Finland decides to join NATO

Earlier, Vladimir Putin said that Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki

Sanna Marin and Sauli Niinistö

The government of Finland has officially decided to join the North Atlantic Alliance ( NATO). This was announced by President Sauli Niinistöy and Prime Minister Sanna Marin at a joint press conference.

“Finland will apply for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) after consultations with Parliament,” Niinistö said. The consultation will take place on Monday.

Earlier, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto said that the country's permanent representative to NATO in Brussels is likely to apply to join the alliance on Wednesday, May 18. After that, in the event that negotiations with NATO begin, they will be led by Haavisto himself and the Minister of Defense of Finland.

The day before, Niinistös had a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin. During the conversation, Niinistö warned the Russian leader that the country had made the final decision to join the alliance. The decision of Helsinki was also influenced by “Russia's massive invasion of Ukraine in February 2022,” he added.

Putin said that Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — according to a message on the Kremlin website.

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On May 12, Niinistöy Marin, in a joint statement, stressed the need to apply for membership in the North Atlantic Alliance. Similar plans are being considered by Sweden, which, like Finland, has the status of a state— partner of NATO.

The next day, Putin held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Moscow views such a scenario as a threat and Russia's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” is expressed. and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

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Vucic declared resistance to sanctions against Russia to the last

According to the Serbian president, his country will refuse sanctions against Russia, despite the fact that it has to pay dearly for it. Serbia does this not for profit, but because of “an honest attitude towards itself”

Aleksandar Vučić

Serbia will resist the imposition of sanctions against Russia as much as possible, President of the Republic Aleksandar Vučić told TV Prva, quoted by Novosti .rs.

According to him, the country has to pay dearly for refusing to impose restrictive measures against Russia, in particular, the lack of access to the capital market and difficulties in servicing loans. “Everyone will say, 'Vučić announces sanctions.' No. We will resist as long as we can,— said the head of state.

Vučić explained that Serbia is doing this not because it benefits (Belgrade buys gas from Russia), but because of “an honest attitude to yourself” and respect for international law. “We know what sanctions are, how unfair and unnecessary they are,” — the president added.

The Serbian leader has repeatedly stated that his country will not support restrictions on Russia, despite the fact that it has to pay dearly for this and it itself seeks to join the European Union. “Serbia will not trample on and extinguish her friendship that she has in the east, and it does not occur to us to do this. And I'm not interested in what force is exerting pressure, only the strength of Serbian interests can change our attitude, — Vučić noted.

At the same time, he pointed out that the EU demands that Serbia join the sanctions against Russia, while at the same time it does not refuse Russian oil and gas.

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Zakharova said about the “incomplete picture” without the victory of Ukraine at Eurovision

Without Ukraine's victory in the competition, “the picture of what happened to this country would be incomplete,” said an official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry. The Eurovision was won by the musicians of the folk rap group Kalush Orchestra with the song Stefania jpg” alt=”Zakharova said about the “incomplete picture” without the victory of Ukraine at Eurovision” />

To complete the picture of what is happening around Ukraine, her victory in the Eurovision Song Contest was missing, wrote the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova in Telegram.

“National costumes and musical instruments, two Baba Yagas on strings, a break -dance and chants about Azovstal. Europe applauds standing. Curtain»,— she remarked ironically.

The musicians of the Ukrainian folk rap group Kalush Orchestra with the song Stefania won Eurovision 2022, which was held in Turin, Italy. Ukraine received the maximum number of points from the jury of Poland, Moldova, Latvia, Romania, Lithuania. According to the results of the jury voting, Ukraine scored 192 points. Thanks to the viewers, the group received another 439 points.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky congratulated the Kalush Orchestra on winning the competition. “Our courage strikes the world, our music conquers Europe! Next year Ukraine will host Eurovision! For the third time in its history. And I believe— not the last one. We will do everything so that one day the participants and guests of Eurovision hosted the Ukrainian Mariupol. Free, peaceful, rebuilt,"— Zelensky said.

Great Britain took second place (466 points), third— Spain (459).

Russia did not participate in the competition this year.

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Bloomberg learned about the “Russian threat” clause in the new NATO concept

The current concept refers to partnership with Russia. According to Bloomberg, the new document is likely to include a provision on a direct threat from Moscow's actions

NATO in the new strategic concept may designate Russia's actions as a direct threat, writes Bloomberg. Brussels' position may change if Moscow changes its behavior, the agency's interlocutor noted.

According to Bloomberg, the document also touches upon the topic of assistance to neighboring countries that may be subjected to aggression.

It is expected that the strategy will take its final form during the NATO summit, which will be held in late June in Madrid. The document was discussed the day before by US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. This concept will guide the alliance for the next decade.

Commenting on the future concept, Stoltenberg said on May 15 that it will determine NATO's position for the “period of strategic rivalry”, Reuters reports.

Strategic the concept determines the long-term strategy of the alliance. It outlines NATO's security goals and objectives and, in particular, the challenges it faces.

The current NATO Strategic Concept was adopted in 2010. It notes the need for a “strategic partnership”; with Russia. The main tasks listed in it— collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security.

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A report on alliance reform published in 2020 states that Russia is the main military threat to NATO until at least 2030.

NATO, after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, held extraordinary meetings several times and announced troop movements. Stoltenberg said in April that the alliance was working on plans to send a permanent and full-scale military force to the eastern borders to protect against a possible Russian attack. According to the Secretary General, NATO is in “the midst of a fundamental transformation.”

Russia, in turn, declares the threat from NATO and opposes its expansion. At the end of 2021, Moscow proposed draft security guarantees to Washington and Brussels, which included, among other things, the rejection of NATO expansion to the east. Negotiations on these documents did not produce concrete results. On February 24, Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine.

In March, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu proposed strengthening Russia's western borders due to the actions of the alliance countries.

On May 15, Finland officially announced its decision to join the NATO. According to the newspaper Expressen, on May 16, Sweden plans to apply for membership in the alliance. The Russian authorities said they would consider the entry of the Scandinavian countries into NATO a threat to the country's security. If Finland is admitted to the organization, Moscow will take military-technical measures, warned the Foreign Ministry.

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Turkish Foreign Ministry announced the absence of “bargaining” in the position on Finland in NATO

Cavusoglu called the republic's position clear: Ankara supports the principle of “open doors” in NATO, but cannot ignore information about “support for terrorism” in the Scandinavian countries seeking to join the alliance

Mevlut Cavusoglu

Turkey's position on Finland's accession to NATO is “very clear”, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said, Hurriyet reports.

Earlier, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Ankara “does not see the positive” in the accession of Sweden and Finland to the North Atlantic Alliance. He called the Scandinavian countries “a guest house for terrorist organizations”; and noted that members of the PKK, banned in Turkey, live in Sweden and even participate in parliament.

“This is not a threat. This is not a bargain. This is not populism. These are our specific findings on the support of terrorism in countries that are seeking [to join NATO],” — Cavusoglu emphasized.

He said that Turkey nevertheless supports the “open door policy”; alliance.

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On May 15, Finland officially announced its intention to apply for NATO membership. Many countries have expressed support for such a move. Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg assured that the alliance would be able to quickly accept Helsinki and Stockholm if such a request was received.

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President Sauli Niinistö noted that he was “confused”; Ankara's statements on this topic, since in a personal telephone conversation Erdogan told him that he would accept Finland's entry into the alliance, but publicly he voiced a different position. Niinistö noted the need for a clear response from Erdogan and expressed his readiness to discuss his claims with the Turkish leader.

According to the Expressen newspaper, Sweden may apply for NATO membership on May 16.

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Scholz did not attach importance to the words of the Ukrainian ambassador about the “insulted sausage”

Olaf Scholz urged not to “put on the golden scales” every word of Kyiv, pointing out that hostilities are taking place in Ukraine. The Ambassador of Ukraine called him “an insulted liver sausage” after refusing to visit Kyiv before the visit of the President of Germany

Olaf Scholz

Since hostilities have been going on in Ukraine for several weeks, every word of Kyiv should not be “put on the golden scales,” German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said in an interview with t-online. So he commented on the words of the Ukrainian ambassador to Germany, Andriy Melnyk, who called Scholz “an offended liver sausage.” after he called an obstacle to his visit to Kyiv the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to receive German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

When Scholz was asked to comment on Melnik's criticism, he wished to leave these words to the journalist.

< p>“The important thing is that we are focused on the main thing: we want to help Ukraine defend itself. And together with our allies, we want to silence Russia and withdraw its troops from Ukraine. That's why we have imposed extensive sanctions,” — Scholz stressed.

In early May, Melnyk said that the fact that not a single representative of the federal government of Germany had visited the country since the start of hostilities indicated “lethargy German politics”, specifying that his criticism does not concern Scholz personally, but the entire government of the Federal Republic of Germany.

After that, Scholz, in an interview with ZDF, said that he could not come to Kyiv until the German president visited there. He considered “a rather remarkable event” that Ukraine refused to accept Steinmeier when the latter wanted to visit Kyiv with the presidents of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia in April. However, according to the President of Germany, the Ukrainian side denied him a visit. According to Bild, the reason was “close ties”; President of Germany with Russia in recent years.

Scholz recalled that Berlin provides financial and military assistance to Kyiv and can become a potential guarantor of its security. “You can't say: the president can't come,” — concluded the Chancellor.

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In response to this, Melnik said that “pretending to be an insulted liver sausage” not very stately,” adding that, nevertheless, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky would be happy with Scholz’s visit. The Ukrainian ambassador stressed that Kyiv is waiting for more than symbolic visits from the German government to approve a proposal for the supply of heavy weapons.

Later, Zelensky invited Scholz to visit Ukraine on May 9. “He [Scholz] can take this very powerful political step and come here to Kyiv on May 9th. I will not explain the meaning of this, I think you are educated enough to understand why, — Zelensky said. Scholz never arrived in Kyiv.

On May 10, German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock visited Ukraine, it was noted that this was the first visit of a representative of the federal government of Germany since the beginning of the Russian military operation. According to Scholz, Burbock's visit was the result of a conversation between German and Ukrainian Presidents Steinmeier and Zelensky, in which the parties eliminated “annoying factors that were in the past.”

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The head of NATO called the new concept of the alliance the basis of the era of rivalry

Jens Stoltenberg called the new concept of NATO the basis of the “epoch of strategic rivalry.” Bloomberg wrote that the document would include a clause on a direct “Russian threat.” The current concept refers to partnership with Russia

Jens Stoltenberg

NATO's new strategic concept will be the basis for the “era of strategic rivalry”, said NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, speaking via video link at a press conference following an informal meeting foreign ministers of countries— block members. The broadcast was conducted on the NATO website.

“NATO's new strategic concept will be the basis for an era of strategic rivalry”, — said Stoltenberg (quoted by Reuters).

Earlier, Bloomberg wrote that NATO in the new strategic concept could designate Russia's actions as a direct threat. According to the source of the agency, the position of Brussels may change if Moscow changes its behavior.

It is expected that the new concept of NATO will be adopted at the summit in Madrid, which will be held from 28 to 30 June. On May 15, Stoltenberg and US Secretary of State Blinken discussed preparations for the event. This concept will guide the alliance for the next decade.

The strategic concept defines the long-term strategy of the alliance. It sets out the goals and objectives of NATO in the field of security and, in particular, the challenges it faces.

In the current strategic concept “Active participation, modern defence”, which was adopted in 2010, the main tasks called collective defense, crisis management and cooperative security.

It also notes the need for a “strategic partnership” with Russia.

The NATO 2030 Reform Report Russia is designated as the main military threat to the bloc. The document notes that the alliance intends to strengthen its capabilities to contain Russia, but at the same time continuing the dialogue on peaceful coexistence on the basis of the Council of Russia— NATO. Dialogue, as emphasized in the document, NATO is ready to conduct only from a position of strength.

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NATO talked about revising the strategic concept to counter the “aggressive policy” Russia and challenges from China last June. At the same time, it was planned to agree on the implementation of new military concepts and strategies that would strengthen NATO's deterrent and defense capabilities to deal with threats from Russia and other countries. “NATO also continues to monitor the deployment of Russian troops in and around Ukraine,” noted in the message of the White House.

Since the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, NATO has held emergency meetings several times and announced troop movements. Stoltenberg said in April that the alliance was working on plans to send a permanent and full-scale military force to the eastern borders to protect against a possible Russian attack. According to the Secretary General, NATO is in “the midst of a fundamental transformation.”

Russia, in turn, declares a threat from NATO and opposes its expansion. At the end of 2021, Moscow proposed draft security guarantees to Washington and Brussels, which included, among other things, the rejection of NATO expansion to the east. Negotiations on these documents did not yield concrete results.

It was repeatedly emphasized that the parties do not want a direct clash between Russia and NATO.

On May 15, Finland officially announced its decision to join NATO. According to the newspaper Expressen, on May 16, Sweden plans to apply for membership in the alliance. The Russian authorities said that they would consider the entry of the Scandinavian countries into NATO a threat to the country's security. If Finland is admitted to the organization, Moscow will take military-technical measures, the Foreign Ministry warned.

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The European Parliament threatened Turkey with isolation due to its position on NATO

There is no objective reason to prevent Finland and Sweden from joining NATO, such actions would be a pretext for isolation in the alliance, Weber warned. Earlier Erdogan called Sweden a “guest house” for terrorists The European Parliament threatened Turkey with isolation due to its position on NATO” />

European Parliament in Brussels, Belgium

If any NATO member prevents Finland and Sweden from joining the alliance, this will be a reason for isolating this country within the bloc, Manfred Weber, leader of the European People's Party, the largest faction in the European Parliament, told WAZ.

“Anyone who whoever questions the unity of NATO will be isolated within the Commonwealth. <…> If the two countries want it themselves, then Finland and Sweden are part of it, this is out of the question. There is no apparent reason to delay or block this,— said the politician.

In mid-May, Finland made a formal decision to join NATO, and a similar step is being considered in Sweden. However, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warned that he did not see the “positive” in these plans. According to him, Sweden and Finland have become a “guest house” for terrorist organizations. The Turkish people are asking the country's authorities to block Finland's and Sweden's applications to join NATO, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said on May 14. He added that the country's position is not bargaining, populism or a threat.

Ankara then explained that the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), recognized as a terrorist organization in Turkey, is engaged in “fundraising and recruiting” in Europe, it is especially active in Sweden, and therefore the entry of these countries into the alliance has become “a matter of Turkey's national security.” ;. “We don't close the door,” — stressed the representative of the President of Turkey Ibrahim Kalin.

Ankara, Stockholm and Helsinki are negotiating on this issue, there is hope for a “good result”, announced on May 15 the head of the Croatian Foreign Ministry, Gordan Grlich-Radman.

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Russian Deputy Chairman to the UN Dmitry Polyansky added that these countries would become a possible target for a strike, provided that NATO units are deployed on their territory.

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Bloomberg learned about the EU plan to buy gas from Russia without violating sanctions

Importers will have to declare the fulfillment of all obligations to Russia after paying for gas in euros or dollars, the EC plan says, writes Bloomberg, further actions are unacceptable. Poland did not see clarity in the plan

The European Commission has prepared a plan for the purchase of Russian gas, which will allow importers to comply with Moscow's conditions without violating sanctions. In particular, European companies will have to indicate that they consider their obligations fulfilled after payment in dollars or euros in accordance with the contracts, Bloomberg writes, citing sources.

The EC informed the European governments about this at a closed meeting. Once the importers have made payment in euros or dollars and declared that they have fulfilled their obligations, Russia should not require them to take any further action regarding the payment.

Bloomberg interlocutors added that the European Commission decided not to prevent companies from opening an account with Gazprombank in US or European currency, but did not specify its attitude towards opening a ruble account.

Bloomberg sources indicated that European countries were divided in assessing the new recommendations of the European Commission. Germany, Hungary, France and Italy generally approved of the plan, but the Polish representatives felt that it did not bring legal clarity, calling for discussion of this topic by EU ambassadors. The rest of the countries, the agency’s interlocutors added, noted the absence of specific instructions on opening a ruble account.

German companies have already approved the European Commission’s plan, one Bloomberg source added.

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Moscow's requirements oblige buyers from the list of “unfriendly countries” open two accounts in Gazprombank— currency and ruble. After the payment is received on the first account in dollars or the Eurobank independently converts the funds on the Moscow Exchange, after which it credits rubles to the second account.

The European Commission called for not fulfilling the requirements of Russia, noting that this would be regarded as a violation of the laws imposed against countries of sanctions. Bloomberg notes that these warnings were made verbally without being fixed in documents.

Bulgaria and Poland at the end of April refused to comply with the conditions of Moscow, Gazprom; then suspended gas supplies to these countries. At the same time, a number of European companies noted that they would continue to buy gas from Russia even if they opened an account with Gazprombank. “We will pay the invoice amount, which will continue to be denominated in euros, to accounts with Gazprombank in accordance with the planned procedure,” explained in German VNG.

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The President of Finland called cold-blooded conversation with Putin about NATO

Finnish President Niinistö: conversation with Putin was calm and cool Putin was “surprisingly calm” about the conversation with Niinistö about Finland's prospects in NATO, the president said. Earlier, the Russian Foreign Ministry said that Moscow would take steps of a “military-technical nature” jpg” alt=”President of Finland called cold-blooded conversation with Putin about NATO” />

Sauli Niinistö and Vladimir Putin

During a conversation with the Russian President about the prospect of Finland joining NATO, Vladimir Putin “did not repeat the threats from his subordinates”, the conversation took place in a calm manner, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said in an interview with CNN.

“In general the discussion was very calm and cool <…> it was surprising that he took it calmly, & mdash; appreciated the President of Finland.

Ninisto added that one should be careful and careful, despite any statements by the Russian authorities.

The President of Finland explained that he called his Russian colleague for a frank conversation about what is happening, since the country does not intend to “quietly disappear around the corner.” He announced this earlier on May 15 during a joint press conference with Prime Minister Sanna Marin, MTV Uutiset reported. He said that he was worried about possible “military-technical measures” countermeasures, which were mentioned in the warnings of Moscow.

The President of Finland gave several possible explanations why this time the reaction of the Russian side was more restrained than before. First, he said, Moscow was following the cooperation between Helsinki and NATO and could understand that the parties were already cooperating as closely as possible for the country— partner of the alliance, or Moscow wants to avoid public discussion of this topic. Finally, Niinistö continued, the Russian authorities may indeed take a more relaxed view on the matter.

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Marin added that “everything has changed”; and now in Helsinki they see “a completely different Russia” than before the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine. Finland cannot count on Russia to pursue a peaceful policy, she said. “Finland's decision to join NATO was made so that there would never be a new war in Finland,” — emphasized Marin.

The conversation between the Finnish and Russian presidents took place on Saturday, May 14. Putin considered the decision of the country's authorities a mistake, recalling that the country had previously adhered to neutrality. He also assured that Russia does not pose a threat. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations,” — suggested the Russian president. At the same time, its representative Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia.

The Foreign Ministry warned that in such a scenario, Moscow “would be forced to take retaliatory steps, both military-technical and other in nature, in in order to stop the threats to its national security arising in this regard. Dmitry Polyansky, Russia's Deputy Chairman to the UN, said that with the deployment of NATO units in Sweden and Finland, their territories could become possible targets for strikes.

Against this background, Finland agreed with the UK to provide mutual assistance in the event of an attack. This assistance may include military means, the declaration of the parties said. The Finnish government emphasized that they were not afraid of the likely consequences. “It's our choice, we shouldn't limit ourselves to wiggle room because of threats,” — said the country's Minister for European Affairs and Property Management Tyutti Tuppurainen.

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Sweden followed Finland in joining NATO

If approved, Stockholm intends to achieve non-deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases of the alliance in the country, the ruling party of Sweden said. The leaders of other parties approved the submission of an application to NATO Finland decided to join NATO” />

Sweden has officially decided to apply to join NATO, the ruling Social Democratic Party (S/SAP) said in a statement.

&laquo The party will work to get Sweden to apply for NATO membership. Thus, the Social Democrats will seek to ensure that Sweden, in the event that the NATO application is approved, expresses unilateral reservations against the deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases on Swedish territory, — said in the message.

The Prime Minister of Sweden, Magdalena Andersson, explained at a press conference that the country's neutrality had previously served well, but in the future such a policy would not be useful, SVT reports. She added that she did not want Russia's actions following Ukraine to be directed against Sweden.

“If Sweden became the only non-NATO country in the Baltic Sea region, we would be in a vulnerable position,” — she stressed, expressing her hope that the application will be submitted as soon as possible.

Aftonbladet, citing a source, said that the Swedish authorities have already prepared the application, but Stockholm intends to send it at the same time together with the Finnish side. According to Aftonbladet, the government will make a formal decision at an extraordinary meeting on Monday, May 16, after a debate in parliament.

The Social Democrats have more seats in the Swedish parliament than other political forces (100 out of 349) and formed a minority government, all cabinet ministers are members of the Social Democratic Party.

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A number of leaders of other factions in the Swedish Parliament approved the position of the Social Democratic Party. Chapter of the Moderates Ulf Kristersson stated that “with pleasure” learned of this news, his faction is the second largest in the Swedish Parliament.

The head of the Christian Democrats Ebba Bush called the decision wise, “though much overdue.” “We Christian Democrats have long been in favor of NATO membership,” — Bush wrote on Twitter.

Sweden's Liberal Party noted on Twitter that security these days is built within alliances, not outside of them, with Stockholm's security dependent on neighboring countries. “Sweden cannot isolate itself from the outside world. So it's good that Sweden is also joining the broad parliamentary majority to do what Finland does,” — party statement says.

A similar decision was made by the Government of Finland on the same day, 15 May. Helsinki will submit a formal application after consultations in parliament, the Finnish Foreign Ministry said that this will happen on May 18. The decision of the Finnish authorities was prompted by Russia's actions in Ukraine, Minister Pekka Haavisto explained. “Unpredictable behavior of Russia” this is an inevitable problem. Russia is ready to carry out very risky operations for itself.».— he said in early May.

Western countries have announced their intention to approve applications from Finland and Sweden. The Alliance will explore ways to ensure the security of these countries before they are accepted into its membership, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg announced. He clarified that one of the options is to increase the military presence in the region.

Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed the “potential threats arising in this regard” against the backdrop of discussions about the prospects for Scandinavian countries to join NATO. with the National Security Council. He called Finland's decision to become a member of the alliance a mistake. The Russian Foreign Ministry warned that Moscow would be forced to take military-technical measures.

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The United States announced the reflection of the deterrence of “aggression” of Russia in the NATO concept

The US Secretary of State warned that NATO's updated strategic concept would reflect a policy of deterring “any aggression” from Russia. Bloomberg wrote that the alliance could call Moscow's actions a direct threat in the document

Anthony Blinken

The new strategic concept of NATO will fully reflect the deterrence of any manifestation of “aggression”; Russia, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said during a press conference in Berlin following the meeting of the foreign ministers of the alliance countries. The broadcast was conducted on YouTube.

“The basis of NATO, the basis of the strategic concept is the concept of defense and deterrence. This led to the formation of the alliance. And this includes, among other things, the containment of any aggression on the part of Russia,»,— said Blinken.

Strategic Concept— NATO's flagship document, last updated in November 2010.

“It will identify the security challenges facing the Alliance and outline the political and military tasks that NATO will undertake to address them.” ,— stated on the website of the alliance.

NATO also indicates that over the past ten years, “the world has changed radically”, strategic competition has grown.

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According to Bloomberg, NATO may designate Moscow's actions as a direct threat if Russian foreign policy does not change. The countries of the alliance also touch upon the topic of providing assistance to those states that have been subjected to aggression, the interlocutors of the agency said.

“The new NATO strategic concept will become the basis for an era of strategic rivalry,” announced the secretary general of the organization Jens Stoltenberg on May 15.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, during the announcement of the start of a special operation in Ukraine, said that the expansion of NATO to the east causes “special concern and alarm”. In his opinion, the alliance has become “an instrument of foreign policy”; Washington. In mid-March, the Foreign Ministry announced that relations between Russia and NATO had reached a “zero mark”, accusing the bloc of suspending military and civilian cooperation with the Russian side since 2014 and ignoring Moscow's security concerns.

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In Chechnya, they announced the death of seven US citizens in a special operation in Ukraine

Seven Americans who fought on the side of Ukraine as part of the special forces were killed in the Donbass, the Chechen authorities said. The State Department previously said that one of them is alive and safe

Rubezhnoye

Seven American citizens who fought on the side of the Armed Forces of Ukraine as part of special forces were killed in the Ukrainian city of Rubezhnoye, RIA Novosti said. assistant to the head of Chechnya on the security bloc Apta Alaudinov.

He clarified that US citizens died as a result of the battle at the Dye Plant, one of them was named Joseph Ward Clark. “They were fixed by us, and they all departed to another world, leaving behind Javelins, documents and their weapons,” — Alaudinov reported.

A month earlier, on April 14, Clark's documents were published by the Minister of Information and Press of Chechnya, Akhmed Dudayev. He posted on VKontakte video showing the passport of a US citizen named Joseph Ward Clark.

Dudayev claimed that the passport belonged to one of the “representatives” of the US intelligence agencies that “work on the territory of Donbass and are engaged in the destruction of the civilian population.” “They all find shelter here in the Ukrainian land, the so-called,” added the Chechen minister.

On the same day, the State Department called reports of Clark's death or capture untrue. “I'm limited in what I can say due to privacy concerns, but I have reason to believe this person is safe,” — said department spokesman Ned Price.

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The US administration then recommended that US citizens refrain from traveling to Ukraine and not participate in hostilities. “We know that people want to help, but we urge Americans to find other ways to do it, — urged the representative of the White House Jen Psaki.

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The President of Finland doubted the possibility of a “Russian attack”

Niinistö said that he did not believe in a scenario in which Russia would attack Finland – not before, not now. On the eve of Helsinki, they officially decided to join NATO, Putin called such a step erroneous ” alt=”The President of Finland doubted the possibility of a “Russian attack”” />

Sauli Niinistö

Finland used to be neutral, but now Europe is divided and there are not many options left to remain non-bloc, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö told CNN. Video posted on YouTube.

“I don't believe they planned any attack against Finland, then or now,” — added Niinistö.

The Finnish President also said that he called Russian President Vladimir Putin for a frank conversation to announce his intention to apply for membership in NATO. The conversation with Putin was calm and cool, Niinistö said, calling it surprising. The Russian president did not “repeate the threats from his subordinates,” calling the Helsinki decision a mistake, he continued. At the same time, the Finnish president noted that despite the words of the Russian authorities, one should be careful and attentive.

During a press conference, he said there could be several reasons for Moscow's calm reaction. First of all, Russia followed the cooperation between Finland and NATO and could notice that both sides are already cooperating as closely as the status of an alliance partner country allows, Niinistö suggested. In addition, he continued, the Russian authorities may not want public discussion of this topic among the inhabitants of the country, or in fact take this topic more calmly.

The Finnish authorities announced on May 15 that the country will apply to NATO after consultations in Parliament, which will be held the next day on Monday, May 16. The conversation between Putin and Niinistö took place the day before— May 14. The Russian president considered Helsinki's decision a mistake, noting that Finland had previously been neutral and Russia was not a threat. According to Putin, such a change of course in foreign policy could “negatively affect Russian-Finnish relations. At the same time, its representative Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia.

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If Finland joins NATO, Russia will be forced to take retaliatory steps, the Russian Foreign Ministry warned. These will be measures “both of a military-technical and other nature in order to stop the threats arising in this regard,” the ministry explained. If NATO units are deployed on Finnish and Swedish territory, it can become a possible target for a strike, said Dmitry Polyansky, Deputy Chairman of Russia to the UN.

Against this background, Helsinki agreed in London to provide mutual support in the event of an attack on one of sides. This assistance, the joint declaration says, may include military means. At the same time, the Finnish government noted that they were not afraid of the possible consequences of joining the alliance. “It's our choice, we shouldn't limit ourselves to wiggle room because of threats,” — emphasized the Finnish Minister for European Affairs and Property Management Tytti Tuppurainen.

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Zakharova considered Ukraine’s victory at Eurovision “a humiliation of Europe”

Ukraine's victory at Eurovision showed that “humiliating Europe is now in trend,” said Maria Zakharova. According to her, this demonstrated the attitude towards Europe of Washington and “NATO structures” jpg” alt=”Zakharova considered Ukraine's victory at Eurovision “a humiliation of Europe”” />

Eurovision Song Contest showed that humiliating Europe is now in trend, said the official representative of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maria Zakharova, on the air of “Sunday Evening with Vladimir Solovyov” on the TV channel “Russia 1”. She posted the video on her Telegram channel.

“If they told me that what won won, I would probably ridicule. Because it is so obvious and already so indecent that it seemed to me that the European Broadcasting Corporation and the organizers would not allow them to be humiliated like that. But it turns out that humiliating Europe is now in trend, — said Zakharova.

According to her, this was a manifestation of destructive “soft power”; and demonstrated the policy of Washington and “NATO structures” in relation to Europe.

«Soft power»— a form of political power that involves promoting interests through voluntary participation.

Earlier, Zakharova said that for a complete picture of what is happening around Ukraine, her victory at Eurovision was not enough. “National costumes and musical instruments, two Baba Yagas on strings, break dance and chants about Azovstal. Europe applauds standing. Curtain»,— she remarked with irony.

Musicians of the Ukrainian folk rap group Kalush Orchestra with the song Stefania won Eurovision 2022, which was held in Turin, Italy. Ukraine received the maximum number of points from the jury of Poland, Moldova, Latvia, Romania, Lithuania. According to the results of the jury voting, Ukraine scored 192 points. Thanks to the viewers, the group received another 439 points.

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Great Britain took second place (466 points), third— Spain (459). Russia did not participate in the contest this year.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky congratulated the Kalush Orchestra on their victory and promised to do everything so that one day the contest would be held in a “free and peaceful” city. Mariupol.

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In Belarus, they announced a decrease in exports by $ 18 billion due to sanctions

Western sanctions have blocked almost all exports of Belarusian goods to North America and the EU, Prime Minister Roman Golovchenko said. He said that Minsk would redirect this volume of supplies to the markets of Asia, Africa and the Middle East

Roman Golovchenko (foreground)

Due to economic sanctions imposed against Belarus, almost all exports Minsk to the EU and North America was blocked. Belarusian Prime Minister Roman Golovchenko stated this in an interview with Al Arabiya TV channel.

“This amount per year is about $16-18 billion. Naturally, we cannot lose this volume of exports and must reorient it to other markets, including Asian, African, the Middle East and the Arabian Gulf. This is what we are currently working on,— he said (quote from BelTa).

According to the prime minister, Minsk interprets sanctions as “a tool not just of pressure, but of hybrid aggression”, the goal of restrictions, according to Golovchenko— “bring the country to its knees, strangle it economically and achieve by force the fulfillment of some requirements or conditions.”

After the presidential elections in Belarus in August 2020, the EU countries and the United States imposed several rounds of sanctions against Minsk, which affected officials, the country's public debt, state-owned companies, including Belavia; and Belorusneft. In addition, restrictions against Belarus by the EU, the US, the UK and other states were tightened after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine on February 24. They touched upon the energy and transport sectors, the financial and other sectors, and visa policy.

In particular, within the framework of the fifth package of EU sanctions against Russia, the EU imposed a ban on the import of potassium chloride from Belarus through its territory. In addition, on April 8, the Russian Federal Customs Service announced that the EU countries had stopped letting trucks registered in Russia and Belarus; the ban did not apply to trucks that transport pharmaceutical, medical, food and agricultural products, energy carriers, non-ferrous metals and fertilizers. In response, the government of Belarus banned cars and tractors from crossing the customs border of the EAEU.

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Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko assured that his country is not going to take part in the Russian military operation in Ukraine. According to him, Russia and Belarus are able to cope with the consequences of restrictions and teach other countries “how to overcome sanctions.” According to Lukashenka, the sanctions period— this is “a time of opportunity”.

The head of the Ministry of Economic Development of Belarus, Alexander Chervyakov, previously called Western sanctions “economic genocide.” The purpose of the restrictions, according to him, is “completely destroy a number of industries that are key to our economy.”

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Delegations of the Public Chamber were not allowed to participate in the OSCE meeting

The organization, which this year is headed by Poland, has withdrawn the accreditation of the delegation. The chamber condemned the decision and emphasized that they submitted an application in accordance with all the rules. The accreditation was withdrawn when the public had already flown to Vienna

Poland is chairing the OSCE this year. The Chamber condemned the decision of the organizer of the meeting— OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). The organization emphasized that they had issued accreditation for their representatives in accordance with the rules, and the organizers themselves confirmed their right to participate in the conference. The accreditation was withdrawn only when the delegation from the chamber had already flown to Vienna. Poland, as the chair country, and the organizers themselves, “ignored” sent requests and did not specify the reason for such a decision, the chamber said.

Meeting on the theme “Functioning of democratic institutions in times of crisis” will take place on 16 and 17 May in Vienna. The Civic Chamber noted that they were going to tell colleagues from other countries about the experience of Russian non-governmental organizations (NGOs), whose activities are related to local self-government, freedom of speech and peaceful assembly, as well as about “best practices for developing democratic institutions”; in Russia.

Sweden says NATO membership is not directed against Russia

Sweden, following Finland, announced that it intends to join NATO. The Cabinet of Ministers of the country stated that this decision is the best for the security of Sweden, it is not directed against Russia

Magdalena Andersson

Swedish's decision to apply for NATO membership was made in order to secure the country, told Aftonbladet newspaper head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry Ann Linde.

“This decision is not directed against Russia”,— she emphasized.

Her point of view was supported by the Prime Minister of Sweden Magdalena Andersson: “We, the Social Democrats, believe that the best thing for the country's security would be joining NATO.” “If Sweden becomes the only non-NATO country in the Baltic Sea region, we will be in a vulnerable position,” — quotes her SVT.

According to Andersson, Sweden should apply to join NATO along with Finland, and this must be done “as soon as possible.” Countries need to get security guarantees from bloc members, the politician added.

Andersson said the world's security situation has changed since the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine; she did not rule out that “similar aggression could be directed against Sweden.”

The ruling Social Democratic Party (S/SAP) announced its official decision to join NATO on the evening of 15 May. According to Aftonbladet, the Swedish authorities have already prepared a corresponding application, in Stockholm they intend to send it along with the Finnish side.

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Finland announced similar plans on the same day. As Helsinki said, the country will submit an application to NATO after consultations in Parliament, which will be held on Monday, May 16.

Last week, Russian President Vladimir Putin held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO; He considered Helsinki's decision to join the bloc erroneous. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Moscow views such a scenario as a threat, and Russia's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” will be expressed; and how the alliance's military infrastructure will move.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg promised in early April that if Helsinki and Stockholm want to join the alliance, they will promptly receive a positive response. The desire of Finland and Sweden to join NATO was supported by the United States, while Turkey did not see this as a positive. According to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Scandinavian countries are “a guest house for terrorists” (he is referring to the PKK, banned in Turkey). At the same time, Ankara stated that they support the principle of “open doors”; in NATO.

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Zelensky replaced the commander of the Territorial Defense Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

President of Ukraine Zelensky appointed Igor Tantsyura commander of the Territorial Defense Forces. By another decree, Zelensky dismissed the commander of the unit, Yuri Galushkin. The President created the Territorial Defense Forces on January 1

President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky appointed Major General Igor Tantsyura as commander of the Territorial Defense Forces of the Armed Forces of the country (APU), follows from the text of the decree, which is published on the website of the head of state.

“To appoint Major General Tantsyur Igor Ivanovich as Commander of the Territorial Defense Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine”, — said in document.

Russian Ambassador to the United States reported on incoming threats against diplomats

Russian Ambassador to the US Antonov: Diplomats receive death threats The Russian embassy in Washington operates in a hostile environment and resembles a besieged fortress, Ambassador Antonov said. He added that they are trying to push Russian diplomats to betrayal

The Russian Embassy in the United States

Employees of the Russian Embassy in the United States receive threats, including physical violence. This was stated by Russian Ambassador Anatoly Antonov on the air of Soloviev Live.

“Every day, anti-Russian actions are held at our diplomatic mission, hooligan antics, acts of vandalism take place. My comrades, the embassy staff, are receiving threats, including physical violence,»,— he said.

Antonov pointed out that the Russian embassy operates in a hostile environment and agreed with the comparison that the diplomatic mission resembles a besieged fortress. Nevertheless, the Russian embassy in Washington continues normal diplomatic work, he stressed.

According to him, Russian diplomats in the United States are also trying to push for betrayal: politicians publish in the American media calls for embassy employees and the military to “go over on the side of the so-called democracy.

Earlier on May 14, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Western countries were trying to find traitors among Russian diplomats both inside Russia and abroad.

“Traitors could not be found among diplomats,”— he declared. Lavrov stressed that Russian diplomatic representatives continue to fulfill their professional duties in accordance with the requirements of the time.

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So, on May 9, Russian Ambassador to Poland Sergey Andreev was doused with red syrup when he took part in the ceremony at the Soviet military cemetery in Warsaw. The crowd did not allow the ambassador to lay a wreath, and he was forced to leave the memorial.

The Russian Foreign Ministry protested to the Polish authorities and demanded an apology from Warsaw. The head of the Polish Foreign Ministry called the incident “an incident that should not have happened and which, of course, is regrettable.”

Polish Interior Minister Mariusz Kaminsky, in turn, said that the emotions of the Ukrainians who attacked the Russian ambassador ” ;understandable».

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The head of the DPR allowed the import of goods from Kharkiv and Kherson regions

The ban on the import of goods from Ukraine to the DPR was introduced in 2017. With a new decree, Pushilin lifted restrictions on the import of a number of goods from the Kharkiv, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions of Ukraine

The head of the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) Denis Pushilin lifted the ban on the import of a number of goods from Kharkov, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions of Ukraine to the territory of the DPR. The corresponding decree is published on the website of the head of the republic.

According to the Donetsk News Agency, the ban introduced in 2017 in accordance with Decree No. 73 has been lifted by new Decree No. 206. According to the new decree, residents of the DPR and LPR are allowed to conclude foreign economic transactions with non-residents of Kharkiv, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions without customs procedures.

It is noted that the import and export of goods on the basis of such transactions is allowed without customs duties, while the import of alcohol and tobacco products into the single customs zone of the DPR and LPR remains prohibited.

At the end of April, the head of the DPR already announced the beginning of trade relations between the republic and the territories of Ukraine controlled by the Russian Armed Forces. “This work (trade and economic relations with the territories of Ukraine under the control of the Russian Armed Forces — RBC) is already underway, the exchange of products in a test mode is already underway, and products are being shipped from the territory of the DPR to those directions, and from there, too, products are already being delivered here,»,— Pushilin said then.

Russia launched an operation in Ukraine on February 24. President Vladimir Putin called its goals “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring state. Kherson, as well as part of the Kharkiv and Zaporozhye regions are currently under the control of the Russian military.

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The authorities of the provisional military-civilian administrations of the Kharkiv and Kherson regions did not previously rule out holding a referendum on the political future of the regions. Kirill Stremousov, deputy chairman of the military-civilian administration of the Kherson region, in particular, announced his intention to turn to Putin with a request to annex the region to Russia.

In turn, presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov previously noted that the issue of including the Kherson region in Russia should be decided by the inhabitants of the region. At the same time, the issue should be “clearly and carefully verified by lawyers and lawyers,” he added.

After the outbreak of hostilities, Ukraine severed diplomatic relations with Russia, introduced martial law and announced mobilization. The parties have held several rounds of negotiations since the end of February. The Ukrainian authorities deny the existence of “neo-Nazi formations,” said Vladimir Medinsky, head of the Russian delegation. In Kyiv, they warned that they would withdraw from the negotiation process if referendums were held on Ukrainian territory occupied by Russia.

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Zelensky signs law banning “pro-Russian” parties in Ukraine

President of Ukraine Zelensky signed a law banning “pro-Russian” parties in the country. A pro-Russian party will be considered a party that “denies aggression against Ukraine” does not recognize the “temporary occupation” of certain territories of the country or glorifies the “militia”. The court will liquidate the party. “pro-Russian” parties in Ukraine” />

Vladimir Zelensky

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky signed a law banning the activities of political parties with a “pro-Russian” position, says the page of the law on the website of the Verkhovna Rada.

The law will come into force on May 15— the day after publication. Earlier, on May 3, the draft document was approved by the Verkhovna Rada.

The Parliament’s Telegram channel explained that any political party that conducts “anti-Ukrainian activities” can be banned. The law expands the list of grounds for such a ban in court. Party activity can now be terminated if:

  • "justifies, justifies or denies the armed aggression against Ukraine";
  • calls the conflict “internal”;
  • denies “temporary occupation” parts of the country;

Antonov announced US plans to limit the use of Sarmat missiles

According to the Russian ambassador to the United States, Washington “really dislikes” Russia's Sarmat intercontinental missiles and Poseidon unmanned underwater vehicles, so they insist on limiting their use

Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov

Washington “doesn't like” Russia's strategic weapons, including the intercontinental ballistic missile “Sarmat” and the carrier of unmanned underwater vehicles “Poseidon”, they insist on the restriction or complete ban on their use. About this on the air «Soloviev Live» said Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov.

«Poseidon» they really don't like, they really don't like Sarmat, and in all the meetings that we have with academia, we are told all the time that in a future arms control agreement, these Poseidons should be banned, of course, it is necessary to limit the use of “Sarmatians” and so on»,— said the diplomat.

«Sarmat»— complex with a heavy intercontinental missile, its weight exceeds 200 tons. Firing range— 18 thousand km. The missile has a short active flight segment, which complicates the process of intercepting it by means of air defense.

According to the director general and designer of the State Missile Center. Makeev (the developer of Sarmat) Vladimir Degtyar, the rocket is capable of providing a flight path around the entire globe.

On April 20, the Ministry of Defense announced the first successful launch of the Sarmat. The launch was carried out from the Plesetsk cosmodrome, the warheads of the rocket reached the test site in Kamchatka, and the design characteristics of the rocket were confirmed at all stages of the flight, the ministry said. Head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin then stated that the first Sarmat missiles will be put into service in the Krasnoyarsk Territory no later than the autumn of 2022.

On the development of the missile “Sarmat” first told by Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2018. He called the rocket “unique” a weapon that can ensure the security of Russia from external threats, and also stated that there are no analogues “in the world and will not be for a long time to come.” He repeated these words, congratulating the military on the launch in April this year.

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Khusnullin announced the start of assistance in restoring the infrastructure of the LPR

According to the Deputy Prime Minister, the first column of equipment and specialists from Russia has already arrived on the territory of the republic

Russia has begun to assist the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) in restoring infrastructure, the first column of equipment and specialists has already arrived in the region . This was stated by Russian Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin on his Telegram channel.

“We have begun active assistance to the LPR in restoring infrastructure! The first convoy of 70 vehicles and about 350 specialists arrived in the region today! The plans include the repair of housing, roads and infrastructure,»,— he wrote.

According to him, “this is only the first step.” He promised to continue to cooperate with the authorities of the republic.

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in Ukraine in the early morning of February 24. According to him, the main goals of the operation— “demilitarization” and “denazification” Ukraine, as well as protecting the population of the republics of Donbass. Ukraine, in response, imposed martial law and announced mobilization.

On May 9, Minister of Construction and Housing and Public Utilities Irek Fayzullin said that the Ministry of Construction was assessing the costs required to restore the infrastructure of Donbass. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky previously estimated the restoration of Ukraine's damaged infrastructure at $600 billion.

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Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly stated that foreign funds from the Bank of Russia, frozen as a result of sanctions, can be used to restore the country. The Ministry of Economy of Ukraine has estimated their size at $415 billion and asks Western partners to develop a mechanism for the confiscation of this money in favor of Kyiv. According to Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, the West has frozen about $300 billion out of $640 billion in Central Bank reserves abroad.

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US diplomat called an acceptable version of the agreement between Russia and Ukraine

According to the US Charge d'Affaires in Ukraine, Washington is counting on a diplomatic solution to the conflict, but it must first of all be acceptable to Kyiv

Chargé d'Affaires of the United States in Ukraine Christina Quinn (center)

The United States is ready to support a peace agreement between Moscow and Kyiv, in which Ukraine will emerge victorious from the conflict. This was stated by Chargé d'Affaires of the United States in Ukraine Christina Quinn on ICTV.

“I would like to see a diplomatic solution to this [conflict], but obviously there cannot be a diplomatic solution where Ukraine loses and Russia wins. This is an unacceptable way to end this unilateral aggression. Yaby wanted Ukraine and Russia to reach an amicable agreement that would be acceptable to Ukraine. And if it is so, then the United States will support it, — she declared.

Earlier on May 14, Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov said that Russian diplomats “firmly and clearly” declared the United States of the impossibility of capitulation of Moscow in Ukraine. “The Americans, in principle, are pushing us to negotiate from all sides, but under certain conditions, and I would name three such conditions. This is, firstly, to stop hostilities in the course of a special military operation. Second— withdraw our troops behind the line until February 24 of this year. And the third — “repent for everything you have done,” — he said and clarified that “there will never be such a surrender.”

Antonov also expressed confidence that all the tasks set by Russian President Vladimir Putin for the armed forces would be completed.

Negotiations between Russia and Ukraine on a peace agreement and security guarantees for Kyiv began a few days after the start of the special operation. Several meetings were held in person at the end of February— early March. On March 29, delegations from both sides met in Istanbul, then Ukraine submitted written proposals to Moscow to resolve the conflict.

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According to the head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, Kyiv confirmed Ukraine's desire to remain a neutral and non-nuclear state. The theses on the status of Donbass and Crimea have disappeared from the list of provisions on security guarantees. In addition, Kyiv decided not to return the peninsula under its control by military means.

In early April, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that after the publication of materials on the situation in the Ukrainian city of Bucha, Kyiv tried to interrupt the negotiation process and abandon its proposals. Since then, the Russian authorities have repeatedly said that negotiations have stalled. On May 11, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov described them as “sluggish and ineffective”, and a day later said that the results of the meetings “have nothing to brag about.”

In turn, the head of US national intelligence, Avril Haynes stated that Washington sees no prospects for successful negotiations around the situation in Ukraine in the near future. “Given that both Russia and Ukraine believe they can continue to make military gains, we see no viable way forward through negotiations.” at least in the short term,»— she said. In addition, in her opinion, in Ukraine there is the possibility of a “potential escalation” in the next few months.

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Blinken discussed with Stoltenberg a new strategic concept of NATO

The new concept of the North Atlantic Alliance should be adopted at the summit in Madrid, which will be held from 28 to 30 June. This document will guide the alliance over the next decade discussed NATO's new strategic concept with Stoltenberg” />

U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, during a telephone conversation with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, discussed support for Ukraine and the defense potential of the alliance, according to the website of the American diplomatic department.

< p>“[They] reaffirmed their support for the Ukrainian people and the territorial integrity of Ukraine and discussed the importance of maintaining NATO's credible deterrence and defense policy,” said in the message.

Blinken and Stoltenberg also discussed preparations for the upcoming NATO summit in Madrid on June 28-30, including a new NATO Strategic Concept Paper. This document will guide the alliance for the next decade.

NATO's Strategic Concept defines the Alliance's long-term strategy. It sets out NATO's purpose, nature and fundamental security missions, and the challenges and opportunities the Alliance faces in a changing security environment.

In the current Strategic Concept “Active Participation, Modern Defense” (2010) outlined three main objectives: collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security.

Against the backdrop of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, NATO countries have already held extraordinary congresses several times and announced the redeployment of troops. On April 10, Stoltenberg said that NATO was “in the midst of a fundamental transformation”; and is working on plans to send a permanent and full-scale military force to the eastern borders to defend against Russia.

At the same time, US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin stressed that NATO does not want a direct confrontation with Russia. According to the head of the Pentagon, the clash between Russia and the alliance “will quickly develop into another kind of struggle and no one would like to see it.”

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Russian Ambassador to Germany expressed hope for the launch of Nord Stream 2

At the same time, the diplomat noted that in Germany there is a “political order” not to use gas from Russia and reduce dependence on Moscow

Russian Ambassador to Germany Sergei Nechaev expressed hope that the German authorities will eventually return to the Nord Stream gas pipeline project; 2". The diplomat stated this on the air of Solovyov Live.

“The time will come to return to this project, at least I hope so,”— he said.

According to him, technically the project is completed, the pipes are not only laid, but also filled with process gas. He explained that Nord Stream— 2″ can start supplying gas to Germany at any moment.

“On the other hand, there is a political order not to use gas from Russia in any way, on the contrary, to follow the path of reducing imports from Russia,”— added by Nechaev.

Germany suspends Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline certification February 22, the day after Moscow recognized the independence of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.

On February 23, German Economy Minister Robert Habeck allowed the project to be completely stopped. In his opinion, it was wiser not to build the gas pipeline at all, because it turned out to be a “lump of risk”; in the Baltic Sea, and energy policy “should be assessed from a security policy and geopolitical perspective.” On the same day, US President Joe Biden instructed his administration to impose sanctions against the project.

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The Kremlin expressed hope that the suspension of certification by the German regulator would be temporary. At the same time, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak did not rule out that Moscow had the right to respond to the refusal to certify Nord Stream 2 stopping the flow of gas through Nord Stream 1.

The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline consists of two strings of pipes with a length of about 1200 km. Their total power— 55 bcm m of gas per year. The preliminary decision to start construction of the gas pipeline with the participation of an international consortium, which included ENGIE, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell, Uniper and Wintershall, was made in 2012. The construction of the gas pipeline was completed in September 2021.

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German business called a catastrophe the cessation of gas supplies from Russia

Stopping Russian gas supplies will have devastating consequences for the country. This was stated in an interview with the Bild am Sontag newspaper by the head of the German industrial union, Siegfried Ruswurm.

“To date, the consequences of cutting off Russian gas supplies would be catastrophic. We must proceed from the fact that with a shortage of such volumes, gas would no longer enter the final branches of our gas pipeline system at all, — he said.

According to him, with the introduction of an embargo on energy resources from Russia, a number of German enterprises would have to stop production.

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Since the beginning of the Russian operation in Ukraine, Berlin has already imposed several packages of sanctions against Moscow, and the country's top officials have repeatedly spoken about their intention to get rid of energy dependence on Russia. The head of German diplomacy Annalena Burbock, in particular, on May 10 announced the country's intention to completely and forever abandon energy from Russia in the future.

Prior to this, the G7 countries (G7), which includes Germany, agreed to gradually abandon the import of Russian oil or impose an embargo after the United States. At the same time, the German Ministry of Economy noted that the rejection of Russian oil would be a “heavy burden”, but indicated their readiness to take this step.

Earlier, the fact that some subsidiaries of Gazprom Germania GmbH do not receive gas due to retaliatory sanctions that Russia has imposed on the West was announced by the Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek. According to him, due to Russian sanctions, the country receives less than 10 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

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The first level of the emergency prevention regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third is announced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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