“I gave it away for a penny”: Tinkov told the NYT how he was forced to sell his stake in Tinkoff Bank

The businessman revealed the details of the deal.

The media found out the details of the transaction for the sale of 35% in TCS Group from Oleg Tinkov. The billionaire said that he parted with a stake in the group that owns Tinkoff Bank after a call from the Kremlin.

According to RBC, referring to The New York Times, Oleg Tinkov spoke about the special operation of the Russian Federation in Ukraine, and a day later, representatives of the Kremlin contacted the leadership of Tinkoff Bank and threatened to nationalize it.

According to Tinkov, his he was forced to sell his share – he could not bargain.

As a result, he sold Tinkoff to Vladimir Potanin and his Interros for no more than 3% of the real value of this share.

“This is the state of a hostage – you take what you are offered, I could not agree”, – says Tinkov.

In general, the bank had to be sold “for a penny,” complained Oleg Tinkov.

The billionaire also added that many businessmen in the Russian Federation agree with his position, but they spoke of it only in private. The rich are publicly afraid to say this.

The media calculated that 35% of TCS Group could be worth almost $2.4 billion, but it could be sold for much less – $300 million. RBC's source reports the amount of 350 million dollars. The Central Bank approved the deal, but did not disclose the details.

On the Moscow Exchange, the market capitalization of TCS Group is estimated at $6.9 billion.

As Topnews wrote earlier, Oleg Tinkov announced that he was selling a stake in “Tinkoff Bank” after condemning the Russian authorities because of the situation in Ukraine. The businessman said goodbye to the team and announced that he was going to retire.

The bank said they wanted to rebrand.

Источник topnews.ru

Putin congratulated Russian Muslims on Eid al-Fitr

Vladimir Putin congratulated Russian Muslims on Eid al-Fitr.

The President noted that this holiday symbolizes adherence to humanistic ideals, piety and mercy.

According to Heads of the Russian Federation, Russian Muslims make a worthy contribution to strengthening interethnic peace and harmony in society, preserving cultural diversity and defending the interests of the country.

Earlier today, events began at the Moscow Cathedral Mosque on the occasion of the Muslim holiday.

Источник aif.ru

In Russia, they can increase the tax deduction for the purchase of housing in new buildings

It is planned to double the property tax deduction only when buying housing in new buildings. This was stated by the head of the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation Irek Faizullin in a conversation with TASS.

Earlier, Izvestia wrote that the State Duma is considering the possibility of doubling the tax deduction for buying a home. The authors of the document noted that the initiative is due to a sharp increase in housing prices. 

«We are still discussing the extension only to new buildings of the [increased tax deduction, if the bill is passed]», – Fayzullin noted.

He also added that the increased tax deduction is planned to be extended only to future home purchases. However, the minister did not rule out the possibility of extending the bill to transactions that have already been completed, for which the deduction has not yet been received. 

If the bill is adopted, the maximum tax deduction for buying a home can be up to 520 thousand rubles, and for the repayment of interest on a mortgage – up to 780 thousand rubles.

Источник aif.ru

Mishustin congratulated Muslims on Eid al-Fitr

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin congratulated the Muslims of Russia on Eid al-Fitr. A telegram addressed to the heads of the Spiritual Directorates of Muslims (DUM) of the Russian Federation was published on the government website.

In his message, Mishustin emphasized that the educational and charitable activities of the Russian Ummah, aimed at helping and supporting those in need, deserve great respect and recognition. He also noted the spiritual and moral education of young people, the preservation of the customs and traditions that the SAM adheres to.

In addition, the Prime Minister paid special attention to the contribution of the Russian Ummah to strengthening interethnic and interfaith peace and consent, countering xenophobia and extremism.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated Muslims on Eid al-Fitr. 

Today, events on the occasion of the onset of one of the main Muslim holidays.

Источник aif.ru

In the Kurgan region, the perpetrators of large natural fires were identified

Employees of the State Fire Supervision Service have since the beginning of the fire season identified 25 perpetrators of major wildfires in the Kurgan region, TASS reports with reference to the press service of the Russian Emergencies Ministry.

It is specified that they were brought to administrative responsibility 425 citizens.

In addition, six criminal cases were initiated on the fact of forest fires and violations of fire safety requirements.

Recall that over the past 24 hours, 169 forest fires have been extinguished on the territory of the Russian Federation in the area over 9.3 thousand hectares. The largest fire area was recorded in the Kurgan region, where there are 12 fires on an area of ​​12.6 thousand hectares.

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Rosatom disappointed with the decision of the Finnish Fennovoima to terminate the contract

The Russian state corporation did not see any grounds for the decision of the Finnish Fennovoima to terminate the contract for the construction of a nuclear power plant. The Russian side fulfilled all obligations, the project progressed, team work was established

Hanhikivi NPP model

The decision of the customer for the construction of the Hanhikivi NPP in Finland, Fennovoima's termination of the contract is genuinely disappointing. This is stated in the message of “Rosatom”, received by RBC.

This step on the Finnish side was made without detailed discussion at the level of project shareholders, the largest of which (34%) is RAOS Voima Oy (belongs to &laquo ;Rosatom).

“The grounds for such a decision are absolutely incomprehensible. The project is progressing, teamwork between the customer and the contractor has been established, which was repeatedly reported to the shareholders of the company and in the media by the CEO of Fennovoima»,— added to Rosatom.

The state corporation emphasized that RAOS Project Oy conscientiously fulfills its obligations, and Fennovoima handed over all the main documents necessary for the regulator to issue a license to build a nuclear power plant back in 2021. Fennovoima Oy was expected to hand them over to the regulator in April-May.

In Rosatom, emphasized that they reserve the right to defend their interests in accordance with applicable contracts and legislation.

Earlier on May 2, a message appeared on the Fennovoima website that the company had terminated the contract with the Russian Rosatom. The press service noted that the military operation in Ukraine “exacerbated the risks for the project”, and many supply chains were disrupted.

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“In such a large project, there are significant complexities, and decisions are made only after careful consideration,” — Fennovoim Chairman of the Board Esa Härmäl added.

Contract for the construction of Hanhikivi-1 NPP; The companies signed in December 2013. It was planned to be built in the north of Finland, the power unit with a capacity of 1.2 GW was to be built according to the Russian VVER-1200 technology.

The total cost of the project was estimated at €7–7.5 billion. planned to finance construction for €5 billion, €2.4 billion of them— from the National Wealth Fund.

However, the start date for the construction of nuclear power plants has been postponed more than once. The Finnish side explained the delays in issuing the license by the increased requirements of the Radiation Safety Center of Finland (STUK).

The head of Rosatom Aleksey Likhachev, in turn, pointed out that the postponement of the construction period was caused by economic benefits for the Finnish side.

Materials for the article Authors Tags

Источник rbc.ru

ZDF learned about three EU countries that lifted the veto on the Russian oil embargo

Austria, Hungary and Slovakia withdrew their veto power on the oil embargo from Russia. According to the ZDF, this decision of the three countries was influenced by the decision of the German government to support the embargo

Austria, Hungary and Slovakia have withdrawn their veto power on the European Union (EU) embargo on Russian oil. This was reported by the ZDF TV channel with reference to a high-ranking EU diplomat.

According to the channel, this statement by the three countries was significantly influenced by the decision of the German government to support the embargo.

ZDF notes that, in addition to Austria, Hungary and Slovakia, Spain, Italy and Greece also oppose the embargo, since the expected increase energy prices in these countries “is perceived with great concern by consumers.”

Earlier on May 2, Reuters, citing sources in the European Union, reported that the European Commission (EC), in order to “preserve the unity of the bloc”, could either allow Hungary and Slovakia not to join the oil embargo against Russia, or offer these countries a long transition period for rejection of Russian oil. The sources also clarified that the ban on oil supplies from Russia is likely to be introduced in stages and will come into force only at the beginning of next year.

Since the beginning of the Russian military special operation in Ukraine, the European Union has already introduced five packages of sanctions against Russia. The latter was approved in early April and includes, among other things, a ban on the purchase, import or transit of coal and other solid fossil fuels from Russia. In mid-April, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced the work on the sixth package, in which Brussels considers issues related to the energy sector.

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Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said earlier that the share of Russian energy exports to world markets is 20%. According to him, in the event of a ban on Russian hydrocarbons, oil prices will jump to $ 300-500 per barrel, so Europe's refusal of energy from Russia is unlikely.

even in blocking conditions

Источник rbc.ru

Israeli Foreign Minister pointed out to Lavrov that “Jews did not kill themselves in the Holocaust”

Earlier, the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, in response to Zelensky's statement about Jewish roots, said that Adolf Hitler could also be of Jewish origin. Israeli Foreign Minister called Lavrov's words “unforgivable” The head of the Israeli Foreign Ministry pointed out to Lavrov that “Jews did not kill themselves in the Holocaust” />

Yair Lapid

Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid, in response to a statement by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, recalled that “Jews did not kill themselves during the Holocaust.” and Jews should not be accused of anti-Semitism. This was reported by the press service of the Israeli Foreign Ministry.

«The statements of Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov are not only inexcusable and outrageous— they are also a terrible historical error. Jews did not kill themselves during the Holocaust. The accusation of the Jews themselves of anti-Semitism— this is the lowest level of racism against the Jews,” — said Lapid.

Video

Earlier in an interview with Mediaset, Lavrov did not rule out that the head of Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, could be of Jewish origin. “If I remember correctly, I'm afraid to make a mistake, but in my opinion Hitler also had Jewish blood,” — he said. The Russian minister's statement came in response to a remark by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, who previously spoke of his Jewish roots and the “failure” of “denazification” operations Ukraine.

After the words of Lavrov, the Russian Ambassador to Israel, Anatoly Viktorov, was summoned to the Israeli Foreign Ministry for a meeting with the deputy director general of the ministry to clarify the statements of the Russian minister.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24. President Vladimir Putin called the need for “demilitarization and denazification” as its main goals; neighboring state. After the start of the special operation, the Ukrainian authorities introduced martial law and announced mobilization.

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Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zenlensky previously ruled out the presence of anti-Semitism in Ukraine and said that he himself is a Jew. “I have Jewish blood. And I'm the president. And nobody cares, right? Nobody cares. Nobody asks me about it, — he said.

May 1, Lavrov said that Zelensky had “all the cards”; to establish peace in the Donbass, but he chose not to do so. The minister also noted that the Russian side does not require Zelensky to surrender, but he should be ordered to “release all civilians and stop resistance.” At the same time, he called the main goal of the special operation “ensuring the safety of people in the east of Ukraine, so that they would not be threatened by either the militarization or the nazification of this country.”

in blocking conditions

Источник rbc.ru

Georgia submitted answers to the first part of the questionnaire for EU accession

Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili handed over the answers to the first part of the questionnaire required for joining the EU. Tbilisi plans to send answers to the sectoral part by May 13. A decision on Georgia's EU membership is expected at the end of June

Karl Khartsel and Irakli Garibashvili

The Prime Minister of Georgia, Irakli Garibashvili, handed over the answers to the first part of the questionnaire for obtaining the status of a candidate for EU membership, to the head of the EU Delegation in Tbilisi, Karl Hartzel, the press service of the administration of the Georgian government reports.

Gharibashvili added that the government Georgia and all relevant departments continue intensive work on filling out the second, sectoral part of the questionnaire, which includes 33 chapters and up to 2300 questions. According to him, Tbilisi wants to transfer the second part of the questionnaire to the EU by May 13.

The press service noted that after receiving the completed questionnaire, the European Commission will start preparing its own assessment report, which will then be submitted to the Council of the European Union, and a corresponding decision on Georgia's possible accession to the EU is expected by the end of June.

Georgia applied for EU membership together with Moldova in early March, following Ukraine. The desire for EU membership and Euro-Atlantic security structures is enshrined in the country's Constitution.

Georgia and Moldova received a questionnaire for obtaining the status of a candidate for EU membership on April 11, Ukraine— two days earlier. The head of the Moldovan Foreign Ministry, Nikolai Popescu, then said that he expected Chisinau to fill out the document within a few weeks. Ukraine handed over the completed questionnaire on April 18.

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The United States announced the timing of the opening of the embassy in Kyiv

According to Chargé d'Affaires of the United States in Ukraine Christina Quinn, the diplomatic mission will resume work in the Ukrainian capital by the end of May, if circumstances permit

The building of the US Embassy in Kyiv

The US Embassy expects to resume work in Kyiv by the end of May, if circumstances permit, said United States Chargé d’Affaires in Ukraine Christina Quinn, who is based in Lviv and quoted by Reuters.

“We listen to the opinion of security experts, and when they tell us that we can come back, we'll do it,— Quinn said.

On April 25, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, after a visit to Ukraine along with Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin, said that he had informed Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky about the return of American diplomats to the country from next week, as well as about the intention of American leader Joe Biden to appoint Bridget Brink as the new ambassador to Ukraine .

Responding to a question about whether he gave Zelensky any timeline for opening an embassy in Kyiv, Blinken said the United States would consider the details of the opening of the diplomatic mission. The head of the State Department expects this to happen “within a couple of weeks.”

On the same day, Biden announced his intention to nominate Brink as ambassador, who now holds the position of head of the diplomatic mission in the Slovak Republic. Before that, she served as a senior adviser and deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs and was responsible for matters related to Eastern Europe and the Caucasus.

Even before the start of the Russian military operation, the United States decided to temporarily move the embassy from Kyiv to Lviv, and then the diplomats moved to Poland.

Read on RBC Pro Pro How importers were able to protect themselves from the high volatility of the ruble survive the crisis: advice from Igor Rybakov, Fedor Ovchinnikov and others Pro x The Economist Articles The Fed made a historic mistake. Will this lead to a global recession? p>In the middle of the month, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry reported that diplomatic missions of 16 countries, including France, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Turkey, and the Czech Republic, resumed their work in Kyiv. Later, British Ambassador Melinda Simmons announced her return to Kyiv.

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In France, they declared solidarity in the EU on paying for gas from Russia in euros

According to Ecological Transition Minister Barbara Pompili, EU countries are unanimous in paying for gas supplies in euros or dollars, since contracts cannot be violated “just like that”

EU countries are unanimous in to pay Russia gas contracts in euros or dollars, French Ecological Transition Minister Barbara Pompili told BFMTV.

“Contracts cannot be broken just like that, so we will continue to pay in euros or dollars, depending on the conditions contracts»,— she said.

The French minister noted that European countries should act in solidarity, not alone.

At the end of March, Russia transferred payments for gas with unfriendly countries into rubles. From April 1, companies from these countries must open two accounts with Gazprombank— currency and ruble. The payment for deliveries will first go to the currency account, after which the bank will sell the currency on the stock exchange and credit the rubles to the second account. Payment will be considered completed only from the moment the funds are credited to the ruble account. The Kremlin then said that Moscow would not supply gas to Europe for free. “No payment” no gas, — said the press secretary of the Russian president, Dmitry Peskov.

The list of “unfriendly” states, compiled by the government, included all the EU countries, the USA and some others.

At the end of April, the European Commission recognized that the scheme of paying for Russian gas in rubles contradicts the EU sanctions regime. Among the payment options offered by Brussels— consider only the transfer of currency to Gazprombank as fulfillment of payment obligations.

Read on RBC Pro Pro More than 25% of newcomers leave the company almost immediately. How to keep them Instructions Pro Crisis squared: how the recession of 2022 differs from all others Studies Pro Defective – to the exit: which managers will survive in the next two years Articles Pro Who and how will be punished for the implementation of Western sanctions Articles Pro Double-digit inflation and office hostages: April's Top 10 Articles Pro Amazon Articles: Crazy ideas that paid off. Investor DigestOn the eve of the head of the Office of the Prime Minister of Hungary, Gergely Guiyash said that Budapest does not pay for gas in rubles, but opened an account in euros and transfers a fee to it in the same currency, then the bank converts it into rubles. According to him, in addition to Hungary, nine other countries are also doing the same. Earlier, Bloomberg reported that ten European countries had already opened accounts with Gazprombank to pay for Russian fuel supplies, and four of them had already made payments.

Some countries refused to pay for gas in rubles. In particular, German Finance Minister Christian Lindner said that Berlin “will not succumb to blackmail.” At the end of April, Gazprom stopped supplying gas to Poland and Bulgaria due to their refusal to pay for fuel in Russian currency. The head of the EC, Ursula von der Leyen, called it blackmail, the Kremlin did not agree with her.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, in an interview with the Italian television company Mediaset, speaking about the cessation of supplies, said that Russia was “stolen money (more than $ 300 billion)”, most of which was received for the supply of gas and oil. “This became possible because the money of PJSC Gazprom was forced to keep on his accounts in Western banks (according to your rules). Wanted to "punish" Russia— stole»,— he said. At the same time, Russia is “offered to continue trading as before, and the money will remain with them”, which they, “when they want”, will again “pocket”. “Now we have proposed that deliveries be considered paid not when euros or dollars arrive at Gazprombank, but when they are converted into rubles, which can no longer be stolen. That's the whole story,»,— explained the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

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The Taliban * postponed the celebration of Eid al-Fitr a day earlier

The Afghan authorities held official events on the occasion of the Eid al-Fitr holiday on May 1, a day earlier than the rest of the Islamic world, Sputnik Tajikistan reports.

Abdul-Hakim Haqqani, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and head of the Moon Observation Commission, announced May 1 as the start of the holiday, while Muslims in most other countries of the world celebrate the end of the fast on May 2.

According to media reports, some Afghans continued to fast, planning to celebrate Eid al-Fitr together with the entire Islamic world.

«Sharia does not obey the will of the ruler, it is the ruler who must obey Sharia», — Chairman of the Islamic Brotherhood Council of Afghanistan Maulavi Habibullah Hisam said, criticizing the premature announcement of the holiday.

Eid al-Fitr (or Eid al-Fitr) — Islamic holiday celebrated in honor of the end of fasting in the month of Ramadan. The holiday begins at sunset on the night of the first observation of the new moon.

Recall that earlier today, Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated the Muslims of Russia on the holiday of Eid al-Fitr.

* “Taliban” — terrorist organization banned in Russia.

Источник aif.ru

Can I be fined for unauthorized repairs in the yard?

The Housing Code obliges apartment owners to maintain the local area in good condition. If the site is part of the common property, the owners improve it at the expense of funds transferred to the Criminal Code or the HOA for the maintenance and repair of the common property.

If the house is on municipal land or the site belongs to another person, for example, an educational institution , hospital, the managing organization or the HOA are not responsible for its maintenance. Regarding the improvement, the owners of premises in the MKD should contact the owner of the territory.

Will the benches in the yard be fined for painting? 

The bench belongs to the common property. The decision to repair, paint, relocate, etc. adopted by the owners of residential premises in the house at a general meeting. It must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Art. 44-48 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation. For a decision to be considered adopted, at least 2/3 of the votes of the total number of votes of the owners of premises in an apartment building must vote for it. 

With the consent of the tenants, the bench can be painted independently, there are no penalties for this. The management company is obliged to provide paint for painting fences, benches in the courtyard of an apartment building, as well as entrance iron doors to the entrance.

Will there be a fine for unauthorized road repairs? 

Russian legislation does not provide for liability for unauthorized road repairs. However, a citizen who has neither special education nor skills and permits for road repairs can be held liable under Art. 12.33 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation “Damage of roads”. According to this article, an administrative fine is provided for damage to roads, railway crossings or other road structures: 

  • for citizens — in the amount of 5 thousand rubles to 10 thousand rubles;
  • for officials — 25 thousand rubles;
  • for legal entities — up to 300 thousand rubles

How to repair the road?

If the section of the road where the defect is found belongs to the city, you should contact the administration or the traffic police. The application can be taken in person or sent through the electronic reception of the traffic police. A response must be provided within 30 business days. 

If the road belongs to the local area, residents can repair it at their own expense. At the same time, all repair work must comply with current state standards (the so-called GOSTs and SNiPs). According to the clarifications of Rospotrebnadzor, the procedure for repairing the road by residents should include the following steps:

  • calling an independent expert. The specialist must assess the current condition of the pavement and name the estimated cost of repairs;
  • fundraising. Rospotrebnadzor recommends creating a commission of at least three people to register contributions. In the process, it is necessary to collect all contracts and receipts for payment for work performed and services rendered;
  • attracting a contractor. The organization should be directly involved in the repair of road surfaces;
  • obtaining an independent opinion on the acceptance of works. To do this, you will also need to contact an expert who can control the quality of the repair performed. In conclusion, it should be indicated that the characteristics of the repaired road comply with the requirements of the current regulatory legal acts.

What kind of work on the maintenance of the local area does the management company? 

The owners of an apartment building conclude an agreement with a managing organization (HOA, a management company), which provides all services for the maintenance and improvement of the local area.

The list of works for the maintenance and improvement of the local area includes work on:

  • cleaning of common areas, including disinfection of premises;
  • cleaning of underground parking lots;
  • equipment of utility sites for the installation of containers (collectors) of garbage, bins for food waste ;
  • removal of garbage, snow, removal of melt and rainwater, ensuring conditions for the safe movement of pedestrians and vehicles in winter, dropping snow from roofs and removing icicles; ;
  • cleaning the mowed grass;
  • planting flowers, caring for them in the summer;
  • repair and manufacture of amenities: the manufacture of children's slides and sandboxes, installation and repair of summer playgrounds, cleaning and painting of gates, gratings, benches;
  • garbage collection (daily & nbsp; or other frequency, by agreement) from the local area;
  • snow removal and sanding of entrances to the entrance and footpaths.

What penalty threatens for improper maintenance of the local area?

Control over the proper condition of the land plot adjacent to the apartment building is carried out by the State Housing Inspectorate of the city (district). For improper maintenance of the local area, administrative liability is provided (Article 7.22 of the Code of Administrative Offenses).

In case of failure to fully fulfill their obligations, those responsible for maintaining the local area face a fine: 

  • for officials — in the amount of 5 thousand rubles;
  • for legal entities — in the amount of 50 thousand rubles.

Source:

https://xn--h1alcedd.xn--d1aqf.xn- -p1ai/instructions/kak-otremontirovat-dorogu-vo-dvore/

http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/a2bdf458ee8e47b50718f9da3e8432892c52fe10/

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“We create a monster with our own hands.” What will happen when AI becomes smarter than us?

On May 3, 1997, in New York, on the 35th floor of the Equitable Building, a chess match began between world champion Garry Kasparovand the Deep Blue supercomputer. It was their second duel, the grandmaster won the first one. But this time the car turned out to be stronger: the match, which consisted of six games, ended on May 11 with a score of 3½ : 2½ in favor of Deep Blue, whose name, by the way, can be translated as “deep sadness”.

It was a historic event. And not so much in the world of chess as in technological development. Exactly a quarter of a century ago, a computer program first defeated a person, and from that moment it became clear that the capabilities of artificial intelligence will only grow, and fears that sooner or later it will get out of control and seize power over people , got louder and louder.

A key industry 4.0 technology

We didn't notice it, but artificial intelligence (AI) has already become an integral part of our lives. This happened with the advent of the era of smartphones. Mobile devices have become our second self, without which we cannot exist, and many of the services installed in work with AI support. This is a navigator that plots the best route, and voice assistant, and "smart" camera, and recognition system.

With every year, there will be more and more such services, and not on smartphones, but and in our life in general. Financial transactions, shopping, security — all this will be automated and filled with algorithms. After all, humanity is entering the era of the fourth industrial revolution (it is also called industry 4.0), and artificial intelligence is one of its key technologies.

There is a canonical definition of AI: these are programs and hardware components that are able to learn and are based on complex mathematical solutions. But if we interpret the concept more broadly, then AI — this is everything that thinks instead of a person, freeing his neurons from mental activity and implementing a similar process on a bit-based basis inside computing systems. Experts predict that by the beginning of the next decade, the world will become almost completely automated and controlled by intelligent machines — they will track our every move, create and reveal social prejudices and much more. And the ubiquitous AI will be present in virtually         — self-driving cars, personalized medicine, retail and insurance…

The manner of the game was described as alien

But back to the Deep Blue supercomputer. After him, the AlphaGo program picked up the baton of rivalry with a person in intellectual games. It was written specifically to teach the game of Go, which is considered more difficult than chess. Only in unlike Deep Blue the program did not use the algorithms and suggested in advance and evaluation functions that help to win, but just relied on the rules of the game and its theory.

Analyzing played by professionals, AlphaGo was constantly learning and reached such a high level that it was able to defeat the three-time European champion Fan Hui, and one of the strongest players in the world (in go there is no single official ranking ) Lee Sedolya. This happened in March 2016 

“When the computer first beat the world chess champion, everyone shuddered: it turns out that the machine defeated one of the strongest human minds, — Tatyana Chernigovskaya, a well-known neurolinguist, director of the Institute for Cognitive Research at St. Petersburg State University, shared her impressionsspeaking at last year's marathon “New Knowledge”. — Then they began to say: chess — this is, of course, a difficult game, but here the game is more difficult, it will not succumb to artificial intelligence. But and she succumbed! Lee Sedol, the go champion, was smashed by the AlphaGo computer program.

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Fan Hui. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

And        the case did not end there. Since then, intelligent self-learning programs like AlphaGo and AlphaZero have taken almost all frontiers — in addition to chess and go, they learned to play shogi (Japanese board game. — Note. ed.) and even in poker. It's not the game, it is the fact that they are advancing on our territory. Those things that, as it used to be thought, only a person can do, it turns out that a machine can do.

I was deeply shocked that the AlphaZero program beat another program due to its “deep intuition”. She was able to go through far fewer positions per second than her opponent, and still won, because she used the so-called holistic strategy and   artificial intuition“. That is, it turned out to be smarter and smarter, despite the fact that it worked more slowly. The creators of this program were amazed. They described her playing style as alien: such moves had never been seen in human or other programs.

Thus, computer programs bridged the gap between logic and intuition, jumped over this barrier. Intuition has always been considered a trait unique to humans. But it turned out that the machine can beat us on this field».

Man's biggest enemy

Continuous learning — one of the  principles of artificial intelligence. The system analyzes data arrays, due to which it grows and develops. This can be compared with ontogenesis (individual development of an organism), but scientists go even further and offer something similar to phylogenesis, that is the development of a species.

The University of Edinburgh has developed an AI that can evolve in accordance with Darwin's theory. He knows how to adapt to changing conditions and transmit new skills (or knowledge) to next generations, selecting those “descendants” who are more likely to survive. It's about robots. AI will “reproduce” by producing them without any human intervention — with the 3D printer it is connected to. The developers want to achieve complete autonomy in the life cycle of such robots, and suggest that they will find applications where a person cannot reach — on other planets and on the ocean floor.

Now experts are talking about that the appearance of the so-called "strong" AI. In fact, he will be able to think and be aware of himself as a separate person. And          exceeds man in the ability to to extreme conditions, but    in intelligence.

“Whom has Homo sapiens struggled with” throughout its history? With intelligent systems! With predators, enemies external and internal, intruders, criminals, ill-wishers, etc. etc., — arguesa specialist in the field of adaptive control and behavior, chief researcher at the A. Lebedev Institute of Fine Mechanics and Computer Engineering of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Zhdanov. — The smarter they are, the scarier and more dangerous. The biggest enemy of a man, with whom he fights all his life — intelligent systems!

Until a person sees around him no one who would be much smarter than him. Therefore, he feels like the master of the world. But imagine that an intelligent being appears, which is a thousand, million times smarter! It is known that a person at one moment is able to control about seven parameters (plus or minus two), and this creature will control, say, 70 thousand parameters. And at the same time, have access to all personal information of each person and make decisions based on them. Tell me, will you have at least one chance to deceive him, to defeat him? None. This system will always outplay you. And now we are creating such a monster with our own hands».

Machine morality

There is another important point. When people are at war with each other, they can always hope for indulgence, no matter how evil and cruel the enemy may be. But       the case with           it is not necessary to count on this at all. After all, he does not have the usual human morality, he has it machine-made. It is not known by what criteria he will make decisions and whether they will meet our ideas of good and evil.

British expert in artificial intelligence Stuart Russell gives such an example. As is known, in recent years, AI has been widely used for the diagnosis and treatment of oncological diseases. “Don't expect him to be about to solve these deadly diseases.” On the contrary, AI will most likely find a way to transplant cancer cells to all of humanity in order to perform millions of experiments at the same time, using all of us for its training as guinea pigs, — says the expert.   A all because he will strive to solve the problem that we set before him, but at the same time, we forgot to clarify that you cannot conduct experiments on people».

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Papa can do anything. Father of many children was given money for an apartment

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 17. The highlight of the program. How import substitution works and what Russia can do on its own 04/27/2022 =”640″ style=”display: block;” />

“AiF” together with readers writes the story of Alexander Galkinand his sons with happy endings.

One girl wrote that she would consider an honor to marry such a man. Just like this: “I would” consider it an honor.

“AiF” for more than the first year he has been helping Alexander Galkin and two of his sons, Sasha and Vadim. And finally, our efforts were crowned with success. Joyful Alexander called and said: the assembly of deputies has finally allocated money for an apartment.

The Galkins (a Vadim — a disabled person since childhood) huddle in an old studio 28 m². Alexander has been on the line for improvement of living conditions for a million years. All the time — at number one, and use — zero. Tired of waiting by the sea for the weather, Galkin Sr. went to court last year and, of course, won the process. The matter has become small: where can the city administration get the living space that should be transferred by Galkin according to the law? In their native Kuse — a small town in Chelyabinsk region — there is simply no housing that could be transferred under a social lease agreement.

We tugged at the administration: after all, you can not follow the law? Should do something? And the thing seemed to have moved, but… However, first things first.

Vadim is already 19, but mentally he has always remained a child. Photo: From the personal archive.

“An error occurred!”

"Just  to be in time" — Alexander Galkin raced from  another "watch" in my Kusu. He rushed because good people whispered to him: they say, both sons, Vadik and Sasha, can be taken to an orphanage. Because their mother does not educate them, but re-arranges their personal life. If it ne needed to earn the damn money, he would not leave it for a minute. But you have to live for something…

The youngest son, whom his father calls San Sanych, got ready in the morning and stomped to the school. He just went to first grade, but you need to be independent! And the eldest, Vadim, a boy with developmental disabilities, in a language understandable only to their family, asked delicious from his father. Over the years, Galkin Sr. has learned to keep the apartment in perfect cleanliness, and to plan expenses, and to dress and feed the children in such a way that it is both tasty and budget-friendly. His daily routine: laundry, cleaning, shops, classes with Vadik, checking lessons, polyclinics, hospitals, tests, examinations…

Five years ago, Galkin couldn't believe his eyes when 40,000 rubles fell on his card. rub. Pleased Sasha: you will have a computer! Apparently, the bailiffs collected alimony from the mother. But  in the depths of the soul still had a doubt: the amount is large and it painfully round. I called the bank to clarify, but didn't hear anything intelligible. And in eventually decided to spend them. First of all, buy Sanya a tracksuit for school. Sneakers — the ones he requested: with a black stripe, strong. Vadka — strawberries to make jam. Well and fill the shelves with cereals. There was not enough for computer, of course. Alexander began saving up for it, setting aside the remaining 3 thousand

Having plugged the holes in the family budget, Alexander already forgot about this wonderful gift. And suddenly — a call from the bank: sorry, there was a mistake, the money was not transferred to you, return it. And there is nothing to return! Father went to the bankers to ask for an installment plan. He explained that the entire income of the family — Vadik's disability pension in 18.8 thous. rub. The bank agreed to the installment plan. 

The family then lived on 3.8 thousand. rub. per month: out of pension 18.8 thous. rub. 10 thousand went to return “gift” account, 5 — for medications. At night, Galkin ran to kalym: to guard somewhere, to repair somewhere. And went back in the morning, sent the younger one to school, and was engaged in the older one.

They found out about Galkin when he had already paid off the “debt”. The bank invited Alexander, and presented a cake and a calendar as a token of compensation. The employees of the institution, not knowing where to hide their eyes from shame for such a “prize”, folded up and put an envelope into the pocket of a single father: 5 thousand.

It was then that we first talked about family. Honest as the truth itself, Galkin inspired many by his example. "Looking at you, we all somehow straighten up and become in formation", — readers of AiF wrote to him. And & nbsp; dubbed Alexander Borisovich "honest dad". Transfers from the whole country flew to Galkin's card. Not accustomed to attention, the modest man was afraid to believe in his own happiness. When Sasha sat down to do his homework for a brand new computer, the money for which our readers raised, his father began to cry for the first time.

How to feed sons

Galkin does not abuse the kindness of people. He and he is capable of a lot. A few years ago, for example, he managed to prove to officials that he alone could cope with the upbringing of his sons. And I forgave my cuckoo ex-wife a long time ago.

Yes and did again ask for help. But poverty crept up at the most unexpected moment. While everyone was preparing to meet the new year 2021, Alexander was thinking about how to feed his sons. The eldest, Vadik, then turned 18. From a minor child with a disability, he turned according to the laws of the bureaucracy into a disabled adult. Yes, Galkin will remain Vadim's guardian until the end of days. But in order to pay their pension and then, you need to re-register a bunch of documents.

Alexander does not get tired of marveling at the absurdity of some laws. For example, he cannot officially earn extra money. Galkin, who himself grew up in a large family, a handy man, says he would have officially settled down long ago even in his Kus. Sasha Jr. has matured, you can rely on him. He looked   for Vadik while his father earns. However, no: as soon as the caregiver or other poor person receives income, the subsidy is removed from families.

"It comes to ridiculous —  he says. — They invited us to the show„Let's Get Married“. Not a hero, but like in a cheerleading group. Sashka I've never been anywhere let me, I think I'll show the kid the capital — tickets are paid. We went. We're back — and   did  the housing subsidy. I went to find out, and they tell me: you have 20 thousands here. income. It turns out that TV crews paid us compensation for the expenses for tickets and accommodation as a salary. They also took income tax! And that's it, I dropped out of the category of those in need».

"Well how so?!" — we were perplexed in "AiF" and on eve 2021  contacted the Minsots of the Chelyabinsk region with a request to help the Galkins. Officials, as they say, “entered the & nbsp; position.” All the documents necessary for reissuing subsidies were passed through the authorities as quickly as possible. Yes and our readers got connected: someone made a translation, someone just called — after all, a kind word sometimes helps. A one girl wrote that she would be honored to marry such a man. Just like this: “I would consider it an honor.” Who knows, maybe Alexander will meet his love again. He's only 48.

Half-a-lifetime line

All these five years that we have been talking about the Galkin family, by united efforts we have been able to solve their problems. And even with housing, it seemed that everything was about to get better. But the move is being postponed: those 650 thousand allocated by Galkin are not enough for housing, even for Kusa. And in recently, it has risen in price even more. The Galkins huddle in the & nbsp; studio. Two tall young men 19 and 18 sleep on a bunk bed: nothing else is included in the room except for the father's sofa.

The local administration is puzzling over how to meet this modest sum . And we think: maybe we will come to help again?

The Life of the Galkins — this is a team game. Otherwise, you can't survive and can't win. When his father secretly worked part-time from the state, the younger son nursed his older brother. When the bankers gave the honest father a protocol cake, the employees collected an envelope with money. When it was necessary to live up to & nbsp; retirement, the South Urals brought pickles and & nbsp; jam to Galkin. Let's try and help now. So that the Galkin family finally has its own “birdhouse”.

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US allowed deals with Gazprom Germania until the end of September

All transactions involving Gazprom Germania or any legal entity in which the company owns a stake of 50% or more can be carried out until September 30, follows from the license of the Ministry of Finance. Previously, Gazprom ceased participation in the German subsidiary

The US Department of the Treasury has allowed transactions involving Gazprom Germania GmbH until September 30, 2022, according to the general license published on the agency's website.

The same applies to any legal entities in which Gazprom Germania owns a 50% or more share.

«All transactions related to Gazprom Germania GmbH or any legal entity in which Gazprom Germania GmbH owns directly or indirectly 50% or more <…> are permitted until 00:01 ET time September 30, 2022»,— it says.

On February 24, the day the Russian military operation in Ukraine began, the United States imposed sectoral sanctions that included Gazprom. Restrictions apply to the acquisition of debt and raising capital.

In early April, Gazprom terminated its participation in Gazprom Germania and withdrew its representatives from the governing bodies. The company also demanded from the former “daughter” abandon Gazprom's trademarks, including in names and symbols, “to avoid further identification of their activities with a Russian company.

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck said that

Gazprom Germania will come under the control of the Federal Network Agency by 30 September. Earlier Bloomberg reported that Berlin is looking for a buyer for the former “daughter” “Gazprom”. At the same time, the authorities do not exclude the nationalization of Gazprom Germania, but this will be extreme measures, Bloomberg reported.

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Gazprom Germania unites a number of companies operating in Europe, including Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd, Wingas, Gascade Gastransport, Astora, Gazprom NGV Europe (operator of gas filling stations in Germany and the Czech Republic) and others.

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Poland will help EU countries to abandon energy from Russia

Polish Minister of Climate and Environment Anna Moscow said that Poland is ready to help other EU countries to abandon Russian energy sources. She called for the immediate abandonment of Russian oil EU to give up energy from Russia” />

Poland is ready to help other EU countries to give up Russian energy, Polish Climate and Environment Minister Anna Moskva said, arriving at a meeting of EU ministers on energy issues in Brussels. The broadcast is available on the EU website.

“We are ready to show solidarity and support other countries, provide them with non-Russian hydrocarbons, we are ready to be in solidarity with our infrastructure and provide them if necessary,” — the minister said.

She added that Poland is ready to share its experience in building infrastructure in order to quickly become fully independent from Russia.

The Polish minister also called on the EU countries to immediately stop importing Russian oil , noting that Warsaw will support all sanctions on Russian hydrocarbons. “We already have coal, then comes oil, and the next step— gas",— Moscow said.

Since the beginning of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, Western countries, including members of the EU, have imposed several packages of sanctions against Moscow. On April 8, the European Union introduced the fifth package of restrictions, which includes a complete embargo on the import of Russian coal. According to German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, the EU will stop importing Russian coal in the summer, give up Russian oil by the end of the year, and “seriously” will reduce gas supplies from Russia.

In mid-April, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said that the EC was preparing a sixth package of sanctions against Russia, which implies restrictions on the oil sector. As French Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Anne-Clair Legendre clarified on April 29, France expects new EU sanctions against Russia, including restrictions on oil, in the near future.

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Bloomberg sources reported that the European Union is considering three possible scenarios regarding Russian oil: an embargo, setting a cap price, and creating a “payment mechanism to retain the proceeds” that Moscow has received since the start of a military special operation against Kyiv.

According to the decree Russian President Vladimir Putin, since April 1, “unfriendly” states, to which Moscow included, in particular, all EU countries, the USA and Great Britain, must pay for gas supplies in rubles.

Some countries, in particular Poland and Bulgaria, have reported that they do not intend to pay for gas in rubles, considering this a violation of the terms of the contracts, which mostly require payment in dollars or euros. At the same time, Hungary admitted that they would follow Moscow's demands.

April 27 Gazprom stopped gas supplies to the Polish PGNiG and the Bulgarian Bulgargaz. The press service of the concern said that as of the end of the working day on April 26, these companies had not received payments in rubles for April deliveries. The companies notified about the termination of deliveries in advance.

Then in “Gazprom” warned that in the event of unauthorized withdrawal of Russian gas from transit volumes to third countries, supplies for transit would be reduced by this volume. The next day Gazprom said that Poland receives Russian gas from Germany.

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In Italy, they proposed to allow paying for Russian gas in rubles

According to Italian Minister of Ecological Transition Roberto Cingolani, the EC could allow temporary payments for supplies in the currency demanded by Russia until the legal consequences become clear

Italian Minister of Ecological Transition Roberto Cingolani expressed the country's readiness to temporarily pay for Russian gas in rubles. He told Politico about this.

The minister requires the European Commission to allow European energy companies to settle accounts with Moscow in Russian currency.

“I think it would be good for companies for at least a few months, they continued to pay in rubles while we sort out the legal framework, — he said.

The EC needs to confirm that companies can still pay for supplies in Russian currency, as required by Moscow, Chingolani added.

It could take months to understand the legal implications, he said, which would put energy companies in a difficult position: they can't risk paying and then being accused of violating sanctions, but they can't not pay either.

On May 2, EU energy ministers are to hold talks on gas in Brussels.

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At the end of March, Russia transferred payments for gas supplies from unfriendly states in rubles. From April 1, companies from these countries must open two accounts with Gazprombank— currency and ruble. The fee will first go to the foreign currency account, after which the bank will sell the currency on the stock exchange and credit the rubles to the second account. Payment will be considered completed only from the moment the funds are credited to the ruble account.

At the end of April, the European Commission recognized that the scheme for paying for Russian gas in rubles contradicts the EU sanctions against Moscow. The countries were offered several payment options, in particular, the states can consider only the transfer of currency to Gazprombank as fulfillment of obligations.

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Shoigu discussed the humanitarian situation in Ukraine with his Turkish counterpart

Hulusi Akar, in particular, pointed to the “urgency” of the evacuation of civilians, primarily from Mariupol

Hulusi Akar

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu had a telephone conversation with his Turkish counterpart Hulusi Akar about the situation in Ukraine. This was reported by the Russian Ministry of Defense in Telegram.

“During the talks, the current situation in Ukraine, including humanitarian issues,” was discussed, — The report says.

The telephone conversation took place at the initiative of the Turkish side, the department added.

On the website of the Turkish Ministry of Defense, in turn, it is reported that Akar during the conversation emphasized the importance of an immediate cessation of fire and the establishment of peace in Ukraine and “the urgency of the evacuation of civilians, primarily from Mariupol.”

Turkey intends to continue to promote peace in the region, the ministry said.

Earlier on May 2, the Russian military reported that in two days, April 30 and May 1, from the territory of the blocked metallurgical plant “Azovstal” more than 120 people were evacuated, most of them wished to move to the territory controlled by Ukraine. The day before, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky spoke about the evacuation of about a hundred people from the enterprise, who were transported to the Zaporozhye region. The Russian Ministry of Defense, in turn, said that 80 people were evacuated.

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The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Sergei Lavrov, said that Kyiv is seeking the evacuation of all those on the territory of Azovstal; to the regions under his control in order to hide the presence of Ukrainian military mercenaries.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources

On April 21, Shoigu reported to Russian President Vladimir Putin that Mariupol had been taken, and the territory of the Azovstal plant had been taken. “with the remaining remnants of nationalists and foreign mercenaries”; blocked. It would take about three to four days to complete the cleanup at Azovstal, he reported. However, Putin ordered to cancel the assault on the plant, urging them to think about “saving the life and health of our soldiers and officers.” and “do not climb into these catacombs.”

On April 26, UN Secretary General António Guterres, during a meeting with Putin in Moscow, proposed involving civilians in the evacuation of Azovstal. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), he agreed. After that, a special team was created at the UN Office for Humanitarian Affairs.

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Israeli Foreign Minister demanded an apology for Lavrov’s words about the Jews

Russia should apologize for the words of Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov about Jews and anti-Semitism, said Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid. He noted that with this statement, Moscow “crossed the line” “Israeli Foreign Minister demanded an apology for Lavrov's words about the Jews” />

Yair Lapid

The words of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov that the most important anti-Semites— it is the Jews themselves who “crossed the line”, the Russian government must apologize to Israel and the Jewish people, Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid said, reports The Times of Israel.

“We are working hard to maintain good relations with Russia, but there is a line, and this time it has been crossed. The Russian government must apologize to us and to the Jewish people, — Lapid said.

In an interview with Mediaset published May 1, Lavrov admitted that the leader of Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, was of Jewish origin. This statement was made in response to the question of how Russia can “denazify” Ukraine, if its President Volodymyr Zelensky— Jew. “He (Zelensky.—RBC) puts forward an argument: what kind of Nazism can they have if he is a Jew. I may be wrong, but Hitler also had Jewish blood. It means absolutely nothing. The wise Jewish people say that the most ardent anti-Semites are usually Jews, — said Lavrov.

After his words, Russian Ambassador to Israel Anatoly Viktorov was summoned to the Israeli Foreign Ministry for a meeting with the Deputy Director General of the Ministry for clarification. Later, the press service of the Israeli Foreign Ministry said that Lavrov's words were “unforgivable and outrageous” and were also a historical mistake. “Jews did not kill themselves during the Holocaust. The accusation of the Jews themselves of anti-Semitism— this is the lowest level of racism against the Jews,” — emphasized Lapid.

Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett denounced Lavrov's words, saying that “these lies are designed to blame the Jews themselves for the most heinous crimes in history committed against them, and thus absolve the oppressors of the Jews from their responsibility.” Bennett stressed that the use of the Holocaust as a “political battering ram” should be stopped immediately.

On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in Ukraine. As its main goals, he called the need for “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring state. Kyiv introduced martial law and severed relations with Moscow.

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Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky ruled out the presence of anti-Semitism in Ukraine and said that he himself is a Jew. “I have Jewish blood. And I'm the president. And nobody cares, right? Nobody cares. Nobody asks me about it, — he said.

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The EU considered the disconnection of Poland and Bulgaria from gas as a violation of the contract

French Minister for Environmental Transformation Barbara Pompili said that Gazprom's unilateral decision to stop gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria is a breach of contract, adding that the EU condemns these actions

Russia's decision to cut off gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria in connection with their refusal to switch to payment in rubles is a violation of contracts, French Minister of Environmental Transformation Barbara Pompili said at a briefing following a meeting of EU energy ministers. The broadcast is available on the EU website.

“We all condemn the unilateral decision of Gazprom” for Poland and Bulgaria. All suppliers are obliged to fulfill contracts, — Pompili said, emphasizing that gas supplies to the EU countries “should comply with EU rules and contracts in the form in which they were concluded.”

Member of the European Commission for Energy Kadri Simson, in turn, reiterated that the new mechanism for paying for Russian gas in rubles— “This is a breach of sanctions.” She indicated that the European Commission would later prepare detailed explanations on this issue.

According to the decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin, from April 1, “unfriendly” states, to which Moscow included, in particular, all EU countries, the USA and Great Britain, must pay for gas supplies in rubles.

Some countries, notably Poland and Bulgaria, said they did not intend to follow Moscow's demands, considering this a violation of the terms of the contracts, which in the majority involve payment in dollars or euros. At the same time, Hungary allowed paying for gas in rubles.

April 27 Gazprom stopped gas supplies to the Polish PGNiG and the Bulgarian Bulgargaz. The press service of the concern said that as of the end of the working day on April 26, these companies had not received payments in rubles for April deliveries.

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On April 26, PGNiG announced that Gazprom Export notified her of the stoppage of gas supplies. The company considered the decision of “Gazprom” breach of contract and announced its intention to file claims against the Russian company. The Ministry of Energy of Bulgaria on the same day confirmed that Bulgargaz received such notice. According to the analysis of the ministry, Bulgargaz and the Bulgarian Energy Holding, the new procedure for paying for gas supplies proposed by Russia “does not comply with the contract valid until the end of this year and creates significant risks for Bulgaria.”

April 27, Gazprom also warned that in the event of unauthorized withdrawal of Russian gas from transit volumes to third countries, supplies for transit would be reduced by this volume. The next day Gazprom said that Poland receives Russian gas from Germany.

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The United States announced the desire for a “strategic failure” for Russia in Ukraine

Moscow must suffer military, political and economic setbacks, according to the Pentagon. Earlier, the secretary of defense announced Washington's desire that Moscow “be so weak” that it could not “renew its military potential” Pentagon International Security Affairs Celeste Wallander.

“The goal of the US government <…> is that this crisis will end in a strategic failure for Russia, — she said.

Among the failures that Moscow, according to the American side, must endure, Wallander named military, political and economic (sanctions, primarily export restrictions).

In addition, the West will seek to hold the Russian leadership accountable to its citizens and the world community. The aide noted that “the stakes are high”: they “concern global stability and security.”

April 25, US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin said that Washington wants Russia “to be so weakened that it cannot could do more of what she did” and so that she would not have the opportunity to “restore military potential,” CNN reported.

The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Sergei Lavrov, in turn, said that the West would not be able to weaken Russia, and expressed confidence that the country would be able to reconfigure the economy and protect itself “from possible illegitimate hostile actions of opponents in the future.” According to him, Moscow's actions in Ukraine became the reason “for the introduction of massive restrictive measures against Russia, its legal entities and individuals.” At the same time, Western countries do not hide the fact that they are striving to “strangle” of the Russian economy, “undermining its competitiveness, blocking the further progressive development of the country.”

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Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24th. President Vladimir Putin has designated as its goal the protection of the inhabitants of Donbass, the “demilitarization” of and “denazification”. Moscow is not going to occupy a neighboring state, he argued.

On the eve of Lavrov, the goal of military operations was “to ensure the safety of people in the east of Ukraine, so that they would not be threatened by either the militarization or the nazification of this country, and from the territory of Ukraine they would not come threats to the security of the Russian Federation».

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Rossel remembered the Ural Republic and preferences for the region

The Urals Republic should not be perceived as separatism, raising the status of the region was necessary to cope with the crisis, Rossel said. Now, he believes, the Sverdlovsk region needs “special conditions” for the development of

Eduard Rossel

Senator, ex-governor of the Sverdlovsk Region Eduard Rossel remembered the Ural Republic and explained the decision to declare it, pointing out that in the last days I heard this phrase “in a negative context, in the context of separatism and the collapse of Russia.”

The Ural Republic was proclaimed on July 1, 1993 by the Sverdlovsk Regional Council against the backdrop of the drafting of the Russian Constitution. Initially, according to the project, the republics within Russia had exclusive rights and priority in the formation of their budget, unlike the regions. The Ural Republic existed for five months— until November 9, 1993. It was liquidated after the decrees of President Boris Yeltsin on the dissolution of the Sverdlovsk Regional Council and the removal of Eduard Rossel from the post of head of the administration of the Sverdlovsk Region.

“Imagine the situation: 1992-1993. The federal center does not control anything, everything falls apart, factories stop, rallies, strikes, demonstrations are all around, — Rossel wrote in his Telegram. According to him, Tatarstan and other republics received preferences, in contrast to the Sverdlovsk region, “where almost all defense enterprises are concentrated.”

Rossel at that time served as head of the regional administration. According to the politician, he and his colleagues in the government of the region came to the conclusion that the Sverdlovsk region needs to be upgraded in order to maintain strategic production and get out of the financial crisis. Rossel decided to achieve a new status for the region. At the regional referendum, which took place on April 25, 1993, 83.4% of voters voted for this decision with a turnout of 67%.

“I did not show self-will, I acted strictly in accordance with the constitution in force at that time. The main goal of raising the status of the Sverdlovsk region to the level of a republic was to increase its level within the Russian Federation and acquire greater economic and legislative independence, — Rossel emphasized.

According to the politician, “the time of the most difficult crisis would have ended for the Sverdlovites much earlier” if Yeltsin “had not been frightened, had not listened to the hysterics that <… > whispered in his ear— “Rossel is a separatist, the collapse of Russia is coming, a precedent cannot be created.”

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Now, Rossel believes, when “the transition of the economy to a new track is required,” the Sverdlovsk region needs “special conditions for its progressive development.” and preferences for the development of the domestic market of heavy industry. The region needs a special status— economic, political, tax, investment, he believes. “And my experience should be taken as a basis for making decisions at a new historical stage, and not populist speeches. Ural Republic— this is about the preservation and strategic development of the Sverdlovsk region and Russia, and not about Rossel's separatism, — concluded the senator.

Rossel became chairman of the Sverdlovsk Regional Council of People's Deputies in 1990. A year later, he was appointed to the post of head of the administration of the Sverdlovsk region. In this post, he adhered to a policy aimed at obtaining economic independence for the region. Offering the creation of the Ural Republic, he explained its necessity as follows: “We do not need sovereignty, but we really need economic and legislative independence.”

In 1994, he was elected to the Sverdlovsk Regional Duma and took the post of its chairman. The following year, he won the election of the governor of the region, which he held until 2009. In December 2009, Rossel was appointed a senator to the Federation Council.

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The Pentagon announced the transfer of more than 70 howitzers to Ukraine

We are talking about howitzers M777, said a representative of the defense department. In total, the United States pledged to transfer 90 such weapons to Ukraine.

The US has handed over 70 M777 howitzers out of 90 promised to Ukraine, a senior Pentagon official told reporters. The words of the official are quoted by the American television channel CNN.

According to him, the instructors have already trained 170 Ukrainian artillerymen in the use of these weapons, and another 50 people should complete their training on May 2. In addition, about fifty servicemen are due to arrive at a training ground outside of Ukraine this week and begin training, he said.

The M-777 howitzer was developed as an ultralight gun in the late 1990s, it is in service in India, the United States and other countries. As clarified by CBS News, it has gained popularity in the armies of Western countries, as it is suitable for mobile combat operations and is easily transported by air. The Canadian Department of Defense claimed that the M777 is capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 30 km.

A Pentagon spokesman added that over the past 24 hours, 13 aircraft carrying US military aid for Ukraine have arrived in Europe. Another 11 flights are due to arrive in the region over the next day.

On April 21, the US authorities announced that they were going to transfer another $800 million military aid package to Ukraine. It was supposed to include 72 howitzers, 144,000 artillery shells for them, 72 tactical towing vehicles, 121 Phoenix Ghost tactical drones, field equipment and spare parts. Earlier, Reuters, citing the Pentagon, reported on another batch of weapons, which included 18 155-mm howitzers, 11 Mi-17 helicopters, anti-artillery radars and 200 armored personnel carriers. On April 17, a source in the US administration told CNN that the first deliveries had arrived in Ukraine.

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Zelensky announced the continuation of the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal

Zelensky: evacuation from Azovstal in Mariupol will continue on May 2 at 8:00 Civilians will continue to be evacuated from Azovstal on the morning of May 2, the start is scheduled for eight in the morning, Zelensky said. Earlier, he reported about a hundred civilians evacuated from the plant. Red Cross employees are participating in the evacuation. civilians from “Azovstal” />

On May 1, the evacuation of civilians from the Azovstal metallurgical plant began. in Mariupol, they will continue to be withdrawn the next day, May 2, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said in his video message. It was published on Telegram.

“I hope that tomorrow all the necessary conditions will also be met in order to continue the removal of people from Mariupol. We plan to start at eight in the morning, & mdash; said the Ukrainian president.

Zelensky also indicated that the organization of humanitarian corridors has become one of the elements of the negotiation process. “[The negotiation process] continues. It is very complex, and yet,»,— he noted. According to him, the Ukrainian authorities evacuated more than 350 thousand people from the combat zone.

The Red Cross reported on the participation of its employees and the UN in the process of evacuating civilians towards Zaporozhye. “A convoy of buses and ambulances left for the place on April 29 and, having covered a distance of 230 km, on Saturday morning, local time, arrived at the Azovstal metallurgical plant. in Mariupol»,— says on the organization's website.

Earlier in the evening, Zelensky said that from the territory of Azovstal managed to evacuate the first group of civilians, it included about a hundred people, they were taken to Zaporozhye.

The Russian Defense Ministry announced the evacuation of 80 civilians from the Mariupol plant “thanks to the initiative of Russian President Vladimir Putin.” For the evacuation process, a humanitarian corridor was organized and a regime of silence was established, people were evacuated to Bezymennoye in the Donetsk People's Republic. “Evacuated by Russian servicemen from the Azovstal plant” civilians who wished to leave for the areas controlled by the Kyiv regime were handed over to representatives of the UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross,— added in the Russian ministry.

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At the end of April, Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Irina Vereshchuk asked UN Secretary General António Guterres to become the initiator and guarantor of the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal. In Kyiv, they also called for representatives of the UN and the Red Cross to be in the humanitarian convoy.

Guterres proposed the mediation of the UN and the Red Cross to the Russian president during a personal meeting a day later, on April 26. The organization indicated that Putin agreed with this initiative. The next day, the UN spoke about the preparation of a special team that will coordinate the evacuation.

Mariupol has been in the combat zone almost from the very beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, which has been ongoing since February 24th. At the end of March, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, announced the beginning of the assault on the city; by mid-April, he reported that Russian forces had established control over 98% of Mariupol. On April 13, the Russian Defense Ministry announced the encirclement of the remaining military from the “units of the Ukrainian troops and the Nazis.” About a week later, on April 21, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported to Putin about the capture of the city.

in blocking conditions

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Lavrov called the security of the east of Ukraine and Russia the goal of the special operation

Zelensky had “all the cards” to establish peace in the Donbass, but he chose not to, Lavrov said. According to him, Moscow seeks to ensure the security of Russia and the inhabitants of eastern Ukraine, and not to change power

Sergey Lavrov

The purpose of the special military operation is to ensure the security of eastern Ukraine and Russia, Moscow does not intend to seek a change of power in the country. This was stated by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in an interview with the Italian edition of Mediaset, according to the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“We want to ensure the safety of people in the east of Ukraine, so that they are not threatened by either the militarization or the nazification of this country, but no threats to the security of the Russian Federation emanated from the territory of Ukraine”, — Lavrov said.

The minister also noted that the Russian side does not require Zelensky to surrender, but he should be ordered to “release all civilians and stop resistance.” Change of power in countries is a “specialty” United States, Lavrov is sure, he added that Washington “does this all over the world.”

Asked which world leaders could start the process to conclude a treaty between Russia, Ukraine and the West, Lavrov called it “good, but very belated.” In his opinion, to solve “all the problems of the world” could Petro Poroshenko, who served as president of Ukraine. “I was elected in 2014. under the slogan “Peace in Donbass”. Then he started a war, — he said.

Lavrov also said that Zelensky during the election campaign in 2019 “presented himself as the” president of the world “, and having been elected, in December of the same year he signed an obligation to fulfill the Minsk agreements and adopt a law on granting Donbass a special status within the framework of a united Ukraine. “He had every chance. “All” cards ” and «trump cards» were in his arms»,— said the Russian Foreign Minister, adding that the Ukrainian president instead became “publicly and arrogantly” to say that he will not fulfill the agreements, motivating this by the unwillingness of the “collapse of the Ukrainian people, the state.”

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Three weeks earlier, in mid-April, Lavrov had said that Russia's actions in Ukraine should prevent the “reckless course” to complete US dominance in the world. “Domination, which is built with gross violations of international law. According to certain rules, which they only now repeat and which they work out from case to case, — he explained. As an example, the minister compared the situation in Kosovo (its authorities recognized independence in 200 with the support of the United States and other Western countries) and Crimea. “In Kosovo, independence can be recognized without a referendum, and in Crimea, as a result of a referendum <…> can't», — said Lavrov.

Russian forces began a special military operation in Ukraine on the night of February 24, this decision was made by President Vladimir Putin. He justified it with the protection of civilians in Donbass from “bullying, genocide”; from Kyiv (later he designated this goal as the main one), “demilitarization” and “denazification” Ukraine. He assured that Russia does not intend to occupy the territory of a neighboring state. “Today's events are not connected with the desire to infringe on the interests of Ukraine and the Ukrainian people. They are connected with the protection of Russia itself from those who have taken Ukraine hostage and are trying to use it against our country and its people,” — Putin said then.

Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov later stated that “ideally” the neighboring state should be “cleansed of pro-Nazi people”, as well as to achieve the neutralization of its “military potential”, which has recently been growing. The head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, lamented in March that the situation in negotiations with representatives of Ukraine had become “rather strange.” “Ukrainian colleagues on the other side of the table believe that there are no Nazi entities in Ukraine,” — he said.

About a month ago, at the end of March, the Ministry of Defense announced that the goals of the first stage of the special operation had been fulfilled. The ministry claims that the plan was to “force the enemy to concentrate his forces, means, resources and military equipment to hold large settlements in these directions, including Kyiv.” At the end of April, the Deputy Commander of the Central Military District, Rustam Minnekaev, announced that one of the goals of the second stage of the special operation would be to establish control over the Donbass and southern Ukraine.

even in blocking conditions

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Lavrov said that Zelensky should “stop resistance”

According to the minister, Russia does not demand that Zelensky “surrender”, but he must give the order to release all civilians and “stop resistance.” If Zelensky does this, then he “can bring peace,” Lavrov believes jpg” alt=”Lavrov said that Zelensky should “stop resistance”” />

Sergei Lavrov

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky should “not surrender,” but “stop resistance,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in an interview with the Italian TV company Mediaset. The text of the interview is given by the press service of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

“We do not demand that he [Zelensky] surrender. We demand that he give the order to release all civilians and stop the resistance,— Lavrov said.

He said that Russia has no goal to change the regime in Ukraine. According to the minister, this is “an American specialty.” “They do it all over the world,” — Lavrov added.

The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry stressed that if Zelensky stops issuing “criminal orders to his neo-Nazi battalions”, orders the release of civilians and stops resistance, then he “can bring peace.”

In early March, the Axios portal, citing a high-ranking Ukrainian official, reported that Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennet advised Zelensky to accept Putin's proposal to stop hostilities. The Walla agency wrote the same thing with reference to a high-ranking Ukrainian official. “If I were you, I would think about the life of my people and accept the offer,” — conveyed Bennet's words to the agency's interlocutor.

The Jerusalem Post later wrote that the Israeli authorities denied reports that Bennett had advised the Ukrainian president to “surrender.” Mikhail Podolyak, an adviser to the head of the office of the President of Ukraine, also said that Bennett “absolutely” did not offer Kyiv to agree to the demands of Russia.

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Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24. Russian President Vladimir Putin explained its need to protect the population of Donbass from “genocide” by the “Kyiv authorities”, as well as the “denazification” and “demilitarization” neighboring country. The day after the start of the special operation, Zelensky invited Putin to “sit down at the negotiating table to stop the death of people.”

At the end of March, the press secretary of the Russian president, Dmitry Peskov, said that there was no progress on the issue of a personal meeting between Putin and Zelensky. Prior to this, the Kremlin spokesman noted that a summit meeting is “conceptually possible”, but the Ukrainian side must first do its “homework”— that is, to agree on the results of negotiations at the level of delegations, otherwise the heads of state “will have nothing to record.”

On April 22, the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry said that negotiations with Ukraine were moving “slowly, slowly.” According to him, there is a feeling that Ukraine is not interested in them and has “resigned itself to its fate.”

Prior to this, Zelensky has repeatedly announced the termination of negotiations in the event of the destruction of the Ukrainian military in Mariupol or the holding of referendums in Russian-occupied Ukrainian regions. The Ukrainian president also called the negotiations of the delegations ineffective and insisted on a meeting with Putin.

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The Bolshoi Theater canceled Serebrennikov’s Nureyev ballet in May

The Bolshoi Theater canceled the ballet “Nureyev” by Serebrennikov and “Don Pasquale” by Kulyabin. The director of “Nureyev” is Kirill Serebrennikov, the ballet was scheduled for early May, but it was canceled without explanation. According to Variety, after the director left Russia. Later, he published a photo from Amsterdam

The State Academic Bolshoi Theater canceled the performances of the ballet “Nureyev” Kirill Serebrennikov and the opera Don Pasquale, they were scheduled for early May. The press service of the theater reported this on Telegram.

“Instead of the previously announced performances of the ballet” Nureyev ” performances of the ballet “Spartacus” will be shown. Tickets are valid»— says the message without giving a reason.

The production of “Nureyev” was supposed to take place on May 6, 7 and 8. Performances of “Don Pasquale” were supposed to take place on May 5-8, its director is Timofey Kulyabin. “Don Pasquale” was replaced by the opera The Barber of Seville.

A poster of upcoming performances until the end of June has been published on the website of the Bolshoi Theater, among them there is no opera Nureyev; and Don Pasquale. The ballet premiered in December 2017.

In June 2020, as part of this case, Serebrennikov was sentenced to three years probation in the case of embezzlement of public funds allocated in the form of subsidies for the work of the Seventh Studio founded by the director. He was ordered to pay a fine of 800 thousand rubles. The court found them guilty of embezzlement of 129 million rubles. from the state subsidy, and also satisfied the civil claim of the Ministry of Culture for 129 million rubles.

The investigation concluded that Serebrennikov, together with other defendants, organized a “sustainable criminal group”, thanks to which they cashed out funds through fictitious contracts with front men.

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At the end of March, the court removed Serebrennikov's criminal record. The court took into account the expiration of half of the established probationary period, the payment of the entire amount of the fine and compensation for damages.

Variety wrote that Serebrennikov left Russia after the conviction was expunged. According to the publication, he went to Germany. French film critic Joel Chapron published a photo of the director in the Place de la Bastille in Paris at the end of March, TASS reported. The last Instagram photo (owned by Meta, the company is recognized as extremist and banned in Russia) of the director was published at the end of April from the City Museum of Amsterdam.

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Turkish Foreign Ministry threatens to respond to ‘slightest attack’ on NATO member

Turkish Foreign Minister Cavusoglu: NATO will respond to “even the slightest attack” on an alliance member Cavusoglu warned that NATO would respond to “even the slightest attack” on one of its members. Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov said that the alliance is entering into a “war through a proxy” with Russia over the supply of weapons to Kyiv

Mevlut Cavusoglu

NATO does not plan to participate in a special operation in Ukraine, however in the event of an attack on a member of the organization, a response will follow, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said, the Sabah newspaper reports.

“We will answer if there is even the slightest attack on any ally,” Cavusoglu said, emphasizing that “NATO's position is clear.”

The Turkish minister also said that in the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine now “sometimes progress, sometimes regression.” According to him, there are people who are not interested in the end of hostilities, they “almost do not hide anymore.”

Thus, Cavusoglu commented on the supply of weapons to the Baltic countries. At the end of April, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov criticized the supply of weapons by NATO countries to Ukraine. “If NATO, in fact, goes to war with Russia through a proxy and arms this proxy, then in war as in war,” — Lavrov said.

The minister called US arms supplies to Ukraine “an example of uncleanliness”, drawing attention to the previously announced transfer of Russian-made Mi-17 helicopters to Kyiv. Lavrov stressed that Moscow handed over these equipment to Washington under a contract to resolve the situation in Afghanistan, their transfer to third parties, according to the document, is not allowed without the permission of the Russian side. “This is a direct violation of obligations in a very important area of ​​international relations.” says the Foreign Minister.

In mid-March, Lavrov called any convoys with cargo on the territory of Ukraine, which Russia considers the supply of Western weapons, “a legitimate target.” “We are conducting an operation, the purpose of which — eliminate any threat against Russia that comes from the Ukrainian territory, — then the minister explained.

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< /p>

In late April, the representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, accused the “special services of the NATO countries” in the management of military operations in Ukraine. She pointed to the criticism of the former commander of the Polish troops, General Waldemar Skrzypczak, against the head of the British government, Boris Johnson. According to the Polish general, the politician divulged a NATO military secret, namely, as Zakharova wrote, data “that British SAS instructors in the amount of 20 people are already training Ukrainian soldiers to use weapons from NATO in the Lvov region.”

< p> The representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs added that representatives of the special services of Canada, the United States, Poland, Great Britain and other countries “have been herding neo-Nazi militants for a long time.” “And there are not dozens of them, but hundreds and thousands,” — Zakharova emphasized

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