapons), and that Russia has already deployed a nuclear deterrence force on the Kola Peninsula.

Program Director of the Valdai Club Ivan Timofeev, in a conversation with RBC, did not agree with the thesis about the change in Moscow's rhetoric and the lack of resources for retaliatory measures in connection with the upcoming entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO. “I would not say that Moscow's rhetoric has become more peaceful. The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO is perceived in Moscow as a threat to national security. True, Moscow cannot stop the drift of these countries into NATO. It is inevitable against the backdrop of events in Ukraine. Another thing is that it is unlikely that any serious military escalation in the Baltic region will follow now in connection with the entry of these countries into NATO, on the one hand, and the concentration of forces in Ukraine, on the other. But in the long term, of course, this creates big problems for Russian security. I think that in Moscow they understand this very well,»,— said Timofeev.

How NATO expansion will affect the European security system

Stefan Wolf, professor of international security at the University of Birmingham, in an article for The Conversation, points out that Putin's attempt to fundamentally restructure the European security order and relations with the United States and NATO through the launch of a special military operation in Ukraine has backfired and, in particular, led to the expansion alliance. In his opinion, the refusal of Helsinki and Stockholm from the policy of non-alignment indicates that “neutrality as a status in international law and foreign policy position is no longer seen as a viable way for small countries to be outside the zone of great power rivalry.”

At the same time, changes in the European security structure will not be limited to NATO expansion, Wolf predicts. As an example, he cites the decision of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova to apply for EU membership. Wolf believes that such decisions may take years to implement, but they will lead to a more serious split between East and West. In such circumstances, small states will have to choose sides. So, the expert recalls, Switzerland has already moved away from its neutrality in the issue of imposing sanctions and has synchronized its anti-Russian restrictions with similar EU measures. Iceland is following the same path

The deepening of the split in Europe and the rejection of neutrality as an effective approach to national security will also have an impact on the outcome of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. In particular, a neutral status for Ukraine, the possibility of which Moscow and Kyiv previously discussed during negotiations, will become an unviable idea against the background of Helsinki and Stockholm's refusal to do so in conditions when they were not attacked. “If neutrality is not discussed, then the space for negotiations between Russia and Ukraine is further reduced, and the likelihood that both sides will seek victory on the battlefield increases,” — Wolf sums it up.

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Zelensky said Ukraine needs soldiers from Azovstal alive

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said that the work to rescue the military from the Azovstal plant in Mariupol and their return to the territory controlled by Kyiv continues.

“Thanks to the actions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, intelligence, as well as the negotiating group, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the UN, we hope that we will be able to save the lives of our guys. I want to emphasize: Ukraine needs Ukrainian heroes alive»,— he said.

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The UN called a way to ensure the passage of ships with grain from Ukraine

UN Secretary General Guterres commented on this information.

UN Secretary General António Guterres made a proposal to mitigate the export of potash fertilizers from Russia and Belarus, demanding in exchange for this the passage of ships with grain from the ports of Ukraine.

Turkey and a number of others also take part in the negotiation process countries, since Ankara can take a direct part in the clearance of ports, as well as participate in providing maritime traffic.

According to The Wall Street Journal sources, the purpose of the deal is to mitigate the food crisis, in which Western anti-Russian sanctions imposed specifically on the export of potash fertilizers from the Russian Federation and Belarus.

And against the backdrop of Russia's special military operation in Ukraine, the latter had difficulties with the delivery of domestic grain to world markets.

Guterres himself, commenting on the information of the WSJ, he only noted that at the moment, indeed, discussions are underway on this subject with the participation of Ankara and Vienna.

However, he does not disclose any details did not, because otherwise the agreement may be in jeopardy and not happen at all.

Earlier, Topnews wrote that the UN Security Council for the first time since the start of the operation of the Russian Federation unanimously adopted a statement on Ukraine.

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